Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer
The EUVE spacecraft
|Mission type||Ultraviolet astronomy|
|Mission duration||9 years|
|Bus||Multimission Modular Spacecraft|
|Manufacturer||UC Berkeley SSL|
|Dry mass||3,275 kilograms (7,220 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||June 7, 1992, 16:40:00UTC|
|Launch site||Cape Canaveral LC-17A|
|End of mission|
|Deactivated||31 January 2001|
|Decay date||30 January 2002|
|Perigee||515 kilometers (320 mi)|
|Apogee||527 kilometers (327 mi)|
|Epoch||11 July 1992|
|Wavelengths||Ultraviolet (7-76 nm)|
The Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE) was a space telescope for ultraviolet astronomy, launched on June 7, 1992. With instruments for ultraviolet (UV) radiation between wavelengths of 7 and 76 nm, the EUVE was the first satellite mission especially for the short-wave ultraviolet range. The satellite compiled an all-sky survey of 801 astronomical targets before being decommissioned on January 31, 2001. It re-entered the atmosphere on January 30, 2002.
The goals of the mission included several different areas of observation using the extreme ultraviolet (EUV) range of frequencies:
- To make an all-sky survey in the extreme ultraviolet band
- To make a deep survey in the EUV range on two separate bandpasses
- To make spectroscopic observations of targets found by other missions
- To observe EUV sources such as hot white dwarfs and coronal stars
- To study the composition of the interstellar medium using EUV spectroscopy
- To determine whether it would be beneficial to create another, more sensitive EUV telescope
NASA describe these:
- 2 Wolter-Schwarzschild Type I grazing incidence mirror, each with an imaging microchannel plate (MCP detector) (Scanner A & B) FOV ~5° diameter; two passbands 44-220 Å 140-360 Å
- 1 Wolter-Schwarzschild Type II grazing incidence mirror, with an imaging microchannel plate (MCP detector) FOV ~4° diameter; two passbands 520-750 Å 400-600 Å
- 1 Wolter-Schwarzschild Type II grazing incidence mirror Deep Survey/Spectrometer Telescope. The light is split, with half of the light fed to:
- An imaging Deep Survey MCP detector, and
- Three Spectrometers which are each combinations of a grating and MCP detector: SW (70-190 Å) MW (140-380 Å) LW (280-760 Å).
- "EUVE". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on May 22, 2013. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved July 18, 2013.
- "EUVE spacecraft re-enters Earth's atmosphere" (Press release). NASA. January 31, 2002.