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Euryalus (//; Ancient Greek: Εὐρύαλος, Eὐrúalos) refers to the Euryalus fortress, the main citadel of Ancient Syracuse, and to several different characters from Greek mythology and classical literature:
- Euryalus, named on sixth and fifth century BC pottery as being one the Giants who fought the Olympian gods in the Gigantomachy.
- Euryalus, a suitor of Hippodamia who, like all the suitors before Pelops, was killed by Oenomaus.
- Euryalus, one of the eight sons of Melas, who plotted against their uncle Oeneus and were slain by Tydeus.
- Euryalus was the son of Mecisteus and Astyoche and one of the Argonauts. He attacked the city of Thebes as one of the Epigoni, who took the city and avenged the deaths of their fathers, who had also attempted to invade Thebes. In Homer's Iliad, he fought in the Trojan War, where he was brother-in-arms of Diomedes, and one of the Greeks to enter the Trojan Horse. He lost the boxing match to Epeius at the funeral games for Patroclus. He is mentioned by Hyginus, who gives his parents as Pallas and Diomede.
- Euryalus, the name of two of Penelope's suitors, one of whom came from Zacynthus, and the other one from Dulichium.
- Euryalus was the name of a son of Euippe and Odysseus, who was mistakenly slain by his father.
- Euryalus (or Agrolas), brother and fellow builder of Hyperbius the Athenian.
- Euryalus, son of Naubolus, one of the Phaeacians encountered by Odysseus in the Odyssey.
- In the Aeneid by Virgil, Nisus and Euryalus are ideal friends and lovers, who died during a raid on the Rutulians.
- Euryalus, a surname of Apollo.
- Arafat, K. W., Classical Zeus: A Study in Art and Literature, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1990. ISBN 0-19-814912-3, pp.16, 183, 184; Akropolis 2.211 (Beazley Archive 200125; LIMC Gigantes 299); British Museum E 47 (Beazley Archive 203256; LIMC Gigantes 301).
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 6.21.10
- Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Odes 1.27
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 1.8.5
- Tzetzes, Homeric Allegories, Prologue, 562
- Dictionary of Classical Mythology. London: Penguin. 1990. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-14-051235-9.
- Homer; Trans. Stanley Lombardo (1997). Iliad. Hackett. ISBN 978-0-87220-352-5. 23.704-719.
- Hyginus, Fabulae 97
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Epitome 7.26-30
- Sophocles, Euryalus as cited in Parthenius, Erotica Pathemata 3
- Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia 7.57
- Butcher, SH and Lang, A: The Odyssey of Homer, Project Gutenberg
- Virgil, Aeneid 5.294
- Virgil. Aeneid 9.179-431
- Hesychius of Alexandria s. v. Euryalos
|This article includes a list of Greek mythological figures with the same or similar names. If an internal link for a specific Greek mythology article referred you to this page, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended Greek mythology article, if one exists.|