Epiglottal flap

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Epiglottal flap
ʡ̆
ʕ̆
Audio sample

An epiglottal or pharyngeal flap is not known to exist as a phoneme in any language. However, it exists as the intervocalic voiced allophone of the otherwise voiceless epiglottal stop /ʡ/ of Dahalo[1] and perhaps of other languages. It may also exist in Iraqi Arabic, where the consonant 'ayn is too short to be an epiglottal stop, but has too much of a burst to be a fricative or approximant.[2]

There is no dedicated symbol for this sound in the IPA, but it can be transcribed by adding an "extra short" diacritic to the symbol for the stop, ⟨ʡ̆⟩.

Features[edit]

Occurrence[edit]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Dahalo[1] [nd̠oːʡ̆o] 'mud' Intervocalic allophone of the voiceless epiglottal stop /ʡ/, may be an approximant instead.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Maddieson et al. (1993), p. 33.
  2. ^ Esling (2010), p. 700.

References[edit]

  • Esling, John (2010), "Phonetic Notation", in Hardcastle, William J.; Laver, John; Gibbon, Fiona E. (eds.), The Handbook of Phonetic Sciences (2nd ed.), Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN 978-1-4051-4590-9
  • Maddieson, Ian; Spajić, Siniša; Sands, Bonny; Ladefoged, Peter (1993), "Phonetic structures of Dahalo", in Maddieson, Ian (ed.), UCLA working papers in phonetics: Fieldwork studies of targeted languages, 84, Los Angeles: The UCLA Phonetics Laboratory Group, pp. 25–65