Ernst Krenkel Observatory

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Location of Heiss Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago

Ernst Krenkel Observatory (Russian: Обсерватория имени Эрнста Кренкеля), also known as Kheysa, was a former Soviet rocket launching site located on Heiss Island, Franz Josef Land.[1] It is named after a famous Arctic explorer Ernst Krenkel, a member of the crew of the North Pole-1 drift ice station and other notable Soviet polar expeditions.

It served the MR-12 from 1956 to 1980 for the start of elevator research rocketry.


  1. ^ "Kheysa". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Retrieved 6 January 2014.

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Coordinates: 80°27′N 58°03′E / 80.450°N 58.050°E / 80.450; 58.050