Embarcadero station

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Embarcadero
Southbound BART train at Embarcadero station, July 2018.jpg
A BART train at Embarcadero station in 2018
Location298 Market Street
San Francisco, California
Coordinates37°47′35″N 122°23′50″W / 37.79306°N 122.39722°W / 37.79306; -122.39722Coordinates: 37°47′35″N 122°23′50″W / 37.79306°N 122.39722°W / 37.79306; -122.39722
Line(s)Market Street Subway
Platforms1 high level island platform (BART)
1 high level island platform (Muni Metro)
2 low level side platforms (Muni surface)
Tracks2 wide gauge (BART)
2 standard gauge (Muni Metro)
2 standard gauge (Muni surface)
ConnectionsMUNI California Street Cable Car
PresidiGo Downtown Shuttle
Construction
Disabled accessYes
History
OpenedMay 27, 1976 (BART)[1]
February 18, 1980 (Muni)[2]
Traffic
Passengers (FY 2016)47,643 exits per weekday[3]Increase 4.8% (BART)
Services
Preceding station Bart-logo.svg Bay Area Rapid Transit Following station
Montgomery Street Richmond–​Daly City/​Millbrae West Oakland
toward Richmond
Montgomery Street
toward Daly City
Dublin/​Pleasanton–​Daly City West Oakland
Montgomery Street Antioch–​SFO/​Millbrae West Oakland
Montgomery Street
toward Daly City
Warm Springs/​South Fremont–​Daly City West Oakland
Preceding station BSicon LOGO SFmuni.svg Muni Following station
Montgomery
towards Balboa Park
J Church Terminus
Montgomery L Taraval
Montgomery M Ocean View
Montgomery
towards West Portal
S Shuttle
Montgomery
towards Balboa Park
K Ingleside Folsom and The Embarcadero
One-way operation
Montgomery
One-way operation
T Third Street Folsom and The Embarcadero
towards Sunnydale
Montgomery N Judah Folsom and The Embarcadero
At Market and Drumm
Market and Battery F Market & Wharves Don Chee Way and Steuart
One-way operation
At Market and Main
Market and 1st Street
One-way operation
F Market & Wharves Don Chee Way and Steuart
Future services
Preceding station Caltrain roundel.svg Caltrain Following station
Future service via pedestrian tunnel to Transbay Transit Center
Terminus Local 22nd Street
toward Tamien or Gilroy
Limited
Baby Bullet
Peak, Pattern A
Millbrae
Baby Bullet
Peak, Pattern B
Millbrae
toward Tamien
Preceding station California High-Speed Rail Following station
Terminus Phase I Millbrae
towards Anaheim or Merced

Embarcadero is a BART and Muni Metro station in the Financial District of San Francisco. The easternmost stop on the Market Street Subway, Embarcadero acts as a major hub for passenger movement throughout the San Francisco Bay Area. With 45,460 exits each weekday in 2015, Embarcadero is the busiest station in the BART system, a title for which it vies with its western neighbor, Montgomery Street. It is the first stop in San Francisco for BART trains after crossing through the Transbay Tube from West Oakland. This station was an infill station, opening in May 1976,[1] three years after the rest of this section of BART's system; it was the first infill station in the BART system.

Location[edit]

Embarcadero is located in the northeastern section of San Francisco's Financial District, specifically underneath Market Street between Front and Drumm Streets to the north and Fremont and Main Streets to the south.[4] The Ferry Building, Embarcadero Center, Transbay Terminal and the eastern end of the California Street cable car line are all located near Embarcadero station.

History[edit]

Service at the station began on May 27, 1976, three years after the other San Francisco stations.[1] The station was not part of the original plans for the system. As a result of increasing development in the lower Market Street area, the basic structure of the station was added into the construction of the Market Street subway, anticipating a later opening.[5] The later opening resulted in the Embarcadero station having a much different design than the other three Market Street stations.[citation needed] The station was designed by chief BART architect Tallie Maule and Hertzka & Knowles & Associates in collaboration with Parsons Brinckerhoff, Tudor Construction, and Bechtel.[6] The station cost $30 million to construct.[7]

Muni Metro service began in February 1980 and Embarcadero was originally intended to be the inbound terminus for all of the Muni Metro lines.[8] In 1998 a new extension was opened along the Embarcadero and to the Caltrain station at 4th and King Streets; however, several Muni Metro lines continue to terminate at Embarcadero.[citation needed]

Since at least 1992 the station was serenaded by the "Jazz Man" Ronald Brewington.[9] He would play saxophone for commuters and entertain them with conversation and charm.[9] For Christmas Brewington would give out Christmas cards to passengers stating "You are my Carnegie Hall".[9] He claimed his name was Garrick Sherrod; however that was an identity he had stolen.[9] The Jazz Man was actually a fugitive from Albuquerque facing capital murder charges stemming from the 1987 murder of his wife Diedre.[9] He was arrested at a BART station in 2012 and extradited to New Mexico.[9] In 2013, he pleaded guilty to the murder and was sentenced to 16 years in prison.

From either 1976 or 1978 until its dismantling and removal in 2014, a large rope sculpture by Barbara Shawcroft entitled "Legs" hung from the east wall of the platform. The 50-foot-tall, 7,000-pound rope sculpture, which the artist said was made using "a Neolithic technique known as knotless netting," was made of Nomex, a fireproof material. When it was installed, it was a rich orange and white, and it shimmied and swayed when trains sped in and out of the Transbay Tube; however, over the years, it had become famously grimy. The artist insisted that BART should leave "Legs" dangling and said the agency's contract with her required them to clean the sculpture, something that proved costly and short-lived during three attempts. The standoff led to decades of inaction, with the sculpture seemingly forgotten. After its removal, it was returned to Shawcroft, a professor emerita at UC Davis School of Design.[10]

F Market & Wharves streetcar service on Market Street began on March 4, 2000 with the line's extension to Fisherman's Wharf.[11]

Station layout[edit]

Like all stations in the Market Street Subway, Embarcadero has a tri-level configuration. Passengers first descend to a mezzanine concourse containing fare gates for passengers to enter separate BART and Muni paid areas, with one Muni entrance in the middle, flanked by two BART entrances.[4] There are two island platforms below: one on the second level down for Muni trains, and another below the Muni platform for BART trains.

Following the 2015 addition of a canopy over an escalator at 19th Street Oakland station, which reduced escalator downtime by one-third, BART decided to add canopies to all downtown Oakland and San Francisco entrances. Construction will begin in 2019, with completion in 2025.[12]

Transit connections[edit]

Market and Drumm with the station entrances in the center and top left. An F Market & Wharves streetcar is running inbound on Market Street (left, just above center) and a cable car waits in the pinch tracks (lower right).

There are numerous local and express Muni bus lines stopping at this station. The Temporary Transbay Terminal is a short walk from the station, at Howard & Beale Streets, with Greyhound, Samtrans, SolTrans, AC Transit, WestCAT, and Golden Gate Transit buses operating from it.

Amtrak Thruway Bus line 34 makes two trips to Stockton from this station daily, each way.[13] Route 99 connects San Francisco with the closest Amtrak station at Emeryville many times daily.

There is a BART Bike Station[14] inside the Embarcadero Station offering bicycle commuters with a BikeLink[15] card to use the secure bike parking facility.

When the Transbay Transit Center is complete, a pedestrian tube will be built under Beale Street connecting its train platforms with the Embarcardeo Station, linking BART and Muni light rail lines to the new transportation hub.[16][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Celebrating 40 Years of Service 1972 • 2012 Forty BART Achievements Over the Years" (PDF). Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). 2012. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  2. ^ Callwell, Robert (September 1999). "Transit in San Francisco: A Selected Chronology, 1850-1995" (PDF). San Francisco Municipal Railway. p. 57.
  3. ^ "Monthly Ridership Reports". Bay Area Rapid Transit District. Retrieved February 6, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Station Map - Embarcadero". San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. 2013. Archived from the original on November 22, 2013.
  5. ^ "A History of BART: The Project is Rescued". Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART). Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  6. ^ Cerny, Susan (2007). An Architectural Guidebook to San Francisco and the Bay Area. Gibbs Smith. p. 502. ISBN 978-1-58685-432-4.
  7. ^ Kusserow, H. W. (May 28, 1976). "It's freeloading time on BART". San Francisco Examiner. p. 3. Retrieved September 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. Free to read
  8. ^ Hatfield, Larry D. (February 18, 1980). "All clear as Muni Metro opens". San Francisco Examiner. p. 6. Retrieved September 4, 2018 – via Newspapers.com. Free to read
  9. ^ a b c d e f Huet, Ellen (November 2, 2012). "S.F. BART saxophonist is fugitive killer, cops say". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 17, 2012.
  10. ^ Cabanatuan, Michael (June 10, 2014). "Huge rope sculpture to be removed from Embarcadero BART". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
  11. ^ Morris, J. D. (March 2, 2000). "New Way to the Wharf / Merchants hope F-Market line will draw locals to tourist attractions". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
  12. ^ "Ribbon-cutting held for San Francisco BART Station Market St. Canopies" (Press release). San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District. November 13, 2018.
  13. ^ Amtrak Thruway Bus Route 34 Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "BART BikeStations - Getting Started". Alameda Bicycle. 2010. Archived from the original on November 29, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  15. ^ "BikeLink - On-Demand Bike Parking and Bike Sharing". ELOCK Technologies LLC. 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  16. ^ Robinson, Melia (2016). "San Francisco's new $2.3 billion transit center could be the most expensive bus terminal in the world". Business Insider.
  17. ^ Eric Cordoba (Deputy Director for Capital Projects) to Plans and Programs Committee, Major Capital Projects Update – Transbay Transit Center and Downtown Rail Extension. September 14, 2016. San Francisco Country Transportation Authority. Memorandum

External links[edit]