Fakr ad-Din Mosque
|Fakr ad-Din Mosque |
مسجد فخر الدين زنكي
The Fakr ad-Din Mosque (Arabic: مسجد فخر الدين زنكي), also known as Masjid Fakhr al-Din, is the oldest mosque in Mogadishu, Somalia. It is located in Hamar Weyne (literally "Old Hamar"), the oldest part of the city. It is believed to be the 7th oldest mosque in Africa.
The mosque was built in 969 by Sultan Fakr ad-Din, the first Sultan of the Sultanate of Mogadishu. This ruling house was succeeded by the Muzaffar dynasty, and the kingdom subsequently became closely linked with the Ajuran Sultanate.
Stone, including Indian marble and coral, were the primary materials used in the construction of the masjid. The structure displays a compact rectangular plan, with a domed mihrab axis. Glazed tiles were also used in the decoration of the mihrab, one of which bears a dated inscription.
Photographs of the Fakr ad-Din mosque feature in drawings and images of central Mogadishu from the late 19th century onwards. The mosque can be identified amidst other buildings by its two cones, one round and the other hexagonal.
- "The Sultanates of Somalia | World Civilization". courses.lumenlearning.com. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
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