Eurovision Song Contest 2016

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Eurovision Song Contest 2016
Come Together
Eurovision 2016 Official Logo.jpg
Dates
Semi-final 110 May 2016 (2016-05-10)
Semi-final 212 May 2016 (2016-05-12)
Final14 May 2016 (2016-05-14)
Host
VenueEricsson Globe, Stockholm, Sweden
Presenter(s)
Directed by
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producer
  • Johan Bernhagen
  • Martin Österdahl
Host broadcasterSveriges Television (SVT)
Opening act
  • Semi-final 1: "Heroes" performed by Måns Zelmerlöw
  • Semi-final 2: "That's Eurovision" (aka "Story of ESC"/"Story of Eurovision") performed by Petra Mede and Måns Zelmerlöw
  • Final: "Parade of Flags": a tribute to Swedish fashion design and dance music
Interval act
Participants
Number of entries42
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countries
Withdrawing countries
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song

The Eurovision Song Contest 2016 was the 61st edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Stockholm, Sweden, following Måns Zelmerlöw's win at the 2015 contest in Vienna, Austria with the song "Heroes". This was the third time the contest had taken place in Stockholm, after 1975 and 2000. The contest was held at the Ericsson Globe and consisted of two semi-finals on 10 and 12 May and the final on 14 May 2016, with all three live shows hosted by Zelmerlöw and Petra Mede.

The winner of the contest was Ukraine with the song "1944", written and performed by Jamala. This was Ukraine's second win, having previously won in 2004. This was the first time since the introduction of professional jury voting in 2009 that the overall winner won neither the jury vote, which was won by Australia, nor the televote, which was won by Russia, with Ukraine placing second in both. It was also the first song with lyrics in Crimean Tatar to win or enter the contest.

Forty-two countries participated in the contest. Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia and Ukraine returned after absences from recent contests, while Australia also returned after debuting as a special guest in 2015. Portugal withdrew, largely due to their national broadcaster's insufficient promotion of their music-based media, while Romania had originally planned to participate, but was forced to withdraw due to repeated non-payment of debts by their national broadcaster to the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). The contest was also the first to implement a voting system change since 1975: each country's professional jury points were announced largely as before, while the results of each national televote were combined and announced in reverse order.

Twenty-six countries competed in the final, which was the first to be broadcast on live television in the United States. The Czech Republic managed to qualify for the final for the first time in five attempts since its debut in 2007, while both Bosnia and Herzegovina and Greece failed to qualify from the semi-finals for the first time ever, the latter being absent from the final for the first time since 2000. In the final, Australia finished second, improving on its debut in 2015, while Bulgaria finished fourth, its best result at the time since its debut and first participation in a final since 2007. Justin Timberlake performed during the interval act of the final. A record-breaking 204 million viewers worldwide watched the contest, beating the 2015 viewing figures by over 5 million.

Location[edit]

Ericsson Globe, Stockholm - host venue of the 2016 contest

Venue[edit]

The contest took place in the Ericsson Globe in Stockholm, following Sweden's victory at the 2015 contest in Vienna with the song "Heroes", performed by Måns Zelmerlöw. The Ericsson Globe has a capacity of approximately 16,000 attendees, and this was the second time the contest has been staged at the venue, after the Eurovision Song Contest 2000.[1]

Bidding phase[edit]

Locations of the candidate cities: the chosen host city is marked in blue, while the eliminated cities are marked in red.

Host broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT) announced on 24 May, the day after winning the 2015 contest, that the Tele2 Arena in Stockholm was their first choice venue. However, other cities and arenas were invited to apply, and those making a bid had approximately three weeks to submit their offer to SVT.

SVT announced on 1 June the conditions under which cities and venues could announce their interest in hosting the contest:[2]

  • SVT had to have access to the venue at least 4–6 weeks before the contest to build the stage and rig up lighting and technology.
  • A press centre with a specific size had to be made available at the venue.
  • A specific number of hotels and hotel rooms had to be made available in the vicinity of the venue.
  • The host city had to be near a major airport.

An announcement regarding the venue was expected from SVT by midsummer,[3][4] with the Ericsson Globe announced as the venue on 8 July.[5]

Key  dagger   Host venue

City[2] Venue Notes
Gothenburg Scandinavium Venue of the 1985 Eurovision Song Contest.
Ullevi Proposal was dependent on the construction of a roof to cover the stadium. The idea was rejected due to costs.[6]
Linköping Saab Arena
Malmö[7] Malmö Arena Venue of the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest. Withdrew its bid on 11 June 2015, citing unavailability during the rehearsal weeks of the contest.[7]
Örnsköldsvik[8] Fjällräven Center
Sandviken and Gävle[9] Göransson Arena If this option were chosen, Sandviken would have hosted the three live shows in the Göransson Arena, while Gävle would have hosted satellite events such as smaller concerts and shows.[10]
Stockholm[11]
Annexet
Ericsson Globe dagger Host venue of the 2000 Eurovision Song Contest and the final of Melodifestivalen in 1989 and between 2002 and 2012 inclusive.
Friends Arena Venue of the final of Melodifestivalen since 2013. Friends Arena is the biggest football stadium and indoor venue in Sweden and the Nordic countries. However, it was reportedly not part of Stockholm's bid.[11][12]
Hovet
Tele2 Arena SVT announced on 24 May 2015 that Tele2 Arena was their first choice venue for the contest.[3][13] However, it was not possible to use the venue due to the 4–6 week organisation requirement, which would impact on the pre-scheduled home games of Hammarby Fotboll.[12] The EBU announced on 14 March 2016 that Tele2 Arena would host Eurovision The Party, and the results of the Swedish jury vote would be announced live from the event.[14]

Format[edit]

The preliminary dates for the contest were announced on 16 March 2015 at a meeting of Heads of Delegation in Vienna, with the semi-finals took place on 10 and 12 May and the final on 14 May 2016.[15] These were subject to change depending on SVT,[16] but were later confirmed when Stockholm was announced as the host city.[5]

Discussions were held in 2014 between the EBU and the Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) regarding the inclusion of a guest performance from the ABU TV Song Festival at the contest. The EBU confirmed on 16 July 2015 that they are looking into the possibility of the proposal, which was discussed at the ABU General Assembly in 2014.[17]

SVT proposed a change of start time of the contest from 21:00 CEST to 20:00 CEST on 9 September, arguing that such a change would help to promote family viewing of the contest, especially in eastern Europe when it would run late into the night.[18] However, the EBU published the public rules of the contest on 28 October, which stated that the start time would remain at 21:00 CEST.[19]

The EBU announced on 23 September that rather than using clips from their respective music videos, extended clips from the dress rehearsals of the six acts who qualified directly to the final (the "Big Five" and Sweden) would be shown as previews during the semi-final in which they were allocated to vote.[20]

The core team for the contest was announced by SVT and the EBU on 26 October. Johan Bernhagen and Martin Österdahl were Executive Producers, while Tobias Åberg was Head of Production. The three live shows were directed by Sven Stojanović and the contest was produced by Christer Björkman.[21]

New voting system[edit]

The EBU announced on 18 February 2016 that a new voting system would be implemented at the contest for the first time since 1975. The new system, inspired by the voting system of Melodifestivalen, involves each country now awarding two sets of points from 1-8, 10 and 12: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting. Televoting votes from all the countries are pooled. After viewers have cast their votes, the results of each professional jury are presented, with countries receiving 1-8 and 10 points being displayed on-screen instead of 1-7, which had been the case since 2006, and the national spokesperson announcing only the country to which they award 12 points. After the results of the professional juries are presented, the televoting points from all participating countries are combined, providing one score for each song. The new voting system is also used to determine the qualifiers from each semi-final, but as before the qualifiers are announced in a random order.[22][23]

As the new voting system gives equal weight to jury and televoting results, a national jury result cannot be used as backup result for the televoting or vice versa. Therefore, if a country cannot deliver a valid televoting/jury result, a substitute result is calculated by the jury/televoting result of a pre-selected group of countries approved by the contest's Reference Group. The Director General of Radiotelevisione della Repubblica di San Marino (SMRTV), Carlo Romeo, stated on 23 February that the use of a substitute televoting result discriminated against microstates like San Marino, which only used a professional jury due to their use of the Italian phone system and would therefore have its voting representation diminished under the new system, and criticised the EBU for not contacting its members before making the decision.[24][25]

Other Eurovision events[edit]

The EBU announced on 14 March 2016 that the Tele2 Arena in Stockholm would host a live event running alongside the final of the contest on 14 May.[14] Eurovision The Party, hosted by Sanna Nielsen, allowed fans to watch the final on a big screen and featured backstage material from the Ericsson Globe such as Nielsen conducting exclusive interviews and appearing with hosts Petra Mede and Måns Zelmerlöw. The results of the Swedish jury vote was also announced live from the event by Gina Dirawi. A pre-party and after-party was also held and featured performances from former contest winners Carola and Loreen as well as Danny Saucedo, Panetoz and DJ Tim Henri.[26][27] Executive Producer of the contest Johan Bernhagen has stated that the event complements existing events being held at the Eurovision Village and the EuroClub, and it is hoped that Eurovision The Party would become an annual event in the host city of the contest.[14]

Presenters[edit]

Måns Zelmerlöv standing next to Petra Mede at a press conference at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016
Måns Zelmerlöw and Petra Mede, hosts of the Eurovision Song Contest 2016.

After his victory in the 2015 contest, Måns Zelmerlöw announced his interest in hosting the 2016 contest.[28] His experience as a television presenter includes Melodifestivalen 2010[29] and SVT sing-along show Allsång på Skansen.[30] Christer Björkman told Expressen on 25 May that Gina Dirawi, Petra Mede and Sanna Nielsen were also being considered as hosts,[31] but it was reported on 1 June that SVT was considering Zelmerlöw and Dolph Lundgren as co-hosts.[32] Expressen reported on 19 August that Mede and Zelmerlöw were SVT's first choice of hosts,[33] with SVT announcing at a press conference on 14 December that they would indeed co-host.[34]

The press conferences were presented by Jovan Radomir and Catarina Rolfsdotter-Jansson, who also provided commentary from the red carpet event in front of the Stockholm Palace, before the official welcome party at Stockholm City Hall on 8 May 2016.[35][36]

Semi-final allocation draw[edit]

The draw to determine the allocation of the participating countries into their respective semi-finals took place at Stockholm City Hall on 25 January 2016, hosted by Alexandra Pascalidou and Jovan Radomir.[37] The first part of the draw determined in which semi-final the "Big Five" and Sweden would have to vote. The second part of the draw decided in which half of the respective semi-finals each country would perform, with the exact running order determined by the producers of the show at a later date. The EBU originally announced that the running order would be revealed on 5 April,[38] however for undisclosed reasons this was later put back to 8 April.[39] Eighteen countries participated in the first semi-final, while nineteen countries were planned to participate in the second semi-final, but this was reduced to eighteen on 22 April due to the forced withdrawal of Romania. From each semi-final, ten countries joined the "Big 5" and Sweden in the final, where a total of twenty-six countries participated.

The thirty-seven semi-finalists were allocated into six pots, which were published by the EBU on 21 January, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helps in reducing the chance of so-called neighbour voting and increasing suspense in the semi-finals. Sweden and Germany were pre-allocated to vote and perform in the first and second semi-final respectively due to requests from their respective broadcaster, which were approved by the EBU.[40][41]

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4 Pot 5 Pot 6

Opening and interval acts[edit]

Justin Timberlake performed "Can't Stop the Feeling!" during the interval of the final.

It was announced on 1 May 2016 that the opening act of the first semi-final would be a performance of "Heroes" by Måns Zelmerlöw,[42] while the opening act of the second semi-final would be a musical theatre comedy song entitled "That's Eurovision", composed by Matheson Bayley and written by Bayley, Edward af Sillén and Daniel Réhn, and performed by Zelmerlöw and Mede.[43] The opening act of the final was a parade of flags similar to final opening ceremonies since 2013, themed as a tribute to Swedish fashion design and dance music with artists being welcomed on stage in a catwalk fashion show with flags being projected onto 26 dresses designed by Bea Szenfeld.[44]

The interval acts of both semi-finals were sketches choreographed by Fredrik Rydman: "The Grey People" in the first semi-final and "Man meets machine" in the second semi-final respectively. The EBU announced on 9 May that one of the interval acts of the final would be a world premiere live performance of "Can't Stop the Feeling!" and "Rock Your Body" by Justin Timberlake.[45] He was the first "global megastar" in the contest's 61-year-history to perform during the interval.[46] Other interval acts in the final included a sketch called "Love Love Peace Peace", a pastiche of past entries such as No Name's song "Zauvijek moja" featuring appearances from Lordi and Alexander Rybak, winners of the contest in 2006 and 2009 respectively and performed by Zelmerlöw and Mede,[47] a sketch starring Lynda Woodruff, played by Sarah Dawn Finer, and a performance by "Fire in the Rain" and "Heroes" by Zelmerlöw, both from his latest album Perfectly Damaged.[48]

During the live broadcast of the final on Logo TV in the United States, Timberlake's performance was replaced by a reprise of "The Grey People" from the first semi-final. In an interview with The Guardian, the contest's Executive Supervisor, Jon Ola Sand, revealed that this was due to rights restrictions.[49][50][51]

Participating countries[edit]

  Participating countries in the first semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the first semi-final
  Participating countries in the second semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the second semi-final

Participating countries had until 15 September 2015 to submit their applications for participation in the contest, and until 10 October to withdraw their applications without facing financial sanctions.[52] The EBU had initially announced on 26 November that 43 countries would participate in the contest, equalling the record number of participants set in 2008 and 2011.[53] However, Romania were forcefully withdrawn from participation on 22 April 2016, subsequently reducing the number of participating countries to 42.[54]

Four countries returned after absences from recent contests: Bosnia and Herzegovina after 2012, Bulgaria and Croatia after 2013 and Ukraine after 2014. Australia also returned after debuting as a special guest in 2015, but by invitation of the EBU due to the associate membership status of the Special Broadcasting Service. However, instead of pre-qualifying for the final and voting in all three live shows, as was the case in 2015, Australia entered the second semi-final and voted only in that semi-final and the final. Portugal withdrew, largely due to their national broadcaster's insufficient promotion of their music-based media, as well as a poorly structured selection process,[55] while Romania were forcefully withdrawn from participation on 22 April 2016 due to repeated non-payment of debts by their national broadcaster to the EBU.[54]

Returning artists[edit]

Seven artists returned after having previously participated in the contest. Deen returned after previously representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2004, finishing ninth in the final with the song "In The Disco".[56]

Kaliopi returned after previously representing Macedonia in 2012, finishing 13th in the final with the song "Crno i belo". She was also selected to represent Macedonia in 1996 with "Samo ti", but was eliminated in a non-televised pre-qualifying round.[57]

Poli Genova returned after previously representing Bulgaria in 2011, finishing 12th in the second semi-final with the song "Na inat".[58]

Bojan Jovović returned for Montenegro as part of Highway after previously representing Serbia and Montenegro in 2005 as part of No Name, finishing seventh in the final with the song "Zauvijek moja".[59]

Ira Losco returned after previously representing Malta in 2002, finishing in second place with the song "7th Wonder".[60]

Donny Montell returned after previously representing Lithuania in 2012, finishing 14th in the final with the song "Love Is Blind".[61]

Greta Salóme returned after previously representing Iceland in 2012 with Jónsi, finishing 20th in the final with the song "Never Forget".[62]

Armenian backing vocalist Monica previously represented Armenia in Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2008

Sahlene, who represented Estonia in Eurovision Song Contest 2002, returned as a backing vocalist for Australia.

Martina Majerle, who represented Slovenia in 2009 and provided backing vocals numerous times for Croatia 2003, Montenegro 2008, 2014 and Slovenia 2007, 2011, 2012, returned as a backing vocalist for Croatia.

Semi-final 1[edit]

Eighteen countries participated in the first semi-final. France, Spain, and Sweden voted in this semi-final.[41][63] The highlighted countries qualified for the final.[64]

Draw[65] Country[66] Artist[66] Song[66] Language Place[67] Points
01  Finland Sandhja "Sing It Away" English 15 51
02  Greece Argo "Utopian Land" English, Greek3 16 44
03  Moldova Lidia Isac "Falling Stars" English 17 33
04  Hungary Freddie "Pioneer" English 4 197
05  Croatia Nina Kraljić "Lighthouse" English 10 133
06  Netherlands Douwe Bob "Slow Down" English 5 197
07  Armenia Iveta Mukuchyan "LoveWave" English 2 243
08  San Marino Serhat "I Didn't Know" English 12 68
09  Russia Sergey Lazarev "You Are the Only One" English 1 342
10  Czech Republic Gabriela Gunčíková "I Stand" English 9 161
11  Cyprus Minus One "Alter Ego" English 8 164
12  Austria Zoë "Loin d'ici" French 7 170
13  Estonia Jüri Pootsmann "Play" English 18 24
14  Azerbaijan Samra "Miracle" English 6 185
15  Montenegro Highway "The Real Thing" English 13 60
16  Iceland Greta Salóme "Hear Them Calling" English 14 51
17  Bosnia and Herzegovina Dalal & Deen feat. Ana Rucner and Jala "Ljubav je" Bosnian 11 104
18  Malta Ira Losco "Walk on Water" English 3 209

Semi-final 2[edit]

Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final.[41][63] Romania were originally planned to perform twelfth in this semi-final, but were forced to withdraw due to repeated non-payment of debts to the EBU, resulting in countries originally planned to perform thirteenth or later to do so one place earlier.[54] The highlighted countries qualified for the final.[68]

Draw[65] Country[69] Artist[69] Song[69] Language Place[70] Points
01  Latvia Justs "Heartbeat" English 8 132
02  Poland Michał Szpak "Color of Your Life" English 6 151
03   Switzerland Rykka "The Last of Our Kind" English 18 28
04  Israel Hovi Star "Made of Stars" English 7 147
05  Belarus Ivan "Help You Fly" English 12 84
06  Serbia Sanja Vučić ZAA "Goodbye (Shelter)" English 10 105
07  Ireland Nicky Byrne "Sunlight" English 15 46
08  Macedonia Kaliopi "Dona" (Дона) Macedonian 11 88
09  Lithuania Donny Montell "I've Been Waiting for This Night" English 4 222
10  Australia Dami Im "Sound of Silence" English 1 330
11  Slovenia ManuElla "Blue and Red" English 14 57
12  Bulgaria Poli Genova "If Love Was a Crime" English, Bulgarian 5 220
13  Denmark Lighthouse X "Soldiers of Love" English 17 34
14  Ukraine Jamala "1944" English, Crimean Tatar 2 287
15  Norway Agnete "Icebreaker" English 13 63
16  Georgia Nika Kocharov & Young Georgian Lolitaz "Midnight Gold" English 9 123
17  Albania Eneda Tarifa "Fairytale" English 16 45
18  Belgium Laura Tesoro "What's the Pressure" English 3 274

Final[edit]

26 countries participated in the final, with all 42 participating countries eligible to vote. The running order for the final was revealed after the second semi-final qualifiers' press conference on 13 May.[71]

Draw Country[72] Artist[72] Song[72] Language Place Points
01  Belgium Laura Tesoro "What's the Pressure" English 10 181
02  Czech Republic Gabriela Gunčíková "I Stand" English 25 41
03  Netherlands Douwe Bob "Slow Down" English 11 153
04  Azerbaijan Samra "Miracle" English 17 117
05  Hungary Freddie "Pioneer" English 19 108
06  Italy Francesca Michielin "No Degree of Separation" Italian, English 16 124
07  Israel Hovi Star "Made of Stars" English 14 135
08  Bulgaria Poli Genova "If Love Was a Crime" English, Bulgarian 4 307
09  Sweden Frans "If I Were Sorry" English 5 261
10  Germany Jamie-Lee "Ghost" English 26 11
11  France Amir "J'ai cherché" French, English 6 257
12  Poland Michał Szpak "Color of Your Life" English 8 229
13  Australia Dami Im "Sound of Silence" English 2 511
14  Cyprus Minus One "Alter Ego" English 21 96
15  Serbia Sanja Vučić ZAA "Goodbye (Shelter)" English 18 115
16  Lithuania Donny Montell "I've Been Waiting for This Night" English 9 200
17  Croatia Nina Kraljić "Lighthouse" English 23 73
18  Russia Sergey Lazarev "You Are the Only One" English 3 491
19  Spain Barei "Say Yay!" English 22 77
20  Latvia Justs "Heartbeat" English 15 132
21  Ukraine Jamala "1944" English, Crimean Tatar 1 534
22  Malta Ira Losco "Walk on Water" English 12 153
23  Georgia Nika Kocharov & Young Georgian Lolitaz "Midnight Gold" English 20 104
24  Austria Zoë "Loin d'ici" French 13 151
25  United Kingdom Joe and Jake "You're Not Alone" English 24 62
26  Armenia Iveta Mukuchyan "LoveWave" English 7 249

Scoreboard[edit]

Semi-final 1[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[73]
Total score
Televoting score
Finland
Greece
Moldova
Hungary
Croatia
Netherlands
Armenia
San Marino
Russia
Czech Republic
Cyprus
Austria
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Malta
France
Spain
Sweden
Contestants
Finland 51 16 4 2 8 7 2 5 3 4
Greece 44 22 3 7 3 6 3
Moldova 33 9 3 6 6 5 4
Hungary 197 119 7 3 8 3 4 12 6 5 8 1 2 4 5 10
Croatia 133 53 5 5 3 12 2 1 1 6 7 7 3 7 7 5 6 3
Netherlands 197 95 12 1 4 6 2 4 12 10 6 12 2 12 1 8 4 6
Armenia 243 116 7 10 10 5 5 5 12 10 5 2 12 5 7 12 3 12 5
San Marino 68 49 3 10 6
Russia 342 194 6 12 12 10 6 1 7 3 12 8 1 12 8 10 8 10 2 8 12
Czech Republic 161 41 10 8 8 12 4 5 4 5 5 10 6 2 4 8 12 3 1 6 7
Cyprus 164 93 8 7 2 10 10 8 1 10 1 8 4 1 1
Austria 170 133 3 2 6 5 2 4 1 12 2
Estonia 24 15 1 2 2 1 1 2
Azerbaijan 185 93 2 5 7 3 7 6 10 3 4 4 7 5 3 6 7 5 8
Montenegro 60 14 6 10 10 3 7 3 7
Iceland 51 24 4 1 1 7 4 1 3 4 2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 104 78 1 4 1 2 2 10 6
Malta 209 54 8 4 6 12 7 8 12 5 8 8 8 12 8 4 10 6 2 10 7 10
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[73]
Total score
Jury score
Finland
Greece
Moldova
Hungary
Croatia
Netherlands
Armenia
San Marino
Russia
Czech Republic
Cyprus
Austria
Estonia
Azerbaijan
Montenegro
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Malta
France
Spain
Sweden
Contestants
Finland 51 35 1 7 2 6
Greece 44 22 7 3 12
Moldova 33 24 5 2 2
Hungary 197 78 4 7 6 8 6 6 7 6 6 6 8 5 7 6 6 1 8 7 5 4
Croatia 133 80 2 4 2 5 3 4 2 1 6 8 12 1 2 1
Netherlands 197 102 6 2 6 5 4 6 3 4 10 8 4 10 7 4 6 10
Armenia 243 127 1 8 8 2 3 12 8 12 12 7 4 1 3 3 3 4 12 10 3
San Marino 68 19 3 6 4 5 4 5 4 10 2 1 5
Russia 342 148 8 10 10 10 10 8 12 12 8 10 7 12 12 10 12 7 12 8 8 8
Czech Republic 161 120 3 3 3 4 2 2 2 1 1 3 1 4 2 3 7
Cyprus 164 71 7 12 7 2 3 8 5 8 4 2 6 1 5 5 2 6 5 3 2
Austria 170 37 10 5 7 8 7 10 5 3 10 5 3 10 6 8 6 1 10 12 7
Estonia 24 9 12 1 2
Azerbaijan 185 92 12 12 10 7 10 8 7 7 10 10
Montenegro 60 46 6 8
Iceland 51 27 5 1 3 3 3 4 5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 104 26 12 7 1 4 7 12 5 12 6 12
Malta 209 155 1 5 4 1 1 10 2 1 5 2 8 4 4 5 1

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
5 Russia Azerbaijan, Cyprus, Greece, Moldova, Sweden
4 Armenia Malta, Montenegro, Russia, Spain
Netherlands Estonia, Finland, Iceland, San Marino
3 Malta Armenia, Austria, Hungary
2 Czech Republic Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia
1 Austria France
Croatia Netherlands
Hungary Czech Republic
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
6 Russia Armenia, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Iceland, Malta, San Marino
4 Armenia Czech Republic, France, Netherlands, Russia
Bosnia and Herzegovina Austria, Croatia, Montenegro, Sweden
2 Azerbaijan Hungary, Moldova
1 Austria Spain
Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cyprus Greece
Estonia Finland
Greece Cyprus

Semi-final 2[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[74]
Total score
Televoting score
Latvia
Poland
Switzerland
Israel
Belarus
Serbia
Ireland
Macedonia
Lithuania
Australia
Slovenia
Bulgaria
Denmark
Ukraine
Norway
Georgia
Albania
Belgium
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Latvia 132 68 6 6 7 4 2 7 10 3 6 2 5 1 5
Poland 151 131 1 3 3 1 4 3 2 3
Switzerland 28 3 1 5 1 7 2 7 1 1
Israel 147 20 2 8 10 1 7 7 6 6 10 4 5 5 7 5 6 4 10 12 8 4
Belarus 84 52 1 4 1 2 6 2 6 5 2 3
Serbia 105 50 5 1 3 5 12 3 8 3 8 2 5
Ireland 46 31 2 4 2 3 2 2
Macedonia 88 54 8 12 2 12
Lithuania 222 118 12 3 8 4 10 5 3 5 7 1 3 10 8 8 2 3 3 1 8
Australia 330 142 8 10 12 12 8 4 6 4 12 5 12 12 12 12 8 10 12 7 12 10
Slovenia 57 8 3 6 8 7 1 4 1 6 7 6
Bulgaria 220 122 7 5 4 3 4 2 10 8 2 8 6 7 10 7 6 4 5
Denmark 34 24 3 4 3
Ukraine 287 152 10 12 5 10 7 10 10 8 8 4 1 6 12 5 5 6 10 6
Norway 63 34 2 6 4 5 6 1 4 1
Georgia 123 39 6 7 5 2 3 1 1 10 7 4 1 8 10 7 12
Albania 45 35 8 2
Belgium 274 135 4 2 7 6 12 12 3 5 12 12 10 8 10 7 10 8 4 7
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[74]
Total score
Jury score
Latvia
Poland
Switzerland
Israel
Belarus
Serbia
Ireland
Macedonia
Lithuania
Australia
Slovenia
Bulgaria
Denmark
Ukraine
Norway
Georgia
Albania
Belgium
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Latvia 132 64 5 5 7 7 12 5 2 3 3 8 3 3 5
Poland 151 20 4 7 6 6 1 10 1 7 4 6 6 12 10 7 12 12 10 10
Switzerland 28 25 3
Israel 147 127 1 2 6 2 2 1 1 1 2 2
Belarus 84 32 7 8 3 5 1 6 4 1 10 6 1
Serbia 105 55 12 10 2 12 5 2 1 6
Ireland 46 15 1 2 2 1 1 7 4 2 4 7
Macedonia 88 34 4 2 12 4 10 8 12 2
Lithuania 222 104 10 3 5 10 12 8 3 7 6 12 10 4 8 4 4 12
Australia 330 188 8 10 6 12 7 7 8 4 5 6 7 8 7 8 4 6 10 10 3 6
Slovenia 57 49 4 3 1
Bulgaria 220 98 3 4 3 10 8 8 5 8 3 10 5 3 5 6 5 7 7 7 7 8
Denmark 34 10 2 1 1 4 3 1 5 2 5
Ukraine 287 135 12 12 5 7 12 6 4 6 10 3 8 12 5 4 12 5 6 8 12 3
Norway 63 29 3 3 2 2 2 1 10 1 10
Georgia 123 84 5 7 2 2 8 1 8 5 1
Albania 45 10 10 12 3 2 8
Belgium 274 139 6 6 8 8 4 10 6 5 4 12 7 10 12 4 7 3 8 6 5 4

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points award by each country's professional jury in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
9 Australia Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Israel, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Switzerland, Ukraine
4 Belgium Australia, Belarus, Ireland, Slovenia
2 Macedonia Albania, Serbia
Ukraine Georgia, Poland
1 Georgia United Kingdom
Israel Germany
Lithuania Latvia
Serbia Macedonia
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
6 Ukraine Belarus, Bulgaria, Georgia, Italy, Latvia, Poland
3 Poland Belgium, Germany, Ukraine
Lithuania Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
2 Belgium Australia, Denmark
Macedonia Albania, Serbia
Serbia Slovenia, Switzerland
1 Albania Macedonia
Australia Israel
Latvia Lithuania

Final[edit]

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[75]
Total score
Televoting score
Austria
Iceland
Azerbaijan
San Marino
Czech Republic
Ireland
Georgia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Malta
Spain
Finland
Switzerland
Denmark
France
Moldova
Armenia
Cyprus
Bulgaria
Netherlands
Latvia
Israel
Belarus
Germany
Russia
Norway
Australia
Belgium
United Kingdom
Croatia
Greece
Lithuania
Serbia
Macedonia
Albania
Estonia
Ukraine
Italy
Poland
Slovenia
Hungary
Montenegro
Sweden
Contestants Belgium 181 51 5 3 2 12 10 10 8 4 10 4 6 4 5 5 12 5 4 10 8 3
Czech Republic 41 0 4 5 2 6 3 1 1 10 4 2 3
Netherlands 153 39 12 4 7 8 3 10 5 7 7 2 3 4 6 3 4 5 2 6 4 1 6 5
Azerbaijan 117 73 1 2 2 1 2 10 1 1 7 7 10
Hungary 108 56 4 2 10 10 4 1 5 3 1 2 3 7
Italy 124 34 10 6 8 5 2 2 12 3 6 3 12 10 3 8
Israel 135 11 3 4 3 1 1 7 8 2 5 7 2 12 3 10 2 3 7 6 7 5 3 6 8 7 2
Bulgaria 307 180 8 10 3 10 1 6 10 7 1 7 1 8 8 6 5 2 4 10 4 1 3 10 2
Sweden 261 139 8 6 12 5 6 12 4 5 6 10 8 8 10 12 4 2 4
Germany 11 10 1
France 257 109 7 2 5 3 4 7 6 7 1 12 7 5 8 7 6 8 6 8 6 1 10 1 7 1 5 8
Poland 229 222 2 1 3 1
Australia 511 191 12 10 7 8 10 3 8 8 12 10 6 10 5 10 8 12 5 10 6 6 2 10 12 8 12 7 12 6 8 12 10 5 6 10 6 12 4 12
Cyprus 96 53 5 5 2 6 4 7 1 8 4 1
Serbia 115 80 8 5 2 2 7 5 6
Lithuania 200 96 1 5 3 5 6 7 5 4 1 10 1 10 1 2 7 4 8 5 12 2 3 2
Croatia 73 33 6 7 8 2 4 1 1 3 1 1 6
Russia 491 361 3 8 12 7 5 4 4 1 7 2 12 6 7 12 6 12 1 7 8 6
Spain 77 10 1 2 1 3 8 3 4 4 7 5 6 12 5 5 1
Latvia 132 63 1 1 7 3 5 2 3 7 3 8 8 6 7 8
Ukraine 534 323 10 12 12 12 6 12 12 3 12 12 7 7 4 2 3 10 2 8 12 12 7 10 12 12
Malta 153 16 10 4 6 3 6 6 5 4 3 8 6 7 4 5 8 4 10 2 2 5 10 12 7
Georgia 104 24 6 10 3 8 5 7 12 5 10 3 3 8
Austria 151 120 1 1 4 4 8 8 5
United Kingdom 62 8 8 4 7 12 3 6 4 2 5 3
Armenia 249 134 2 2 7 12 2 5 8 12 2 6 2 3 12 4 10 4 3 4 1 10 4
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[75]
Total Score
Jury score
Austria
Iceland
Azerbaijan
San Marino
Czech Republic
Ireland
Georgia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Malta
Spain
Finland
Switzerland
Denmark
France
Moldova
Armenia
Cyprus
Bulgaria
Netherlands
Latvia
Israel
Belarus
Germany
Russia
Norway
Australia
Belgium
United Kingdom
Croatia
Greece
Lithuania
Serbia
Macedonia
Albania
Estonia
Ukraine
Italy
Poland
Slovenia
Hungary
Montenegro
Sweden
Contestants Belgium 181 130 3 8 4 12 1 2 12 5 4
Czech Republic 41 41
Netherlands 153 114 6 6 3 7 3 10 2 2
Azerbaijan 117 44 1 6 7 8 6 8 1 3 2 8 6 10 7
Hungary 108 52 7 1 3 2 1 5 3 4 3 3 2 2 10 1 6 3
Italy 124 90 7 3 7 1 1 10 1 4
Israel 135 124 6 3 2
Bulgaria 307 127 5 8 3 5 5 3 2 8 12 4 5 2 12 1 1 7 4 4 5 10 5 8 1 7 8 10 8 2 7 3 2 4 5 4
Sweden 261 122 7 12 4 2 2 1 10 12 2 2 1 3 2 7 2 8 2 7 1 1 7 7 1 3 10 1 10 5 7
Germany 11 1 2 8
France 257 148 1 5 4 4 2 10 3 3 2 6 7 6 4 12 3 1 7 8 2 4 3 2 5 1 1 3
Poland 229 7 12 10 3 7 7 10 4 5 5 5 5 7 1 2 6 10 5 4 6 10 5 10 12 10 4 3 6 2 5 1 8 10 4 8 10
Australia 511 320 3 8 2 5 1 6 1 3 12 4 7 1 10 5 5 5 5 6 5 1 5 4 8 4 6 5 5 5 6 3 12 4 4 7 3 3 12
Cyprus 96 43 1 6 7 7 2 12 3 3 6 1 5
Serbia 115 35 4 12 12 12 12 4 12 12
Lithuania 200 104 4 8 12 5 6 3 3 8 12 1 12 4 5 3 2 2 6
Croatia 73 40 10 4 5 8 6
Russia 491 130 8 7 12 10 10 8 8 6 10 8 8 6 4 6 12 12 10 12 3 12 10 12 12 6 5 6 7 8 10 8 12 8 7 12 12 8 8 10 10 10 8
Spain 77 67 2 1 2 4 1
Latvia 132 69 6 7 6 2 1 5 1 3 3 12 7 5 5
Ukraine 534 211 10 10 12 12 4 10 7 4 7 12 4 3 10 10 10 7 10 7 10 8 10 6 10 4 8 2 5 10 6 10 7 6 6 8 12 12 7 12 8 7
Malta 153 137 5 5 6
Georgia 104 80 1 8 2 4 6 3
Austria 151 31 2 4 1 5 2 6 10 1 8 4 4 4 6 4 3 7 8 3 3 6 1 1 6 4 6 6 5
United Kingdom 62 54 3 1 4
Armenia 249 115 2 8 12 6 12 7 8 8 8 6 7 2 12 7 8 2 7 2 7 1 2

12 points[edit]

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

Jury[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
11 Ukraine Bosnia and Herzegovina, Denmark, Georgia, Israel, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia
9 Australia Albania, Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Hungary, Lithuania, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland
4 Russia Azerbaijan, Belarus, Cyprus, Greece
3 Armenia Bulgaria, Russia, Spain
Sweden Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland
2 Belgium Australia, Ireland
Italy France, Norway
1 France Armenia
Georgia United Kingdom
Israel Germany
Lithuania Ukraine
Malta Montenegro
Netherlands Iceland
Spain Italy
United Kingdom Malta
Televoting[edit]

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
10 Russia Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine
6 Serbia Bosnia&Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Switzerland
Ukraine Czech Republic, Finland, Hungary, Italy, Poland, San Marino
3 Armenia France, Georgia, Russia
Australia Albania, Malta, Sweden
Lithuania Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
2 Belgium Australia, Netherlands
Bulgaria Cyprus, Spain
Poland Austria, Belgium
Sweden Denmark, Iceland
1 Cyprus Greece
France Israel
Latvia Lithuania

While no country received nul points when the two sets of points were combined, the Czech Republic received nul points in televoting.

Other countries[edit]

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that would be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network.[76] The EBU issued an invitation of participation in the contest to all fifty-six active members and associate member Australia, with forty-three countries confirming their participation.[53] Morocco, Tunisia and five other countries did not publish their reasons for declining, however the following countries declined to participate, stating their reasons as shown below.

Active EBU members[edit]

  •  AndorraRàdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) announced on 2 September 2015 that Andorra would not participate in the contest.[77]
  •  LebanonTélé Liban (TL) had not ruled out participation as of 15 October 2015, stating in an email: "We are not sure yet, however we are working on it and will keep you updated".[78] However, Lebanon was not on the final list of participating countries announced by the EBU on 26 November.
  •  LuxembourgRTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced on 4 September 2015 that Luxembourg would not participate in the contest, due to the financial and organisational strain of a potential participation on the channel, especially with a small financial budget.[79]
  •  MonacoTélé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced on 21 July 2015 that Monaco would not participate in the contest.[80]
  •  PortugalRádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP) had encouraged viewers to suggest changes to their selection process, assuming they had chosen to participate in the contest. Portugal has failed to qualify for the final since 2010, which the majority of the Portuguese public believe is because of RTP's current selection format, Festival da Canção.[55] Kátia Aveiro, sister of Cristiano Ronaldo, had launched a campaign on Twitter asking fans to back her bid to represent Portugal.[81] However, RTP announced on 7 October 2015 that Portugal would not participate in the 2016 contest, adding that they were looking forward to participating in the 2017 contest with a restructured selection process.[82] RTP's ombudsman, Jaime Fernandes, stated on 7 November during the television show A Voz do Cidadão that the withdrawal was due not only to poor results in previous contests, but also RTP's rather insufficient promotion of music-related content.[83]
  •  Romania – Romania had originally confirmed their participation in the contest with the song "Moment of Silence", performed by Ovidiu Anton. However, the EBU announced on 22 April 2016 that Televiziunea Română (TVR) had repeatedly failed to pay debts totalling CHF 16 million (14.56 million) by 20 April, the deadline set by the EBU. TVR's failure to repay their debts resulted in their withdrawal from the EBU, and consequently Romania's withdrawal from the contest.[84] This has led to strong reactions against the decision.[85]
  •  SlovakiaRozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) returned to the Eurovision Young Dancers in 2015, with RTVS explaining that the return of Slovakia to EYD supported domestic production and promoted national culture at a European level. RTVS announced on 28 September 2015 that Slovakia would not participate in the contest.[86] RTVS' PR manager, Juraj Kadáš, explained on 12 April 2016 that Slovakia's absence from the contest since 2012 was not due to poor results, but rather the cost associated with participation.[87]
  •  Turkey – The EBU announced on 2 October 2015 that despite speculation surrounding their participation, Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu (TRT) had yet to make a final decision.[88] However, TRT announced on 3 November that Turkey would not participate in the contest, adding their discontent at the introduction of a mixed voting system to the contest and the pre-qualification of the Big Five for the final. It was later revealed that singer Atiye would have gone to Eurovision 2016.[89][90][91]

Associate EBU members[edit]

  •  Kazakhstan – The EBU announced on 18 December 2015 that Khabar Agency would have associate EBU membership from 1 January 2016. However, Kazakhstan would be unable to debut at the contest as eligibility for participation requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership.[92]

EBU non-members[edit]

  •  ChinaHunan Television announced its interest in participating in the contest on 22 May 2015, with the EBU responding, saying that "we are open and are always looking for new elements in each Eurovision Song Contest".[93] However, on 3 June, the EBU denied that China would debut at the contest as a guest or full participant.[94]
  •  Faroe Islands – Faroese publication Portal reported on 9 June 2015 that Kringvarp Føroya (KVF) had applied for active EBU membership, a requisite for participation in the contest. However, it was rejected due to the islands' membership of the Danish Realm. Faroese Education Minister Bjørn Kalsø supported participation, saying "the justification so far has been that the countries have to be acknowledged by the United Nations as independent in order to participate. But there is no doubt that we could easily overstep those barriers, if we’re absolutely determined to reach this goal … it is completely up to Kringvarpið … to renew the application regularly, and show the EBU that the Faroe Islands are an equal match to other countries when it comes to participation in the Eurovision Song Contest."[95][96]
  •  Kosovo – Kosovan Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Petrit Selimi tweeted on 23 May 2015 that Kosovo, which is not recognised by 15 states in Europe and does not have a national broadcaster with active EBU membership, would debut at the contest. Selimi tweeted that he knew that Kosovo would participate, but did not elaborate on how it would come about.[97] However, on 3 June, the EBU denied that Kosovo would debut at the contest, as Radio Televizioni i Kosovës (RTK) has neither active nor associate EBU membership.[94]
  •  Liechtenstein1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1FLTV) announced on 16 September 2015 that Liechtenstein would be unable to debut at the contest due to insufficient funding for EBU membership.[98]

Incidents[edit]

Forced Romanian withdrawal[edit]

Romania's participation was reported to be in danger on 19 April 2016 due to repeated non-payment of debts by Televiziunea Română (TVR) to the EBU, totalling CHF 16 million (€14.56 million) dating back to January 2007.[99][100] The EBU had requested the Romanian government to repay the debt before 20 April or face exclusion from the contest. The EBU announced on 22 April that after the Romanian government had failed to repay the debt by the deadline, TVR were forced to withdraw from the EBU, consequently forcing the withdrawal of Romania from the contest.[101][102] The Director General of the EBU, Ingrid Deltenre, said that while "it is regrettable that we are forced to take this action […] The continued indebtedness of TVR jeopardizes the financial stability of the EBU itself".[103]

However, because the official album of the contest had been produced before the withdrawal, the planned Romanian entry, "Moment of Silence", performed by Ovidiu Anton, would remain on both digital and physical copies of the album.[54] The song had been written following the Colectiv nightclub fire in October 2015.[104]

German artist replacement[edit]

Norddeutscher Rundfunk (NDR) announced on 19 November 2015 that Xavier Naidoo would represent Germany in the contest. However, his selection was criticised due to his history of expressing far-right political views in his actions and lyrics, including a speech made at a protest in 2014 supporting the assertion that the German Reich continues to exist within its pre-World War II borders, his propagation of conspiracy theories surrounding the September 11 attacks and the 2008 financial crisis, and a song in which he referred to Baron Rothschild as "Baron Deadschild" and a "schmuck", as well as a collaboration with Kool Savas titled "Wo sind sie jetzt?", which contained homophobic lyrics which were interpreted as associating homosexuality with paedophilia. Critics of his selection included Johannes Kahrs, who branded the decision "unspeakable and embarrassing", the Amadeu Antonio Foundation and Bild.[105][106][107][108]

In light of the negative response and the need to quickly decide a new selection process, NDR withdrew its proposal to send Naidoo on 21 November. ARD co-ordinator Thomas Schreiber stated that "Xavier Naidoo is a brilliant singer who is, according to my own opinion, neither racist nor homophobe. It was clear that his nomination would polarise opinions, but we were surprised about the negative response. The Eurovision Song Contest is a fun event, in which music and the understanding between European people should be the focus. This characteristic must be kept at all costs."[106][109]

Russian jury votes[edit]

The EBU announced on 10 May 2016 that they were investigating reports of possible rule violations after Russian jury member Anastasia Stotskaya streamed footage of the Russian jury deliberation during the dress rehearsal of the first semi-final on 9 May on the live-streaming social media site Periscope.[110] The video showed one jury member not paying attention to the Dutch performance, while another jury member was filmed during the Armenian performance stating that she will support Armenia "because [her] husband is Armenian". The video also shows jury members on their phones during other performances, as well as a glimpse of Stotskaya's voting result, which also included notes evaluating performances. The rules of the contest stipulate that all jury members are to evaluate performances individually, without discussing the results with other jury members, a stipulation that was clearly violated by the Russian jury.[111]

The EBU released a statement later on 10 May, stating that following talks with Russia-1, the broadcaster proposed to withdraw Stotskaya, declaring her voting results to be invalid, and provide a replacement judge for the final on 14 May. The statement also clarified that the other four jury members submitted a valid jury vote. The EBU also stated that while streaming a video online from the jury deliberation is not considered to be a breach of the rules of the contest, so long as individual rankings, combined rankings or jury points are kept confidential until after the final, it regards Stotskaya's actions "as not in keeping with the spirit of the contest and potentially prejudicial as it imposes a potential risk of accidentally revealing results".[112]

Protests over official flag policy[edit]

In ensuring the apolitical nature of the contest and the safety of attendees, the EBU released an official flag policy on 29 April 2016, which included a list of flags which would be banned from the three live shows. The President of the Basque Country, Iñigo Urkullu, and the Spanish Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, José Manuel García-Margallo, protested at the specific inclusion of the flag of the Basque Country alongside other flags such as those of some unrecognised nations and the Islamic State, and called on the organisers of the contest to rectify the issue.[113][114] Radiotelevisión Española (RTVE) also expressed their concern to the EBU and requested a rectification,[115] with the EBU responding, saying that while the flag of the Basque Country is not specifically forbidden, it is an example of a banned flag, adding that only the "official national flags of the 42 participating countries, or from one of the countries that have recently taken part", "official national flags of any of the other United Nations member states", the flag of the European Union and the rainbow flag were permitted.[116][117]

The EBU issued a statement later on 29 April, clarifying that it was not their intention to publish such a document, while acknowledging that the decision to publish a selection of flags of organisations and territories, each of which were "of a very different nature", was an insensitive one, and apologised for any offence caused by the publication of the original flag policy. The EBU also called on both the Ericsson Globe and the contest's official ticketing partner AXS to publish an updated flag policy which did not include examples of banned flags.[115]

The EBU released another statement on 6 May, stating that after discussing the matter with several participating delegations, the organisers of the contest had "agreed to relax the flag policy, and to allow national, regional and local flags of the participants" such as the Welsh flag (as Joe Woolford, representing the United Kingdom as part of Joe and Jake, is Welsh) and the Sami flag (as Agnete, representing Norway, is of Sami heritage), as well as the flags of all UN member states, the flag of the EU and the rainbow flag, as stated in the original flag policy. The EBU also proposed a more tolerant approach to other flags as long as attendees respect the apolitical nature of the contest and do not attempt to deliberately obstruct the camera views. Such a proposal was approved by the contest's Reference Group.[118][119][120]

The Spanish Embassy in Stockholm filed a formal complaint to Swedish police on 15 May after a Spanish citizen carrying the flag of the Basque Country had his flag confiscated by security personnel and was asked along with two of his compatriots to leave the venue. After an urgent intervention by the Spanish Consul, who was present in the arena, the flag was returned to the attendees and they were permitted to return to the venue.[121]

Nagorno-Karabakh flag dispute[edit]

Despite the official flag policy published by the EBU allowing only "national, regional and local flags of the participants" and banning the flag of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic,[122] during the first voting recap of the first semi-final on 10 May, Armenian artist Iveta Mukuchyan was filmed in the green room holding the flag of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, sparking condemnation from the Azerbaijani press.[123][124] The situation further escalated during the semi-final qualifiers' press conference afterwards, where a member of the Azerbaijani press criticised the Armenian delegation and the EBU for allowing the flag to be shown during the show.[125] Responding to a question on the incident from a journalist from Aftonbladet, Mukuchyan stated: "My thoughts are with my Motherland. I want peace everywhere."[126] Commenting on the situation, Azerbaijani artist Samra Rahimli stated that "Eurovision is a song contest and it's all about music."[127]

The EBU and the contest's Reference Group released a joint statement on 11 May, strongly condemning Mukuchyan's actions during the first voting recap of the first semi-final and considering it "harmful" to the overall image of the contest. The Reference Group consequently sanctioned Public Television of Armenia (AMPTV), citing a breach of the rule stating that "no messages promoting any organisation, institution, political cause or other causes shall be allowed in the shows". Furthermore, the Reference Group has pointed out that a further breach of the rules of the contest could lead to disqualification from the contest or future contests.[128] The spokesman for the Azerbaijani Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Hikmet Hajiyev, called Mukuchyan's actions "provocative" and unacceptable, claiming that "the Armenian side deliberately resorts to such steps to encourage and promote the illegal formation created in the occupied Azerbaijani territories".[129]

Danish jury result[edit]

BT revealed on 15 May 2016 that Danish professional jury member Hilda Heick, wife of Keld Heick who co-wrote eight Danish entries, had submitted her ranking for the final and the semifinal 2 the wrong way round,[130] ranking her favourite entry 26th while ranking her least-favourite entry first, in direct opposition to what she had intended to do.[131] As a result of Heick's mistake, the points of the Danish jury would have been different:[132]

  • Instead of 10 points, Australia would have received 12.
  • Instead of 7 points, the Netherlands would have received 10.
  • Instead of 5 points, Lithuania would have received 1.
  • Instead of 4 points, Sweden would have received 7.
  • Instead of 2 points, Israel would have received 4.
  • Instead of 1 point, Spain would have received 5.
  • Instead of not receiving points at all, France and Russia would have received 2 and 3 points respectively.

The United Kingdom and Ukraine both would have failed to receive any points from the Danish jury. While the overall result was not affected, the margin between second-placed Australia and first-placed Ukraine would have been reduced from 23 points to nine.[133]

Petition[edit]

A petition was started on Change.org on 15 May 2016 calling on the EBU and the contest's organisers to void the final results in view of the fact that the overall winner only placed second in both the jury and televote.[134] The EBU responded that Ukraine "is, and will remain, the winner" of the contest, and that the result was "valid in accordance with the rules".[135]

Controversy over winning song release date[edit]

A video surfaced depicting Ukrainian Eurovision winner Jamala performing 1944 four months before the eligibility date for prior commercial releases.[136] However, the European Broadcasting Union "concluded that the song was eligible to compete", citing past relaxations of the rule.[137]

Other awards[edit]

The Marcel Bezençon Awards, the OGAE voting poll and the Barbara Dex Awards are awards that were contested by the entries competing at the Eurovision Song Contest 2016, in addition to the main winner's trophy.

Marcel Bezençon Awards[edit]

The Marcel Bezençon Awards were first handed out during the Eurovision Song Contest 2002 in Tallinn, Estonia, honouring the best competing songs in the final. Founded by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 Eurovision Song Contest and the current Head of Delegation for Sweden) and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys and the Eurovision Song Contest 1984 winner from Sweden), the awards are named after the creator of the annual competition, Marcel Bezençon.[138] The awards were divided into three categories: Press Award, Artistic Award, and Composer Award. The winners were revealed shortly before the final on 14 May.[139]

Category Country Song Performer(s) Composer(s)
Artistic Award  Ukraine "1944" Jamala Jamala
Composer Award  Australia "Sound of Silence" Dami Im Anthony Egizii, David Musumeci
Press Award  Russia "You Are the Only One" Sergey Lazarev Philipp Kirkorov, Dimitris Kontopoulos, John Ballard, Ralph Charlie

OGAE[edit]

Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision (more commonly known as OGAE) is an international organisation that was founded in 1984 in Savonlinna, Finland by Jari-Pekka Koikkalainen.[140] The organisation consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond, and is a non-governmental, non-political, and non-profit company.[141] In what has become an annual tradition for the OGAE fan clubs, a voting poll runs prior to the main Eurovision Song Contest allowing members from over 40 clubs to vote for their favourite songs of the 2016 contest. The 2016 OGAE Poll began on 4 April 2016 and finished on 2 May 2016. The table below shows the top 5 results.[142]

Country Performer(s) Song OGAE result[143]
 France Amir "J'ai cherché" 425
 Russia Sergey Lazarev "You Are the Only One" 392
 Australia Dami Im "Sound of Silence" 280
 Bulgaria Poli Genova "If Love Was a Crime" 175
 Italy Francesca Michielin "No Degree of Separation" 170

*Table reflects the final voting result from the 45 OGAE member clubs, with two clubs (OGAE Bulgaria and OGAE Moldova) abstaining from voting in this 2016 poll.

Barbara Dex Award[edit]

The Barbara Dex Award was annually awarded by the fan website House of Eurovision since 1997, and is a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist each year in the contest. It is named after the Belgian artist, Barbara Dex, who came last in the 1993, in which she wore her own self designed dress. After twenty editions, 2016 ended up being the final edition that the Barbara Dex Award was organised by House of Eurovision,[144] as they handed the reigns to another website, songfestival.be not long after the contest.

Place[145] Country[145] Performer(s)[145] Votes[145]
1  Croatia Nina Kraljić 770
2  Germany Jamie Lee 335
3   Switzerland Rykka 201
4  Bulgaria Poli Genova 140
5  Bosnia and Herzegovina Dalal & Deen feat. Ana Rucner and Jala 127

International broadcasts and voting[edit]

It was reported by the EBU that the contest was viewed by a worldwide television audience of over 200 million viewers,[146][147] beating the 2015 record which was viewed by 197 million.[148]

Voting and spokespersons[edit]

The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:[149]

  1.  AustriaKati Bellowitsch
  2.  IcelandUnnsteinn Manúel Stefánsson
  3.  Azerbaijan – Tural Asadov
  4.  San Marino – Irol MC
  5.  Czech Republic – Daniela Písařovicová
  6.  Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
  7.  GeorgiaNina Sublatti (Georgian representative in 2015)
  8.  Bosnia and Herzegovina – Ivana Crnogorac
  9.  Malta – Ben Camille (Co-presenter of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
  10.  SpainJota Abril
  11.  FinlandJussi-Pekka Rantanen
  12.   SwitzerlandSebalter (Swiss representative in 2014)
  13.  DenmarkUlla Essendrop
  14.  FranceÉlodie Gossuin
  15.  Moldova – Olivia Furtună
  16.  Armenia – Arman Margaryan
  17.  Cyprus – Loukas Hamatsos
  18.  Bulgaria – Anna Angelova
  19.  NetherlandsTrijntje Oosterhuis (Dutch representative in 2015)
  20.  Latvia – Toms Grēviņš
  21.  Israel – Ofer Nachshon
  22.  BelarusUzari (Belarusian representative in 2015)
  23.  GermanyBarbara Schöneberger
  24.  RussiaNyusha
  25.  NorwayElisabeth Andreassen (Norwegian representative in 1985, 1994 and 1996 contest; winner of the 1985 contest as part of Bobbysocks!; Swedish representative in the 1982 as part of Chips)
  26.  AustraliaLee Lin Chin
  27.  Belgium – Umesh Vangaver
  28.  United KingdomRichard Osman
  29.  Croatia – Nevena Rendeli
  30.  GreeceConstantinos Christoforou (Cypriot representative in 1996, 2002 as part of One and in 2005)
  31.  Lithuania – Ugnė Galadauskaitė
  32.  Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
  33.  Macedonia – Dijana Gogova
  34.  AlbaniaAndri Xhahu
  35.  Estonia – Daniel Levi Viinalass
  36.  UkraineVerka Serduchka (Ukrainian representative in 2007)
  37.  ItalyClaudia Andreatti
  38.  Poland – Anna Popek
  39.  Slovenia – Marjetka Vovk (Slovenian representative in 2015 as part of Maraaya)
  40.  HungaryCsilla Tatár
  41.  MontenegroDanijel Alibabić (Serbia and Montenegro representative in 2005 as part of No Name)
  42.  SwedenGina Dirawi

Commentators[edit]

Most countries sent commentators to Stockholm or commentated from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.

Non-participating countries[edit]

International sign broadcast[edit]

SVT announced on 22 April 2016 that they would offer International Sign broadcasts of all three live shows for the hearing impaired. All three broadcasts were produced by Julia Kankkonen.[237] The performances of competing entries were interpreted by ten sign language performers and the dialogue of hosts were interpreted by three sign language performers:[238][239][240]

  • Markus Aro (Finland)
  • Ebru Bilen Basaran (Denmark)
  • Vivien Batory (Denmark)
  • Laith Fathulla (Sweden)
  • Rafael-Evitan Grombelka (Germany)
  • Amadeus Lantz (Sweden)
  • Georg Marsh (Austria)
  • Amina Ouahid (Sweden)
  • Tommy Rangsjö (Sweden)
  • Pavel Rodionov (Russia)
  • Laura Levita Valytė (Lithuania)
  • Kolbrún Völkudóttir (Iceland)
  • Xuejia Rennie Zacsko (Sweden)

The international sign broadcasts was streamed online alongside the three live shows,[238] with the following countries also televising the broadcasts:

Official album[edit]

Eurovision Song Contest: Stockholm 2016
ESC 2016 album cover.jpg
Compilation album by
Released15 April 2016
GenrePop
Length
  • 65:26 (CD 1)
  • 62:56 (CD 2)
LabelUniversal
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Song Contest: Vienna 2015
(2015)
Eurovision Song Contest: Stockholm 2016
(2016)
Eurovision Song Contest: Kyiv 2017
(2017)

Eurovision Song Contest: Stockholm 2016 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and was released by Universal Music Group digitally on 15 April and physically on 22 April 2016.[245] The album features all 42 participating entries, including the semi-finalists that fail to qualify for the final.[246] The album also features the Romanian entry which was withdrawn from the contest by the EBU due to non-payment of debts.[54]

CD 1
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Fairytale" (Albania)Eneda Tarifa3:00
2."LoveWave" (Armenia)Iveta Mukuchyan2:58
3."Loin d'ici" (Austria)Zoë3:00
4."Sound of Silence" (Australia)Dami Im3:03
5."Miracle" (Azerbaijan)Samra3:00
6."Ljubav je" (feat. Ana Rucner & Jala) (Bosnia and Herzegovina)Dalal & Deen3:00
7."What's the Pressure?" (Belgium)Laura Tesoro2:52
8."If Love Was a Crime" (Bulgaria)Poli Genova2:59
9."Help You Fly" (Belarus)Ivan3:02
10."The Last of Our Kind" (Switzerland)Rykka3:00
11."Alter Ego" (Cyprus)Minus One3:00
12."I Stand" (Czech Republic)Gabriela Gunčíková3:00
13."Ghost" (Germany)Jamie-Lee2:55
14."Soldiers of Love" (Denmark)Lighthouse X3:00
15."Play" (Estonia)Jüri Pootsmann3:00
16."Say Yay!" (Spain)Barei2:57
17."Sing It Away" (Finland)Sandhja2:59
18."J'ai cherché" (France)Amir3:00
19."You're Not Alone" (United Kingdom)Joe & Jake2:50
20."Midnight Gold" (Georgia)Nika Kocharov & Young Georgian Lolitaz2:56
21."Utopian Land" (Greece)Argo2:55
22."Lighthouse" (Croatia)Nina Kraljić3:00
Total length:65:26
CD 2
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Pioneer" (Hungary)Freddie2:59
2."Sunlight" (Ireland)Nicky Byrne2:59
3."Made of Stars" (Israel)Hovi Star3:01
4."Hear Them Calling" (Iceland)Greta Salóme2:57
5."No Degree of Separation" (Italy)Francesca Michielin3:08
6."I've Been Waiting for This Night" (Lithuania)Donny Montell3:03
7."Heartbeat" (Latvia)Justs2:57
8."Falling Stars" (Moldova)Lidia Isac2:57
9."The Real Thing" (Montenegro)Highway3:01
10."Dona" (Macedonia)Kaliopi3:01
11."Walk on Water" (Malta)Ira Losco3:03
12."Slow Down" (Netherlands)Douwe Bob2:45
13."Icebreaker" (Norway)Agnete2:54
14."Color of Your Life" (Poland)Michał Szpak3:00
15."Moment of Silence" (Romania)Ovidiu Anton2:59
16."Goodbye (Shelter)" (Serbia)Sanja Vučić ZAA3:03
17."You Are the Only One" (Russia)Sergey Lazarev3:06
18."If I Were Sorry" (Sweden)Frans3:04
19."Blue and Red" (Slovenia)ManuElla2:57
20."I Didn't Know" (San Marino)Serhat3:01
21."1944" (Ukraine)Jamala3:01
Total length:62:56

Charts[edit]

Chart (2016) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[247] 9
Austrian Albums (Ö3 Austria)[248] 3
Finnish Albums (Suomen virallinen lista)[249] 10
French Albums (SNEP)[250] 81
German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[251] 2
Greek Albums (IFPI)[252] 14
Norwegian Albums (VG-lista)[253] 30
Swiss Albums (Schweizer Hitparade)[254] 2
UK Compilation Albums (OCC)[255] 9

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Israel, who had been allocated to pot six, were pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final as the first semi-final coincided with Yom Hazikaron.
  2. ^ Romania, who had been originally allocated to perform in the second semi-final, were forcefully withdrawn due to repeated non-payment of debts to the EBU.
  3. ^ The song contains some words in Pontic Greek, a dialect of Greek spoken in Northern Greece.[256]

References[edit]

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