Farrington Gurney

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Farrington Gurney
Gray stone building with square tower at far end. Grass and gravestones in the foreground.
Church of St John the Baptist
Farrington Gurney is located in Somerset
Farrington Gurney
Farrington Gurney
Location within Somerset
Population901 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceST629556
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBristol
Postcode districtBS39
Dialling code01761
PoliceAvon and Somerset
FireAvon
AmbulanceSouth Western
EU ParliamentSouth West England
UK Parliament
Websitewww.farringtongurney.org
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°17′55″N 2°31′58″W / 51.2987°N 2.5327°W / 51.2987; -2.5327Coordinates: 51°17′55″N 2°31′58″W / 51.2987°N 2.5327°W / 51.2987; -2.5327

Farrington Gurney is an English village and civil parish in the Bath and North East Somerset unitary authority, at the junction of the A37 and the A362 in Somerset. It has a population of 901.[1]

History[edit]

In the Domesday book, the village was known as Ferentone.[2] The second part of the name is believed to come from the Gournays, its ancient possessors, including Robert de Gournay in 1225. When Sir Thomas de Gournay was implicated in the murder of Edward II at Berkeley Castle, his estates were confiscated; Farrington was later annexed to the Duchy of Cornwall.

The parish was part of the hundred of Chewton.[3]

The manor house is believed to date from 1637, and the old parsonage from around 1700.[4]

Local industry included coal mining on the Somerset coalfield from around 1780 to sometime in the 1920s.[5]

An unmanned railway station, or "halt", existed in the village from 11 July 1927 to 2 November 1959, when the Bristol and North Somerset Railway line closed.

Governance[edit]

Farrington Gurney's parish council is responsible for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover its operating costs, and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. It evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security and traffic. It initiates projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall and community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, and consults with the district council on the maintenance, repair and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport and street cleaning. It also addresses conservation and environmental matters, including trees and listed buildings.

An aerial view of the village

The parish falls within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset.Created in 1996 as established by the Local Government Act 1992, the authority provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in Bath. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon.[6] Before 1974, the parish was part of the Clutton Rural District.[7]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of North East Somerset.[8] It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the "first past the post" election system. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament, which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Education[edit]

There is a primary school in the village, Farrington Gurney Church of England Primary School.

Religious sites[edit]

The parish church is a small stone edifice dedicated to St John the Baptist. Originally of Norman architecture, it was rebuilt in Gothic style by John Pinch the younger in 1843.[4] The stump of the medieval cross and a carving over the door survive from an earlier building.[9] The church is set away from the main village in a picturesque location in the middle of a field, originally in order to protect the villagers from the plague.

The Methodist Church on the main A37/39 Road is part of the North East Somerset and Bath Circuit of Methodist Churches. Methodism started in the village around 1823, and the first building was near the site of the old village hall. The present church was built in 1880-1881 at a cost of £485, with a further £129 spent on furnishings. The land was negotiated from the Duchy of Cornwall by Colonol Mogg from Manor House. (As Mogg was an Anglican, it was a good early example of Ecumenism.) School rooms were added in 1909, and electric lighting in 1931. The last significant addition was the toilet and kitchen extension in 1971. The building is used extensively during the week by the Little Stars Nursery. Church members and friends meet for Coffee and Chat on Wednesday mornings, and morning worship is held every Sunday.[10]

Mineral Resources[edit]

Farrington Gurney Colliery operated from around 1738 until 1921.[11]

Sport[edit]

Farrington Gurney FC was founded in 1901 and officially joined the Somerset FA that year. Farrington joined the Mid-Somerset Football League in the 1961/62 season, and stayed with the league for four seasons before moving to the Bristol League. The 1975/76 season saw Farrington Gurney switch back to the Mid-Somerset League from the Bristol Suburban League going straight into Division 2. After winning promotion in style, the next few seasons saw Farrington Gurney struggle in the Premier Division, finishing 7th (1976/77), bottom (1977/78) and again bottom (1978/79). They were relegated to the First Division in 1979 and finished 4th that season. Farrington Gurney finished the 1990 season well by getting promoted back to the First Division. The Farrington Gurney Football Club play in Division 2 East of the Somerset County League.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Farrington Gurney Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  2. ^ Mason, Edmund J.; Mason, Doreen (1982). Avon Villages. Robert Hale Ltd. ISBN 0-7091-9585-0.
  3. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus (1958). The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071013-2.
  5. ^ Down, C.G.; A.J. Warrington (2005). The history of the Somerset coalfield. Radstock: Radstock Museum. ISBN 0-9551684-0-6.
  6. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007.
  7. ^ "Clutton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  8. ^ "Somerset North East: New Boundaries Calculation". Electoral Calculus: General Election Prediction. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2007.
  9. ^ Atthill, Robin (1976). Mendip: A new study. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7297-1.
  10. ^ North East Somerset and Bath Circuit News Magazine September 2011
  11. ^ "Farrington Colliery". Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  12. ^ "Farrington Gurney FC". Retrieved 29 November 2009.

External links[edit]