Location of Faridabad district in Haryana
|Tehsils||1. Faridabad, 2. Ballabgarh|
|• Total||741 km2 (286 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (IST)|
Faridabad district is one of the 22 districts of the Indian state of Haryana with Faridabad city being the district headquarters. The Delhi-Mathura-Agra National Highway 44 (Grand Trunk Road) passes through the centre of the district, which occupies an area of 741 square kilometres (286 sq mi) and as of the 2011 census of India[update] had a population of 1,809,733. Haryana government has created a new Faridabad division which would cover the districts – Faridabad, Nuh and Palwal.
Origin of name
The district is named after its headquarters, Faridabad city, which in turn is named after its founder, Shaikh Farid, the treasurer of Jahangir who built a town here. On Talab Road near Gopi Colony (Old Faridabad), his tomb or maqbara can still be seen.
Faridabad was formerly Haryana's leading industrial city and a popular choice for setting up industry due to its location on the Delhi-Mathura Road. However, the emergence of Gurgaon as a powerhouse for industrial development in the state has led to its decline. The city is noted for its henna production in the agriculture sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other products made in the city.
The district has a population density of 2,442 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,320/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 31.75%. Faridabad has a sex ratio of 873 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 83%.
- "Faridabad District : Census 2011 data". Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- "Admn revamp: 2 divisions, one police range created". The Tribune. 3 January 2017. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- "District Census 2012". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- Athique, Adrian; Hill, Douglas (2009). The Multiplex in India: A Cultural Economy of Urban Leisure. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1-135-18187-1.
- 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
- Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901