Euphratensis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Provincia Augusta Euphratensis
ἐπαρχία Εὑφρατησίας
Province of the Byzantine Empire
c. 341–7th Century
Location of Euphratensis
Diocese of Orient circa 400, showing Euphratensis
Capital Cyrrus or Hierapolis Bambyce
Historical era Late Antiquity
 •  Established c. 341
 •  Division of the empire by Theodosius I 395
 •  Muslim conquest of the Levant 7th Century
Today part of  Syria
 Turkey

Euphratensis (Latin for "Euphratean"; Greek: Εὑφρατησία, Euphratēsía), fully Augusta Euphratensis, was a late Roman and then Byzantine province in Syrian region, part of the Byzantine Diocese of the East.

History[edit]

Sometime between 330 and 350 (likely c. 341), the Roman province of Euphratensis was created out of the territory of Syria Coele along the western bank of the Euphrates.[1] It included the territories of Commagene and Cyrrhestice. Its capital was Cyrrus[2] or perhaps Hierapolis Bambyce.[1] It remained within the Byzantine Empire following the 395 division of the empire by Theodosius I.

The province is listed in the Laterculus Veronensis from around 314.

The Roman Catholic and Orthodox saints Sergius and Bacchus were supposedly martyred in the city of Resafa in Euphratensis, and the city was later renamed Sergiopolis. Other cities in the province were Samosata and Zeugma.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kazhdan, Alexander (Ed.) (1991). Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford University Press. p. 748. ISBN 978-0-19-504652-6.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Edmund Spenser Bouchier, Syria as a Roman Province, 1916, p. 155