Fadrozole

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Fadrozole
Fadrozole structure.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesAfema
Routes of
administration
By mouth
Drug classAromatase inhibitor; Antiestrogen
ATC code
  • None
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC14H13N3
Molar mass223.27 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

Fadrozole (INN), sold under the brand name Afema (by Novartis), is a selective, nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor which is or has been used in Japan for the treatment of breast cancer.[1][2]

Pharmacodynamics of aromatase inhibitors

Generation Medication Dosage % inhibitiona Classb IC50c
First Testolactone 250 mg 4x/day p.o. ? Type I ?
100 mg 3x/week i.m. ?
Rogletimide 200 mg 2x/day p.o.
400 mg 2x/day p.o.
800 mg 2x/day p.o.
50.6%
63.5%
73.8%
Type II ?
Aminoglutethimide 250 mg mg 4x/day p.o. 90.6% Type II 4,500 nM
Second Formestane 125 mg 1x/day p.o.
125 mg 2x/day p.o.
250 mg 1x/day p.o.
72.3%
70.0%
57.3%
Type I 30 nM
250 mg 1x/2 weeks i.m.
500 mg 1x/2 weeks i.m.
500 mg 1x/1 week i.m.
84.8%
91.9%
92.5%
Fadrozole 1 mg 1x/day p.o.
2 mg 2x/day p.o.
82.4%
92.6%
Type II ?
Third Exemestane 25 mg 1x/day p.o. 97.9% Type I 15 nM
Anastrozole 1 mg 1x/day p.o.
10 mg 1x/day p.o.
96.7–97.3%
98.1%
Type II 10 nM
Letrozole 0.5 mg 1x/day p.o.
2.5 mg 1x/day p.o.
98.4%
98.9%–>99.1%
Type II 2.5 nM
Footnotes: a = In postmenopausal women. b = Type I: Steroidal, irreversible (substrate-binding site). Type II: Nonsteroidal, reversible (binding to and interference with the cytochrome P450 heme moiety). c = In breast cancer homogenates. Sources: See template.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Browne LJ, Gude C, Rodriguez H, Steele RE, Bhatnager A (February 1991). "Fadrozole hydrochloride: a potent, selective, nonsteroidal inhibitor of aromatase for the treatment of estrogen-dependent disease". J. Med. Chem. 34 (2): 725–36. doi:10.1021/jm00106a038. PMID 1825337.
  2. ^ Raats JI, Falkson G, Falkson HC (January 1992). "A study of fadrozole, a new aromatase inhibitor, in postmenopausal women with advanced metastatic breast cancer". J. Clin. Oncol. 10 (1): 111–6. doi:10.1200/jco.1992.10.1.111. PMID 1530798.