Eurovision Song Contest 1971
|Eurovision Song Contest 1971|
|Final||3 April 1971|
|Presenter(s)||Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir|
|Directed by||Tom McGrath|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Host broadcaster||Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ)|
|Interval act||Bunratty Castle Entertainers|
|Number of entries||18|
|Voting system||Two-member juries (one aged 16 to 25 and the other 25 to 55) rated songs between one and five points.|
|Winning song|| Monaco|
"Un banc, un arbre, une rue"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1971 was the 16th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Dublin, Ireland, following Dana's win at the 1970 contest in Amsterdam, Netherlands with the song "All Kinds of Everything". It was the first time Ireland hosted the event. The contest was held at the Gaiety Theatre on Saturday 3 April 1971, and was hosted by Bernadette Ní Ghallchóir.
Eighteen countries participated in the contest, equalling the record of the 1965 and 1966 editions. Austria returned after their two-year absence, while Finland, Norway, Portugal and Sweden all returned after their one-year absence. Malta made their début in this edition.
The winner was Monaco with the song "Un banc, un arbre, une rue", performed by Séverine, written by Yves Dessca, and composed by Jean-Pierre Bourtayre. This was Monaco's first and only victory in the contest. The song was performed by a French singer, living in France, sung in French, conducted by a French native and written by a French team. Séverine later claimed she never visited Monaco before or after her victory – a claim easily disproved by the preview video submitted by Télé-Monte-Carlo featuring the singer on location in the Principality.
For the first time, each participating broadcaster was required to televise all the songs in "previews" prior to the live final. Belgium's preview video featured Nicole & Hugo performing the song "Goeiemorgen, morgen", but Nicole was struck with a sudden illness days before the contest final, with Jacques Raymond & Lily Castel stepping in at short notice to perform the entry in their place. Reports suggested that Castel had not even had enough time to buy a suitable dress for the show.
The BBC were worried about the possible audience reaction to the UK song due to the hostilities raging in Northern Ireland. They specifically selected a singer from Northern Ireland, Clodagh Rodgers, who was popular in both the UK and the Republic of Ireland, to ease any ill-feeling from the Dublin audience. However, Rodgers still received death threats from the IRA for representing the UK.
Groups of up to six people were allowed to perform for the first time, with the rule in previous contests of performing either solo or as a duet abolished.
A new voting system was introduced in this year's contest: each country sent two jury members, one aged over 25 and the other under 25 (with at least ten years' difference between their ages), with both awarding each country (except their own) a score of between one and five points.
While this meant that no country could score fewer than 34 points (and in the event all eighteen scored at least 52), it had one major problem: some jury members tended to award only one or two points. Whether this was done to increase their respective countries' chances of winning is not known for sure, but this shortcoming was nonetheless plain. However, the system remained in place for the 1972 and 1973 contests.
- Austria - Robert Opratko
- Malta - Twanny Chircop
- Monaco - Jean-Claude Petit
- Switzerland - Hardy Schneiders
- Germany - Dieter Zimmermann
- Spain - Waldo de los Rios
- France - Franck Pourcel
- Luxembourg - Jean Claudric
- United Kingdom - Johnny Arthey
- Belgium - Francis Bay
- Italy - Enrico Polito
- Sweden - Claes Rosendahl
- Ireland - Noel Kelehan
- Netherlands - Dolf van der Linden
- Portugal - Jorge Costa Pinto
- Yugoslavia - Miljenko Prohaska
- Finland - Ossi Runne
- Norway - Arne Bendiksen
Below is a summary of all perfect 10 scores that were given during the voting.
|6||Monaco||Belgium, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Yugoslavia|
|Finland||Belgium, United Kingdom|
International broadcasts and voting
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1971 contest, along with the spokespeople who were responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
|Voting order||Country||Jury members||Commentator||Broadcaster|
|01||Austria||Beatrix Neundlinger and Jochen Lieben||Ernst Grissemann||FS1|
|Hubert Gaisbauer||Hitradio Ö3|
|02||Malta||Spiro Sillato and Gaetan Abela||Victor Aquilina||MTV|
|03||Monaco||TBC||Georges de Caunes||Télé Monte Carlo|
|04||Switzerland||TBC||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|05||Germany||TBC||Hanns Verres||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|Wolf Mittler||Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2|
|06||Spain||Noelia Afonso and Francisco Madariaga||Joaquín Prat||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|07||France||Claude Crémieux and Jacques Ourevitch||Georges de Caunes||Deuxième Chaîne ORTF|
|Camillo Felgen||RTL Radio|
|09||United Kingdom||Gay Lowe and Jeremy Patterson-Fox||Dave Lee Travis||BBC1|
|Terry Wogan||BBC Radio 2|
|John Russel||British Forces Radio|
|Nand Baert||BRT Radio 1|
|André Hagon||RTB La Première|
|11||Italy||TBC||Renato Tagliani||Programma Nazionale|
|Renato Tagliani||Secondo Programma Radio|
|12||Sweden||Eva Blomqvist and Putte Wickman||Åke Strömmer||SR TV1|
|Ursula Richter||SR P3|
|13||Ireland||Vivienne Colgan and Ken Steward||Noel Andrews||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|14||Netherlands||Jos Cléber||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
|15||Portugal||Pedro Albergaria and Luís Filipe Costa||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|
|TBC||RDP Antena 1|
|16||Yugoslavia||Miso Kukic and Zoran Krzisnik||Milovan Ilić||Televizija Beograd|
|Oliver Mlakar||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Terček||Televizija Ljubljana|
|17||Finland||Markku Veijalainen and Vieno Kekkonen||Heikki Seppälä||YLE TV1|
|18||Norway||Sten Fredriksen and Liv Usterud||Sverre Christophersen||NRK|
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|-||Greece||(Non-participating country)||Mako Georgiadou||EIRT|
|-||United States||(Non-participating country)||No Commentator||PBS|
- "Eurovision 1971 PREVIEW Monaco – SÉVERINE "Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue"". YouTube. 8 August 2009. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "The Growth and Development of Dublin". Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2013. Retrieved 30 December 2010.
- "Primate City Definition and Examples". Retrieved 21 October 2009.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
- "Eurovision 1971 – Opening ceremony". YouTube. 7 July 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "And the conductor is..." Retrieved 16 October 2013.
- "Eurovision Song Contest 1971". The Diggiloo Thrush. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
- "It was all in the game", Fred Barry, Times of Malta, 7 April 1971
- "ESC 1971 - French comments (ORTF) 4:5".
- Masson, Christian. "1971 – Dublin" (in French). Songcontest.free.fr. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Dubliner Jury bestochen?", Hamburger Abendblatt, 6 April 1971
- "Grand Final: 1971, Eurovision Song Contest". BBC.
- "Wogan quits Eurovision role". BBC News. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 22 August 2011.
- Roxburgh, Gordon (2014). Songs For Europe – The United Kingdom at the Eurovision Song Contest Volume Two: The 1970's. UK: Telos Publishing. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-84583-065-6.
- Leif Thorsson. Melodifestivalen genom tiderna ["Melodifestivalen through time"] (2006), p. 88. Stockholm: Premium Publishing AB. ISBN 91-89136-29-2
- Eriksen, Espen: "Vi tjener inn tapet på turisme", VG, page 13, 7 April 1971
- "RTÉ Stills Library". RTÉ Archives. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- "Nederlandse televisiecommentatoren bij het Eurovisie Songfestival" (in Dutch). Eurovision Artists. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- "A África também vai ver o Grande Prémio da Eurovisão", Diário de Lisboa, 3 April 1971
- Vladimir Pinzovski
- Zitting, Marianne (27 June 2010). "Muistathan: Eurovision laulukilpailu 1971" (in Finnish). Viisukuppila. Retrieved 10 August 2012.
- The Eurovision Song Contest: The Official History, John Kennedy O'Connor, Carlton Books Ltd, ISBN 1-84442-994-6
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurovision Song Contest 1971.|