Faule Mette

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Faule Mette
Braunschweig Brunswick Faule Mette.jpg
Engraving by Johann Georg Beck from 1714. The upper banner runs: "The largest cannon of Germany, called the Faule Metze". The lower reads "[It] was fired for the last time in 1650".
TypeCannon
Place of originBrunswick, Holy Roman Empire
Service history
Used byCity of Brunswick
Production history
DesignerHenning Bussenschutte
Produced1411
Specifications
Mass8.75 t
Length305 cm
Barrel length181 cm

Shell weight409 kg
Caliber67–80 cm (conical muzzle)

The Faule Mette (German for Lazy Mette, alluding to the gun's rare deployment, difficult mobility, and limited loading and fire rate) or Faule Metze was a medieval supergun of the city of Brunswick, Germany.

Cast by the gunfounder Henning Bussenschutte on the central market square Kohlmarkt in 1411, it was fitted with a conically tapered muzzle (calibre of 67–80 cm) which allowed the use of projectiles of varying size. Thus, it could fire stone balls weighing between 322 and 423 kilograms (710 and 933 lb) with a gunpowder load ranging from 24 to 33 kilograms (53 to 73 lb).[1]

On 1 November 1717, the Faule Mette reportedly shot a 341 kilograms (752 lb) stone ball 2,442 metres (8,012 ft) The cast-bronze cannon was melted down in 1787 and recast to several lighter field guns, having fired only twelve times in its history.

Besides the Faule Mette, a number of 15th-century European superguns are known to have been employed primarily in siege warfare, including the wrought-iron Pumhart von Steyr, Dulle Griet and Mons Meg as well as the cast-bronze Faule Grete and Grose Bochse.


Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Schmidtchen 1977, pp. 221f.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Schmidtchen, Volker (1977), "Riesengeschütze des 15. Jahrhunderts. Technische Höchstleistungen ihrer Zeit", Technikgeschichte, 44 (3): 213–237 (221–226)

External links[edit]

Media related to Faule Mette at Wikimedia Commons