Feltham and Heston (UK Parliament constituency)
|Feltham and Heston|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Feltham and Heston in Greater London.
|Electorate||80,437 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Feltham, Heston|
and Hounslow (part)
|Member of Parliament||Seema Malhotra (Labour Co-operative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Feltham and|
Heston & Isleworth
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Feltham and Heston is a constituency[n 1] created in 1974 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. Its MP since 2011 is Seema Malhotra of the Labour Co-operative Party, which is in political union with the Labour Party.[n 2]
The seat has been confined throughout to the western electoral half of the London Borough of Hounslow. Its main predecessor seat was Feltham, comprising Feltham, Bedfont, Hanworth, Hounslow Heath and Cranford; the other direct forerunner Heston and Isleworth contributed its former westernmost settlements: Heston and Hounslow West. Before 1945 about a third of the present area and half of its then-population were in the Twickenham seat (formed in 1885), the remainder, Feltham, Hanworth and Bedfont were in the Spelthorne seat (formed in 1918 from the southern part of Uxbridge (UK Parliament constituency)).
Proximity of gravel to the surface of the near-flat land — see Hounslow Heath — restricted productivity and diversity of plant life across the constituency and caused initially cheap land values, a factor which led the area to significant industrial use since the mid-19th century and construction of London Heathrow Airport, the area's largest employer including its many import/export businesses. The area at central Feltham and on the busy and the somewhat slower (to Central London) Piccadilly line at two tube stations in the north connects into London and the latter also connects to Heathrow Airport.
This part of the Borough of Hounslow since 1955 has the great majority of its 12.3 square kilometres (4.7 sq mi) of Metropolitan Green Belt, forming an immediate buffer zone for all of Greater London. The M4 motorway and dualled parts of the A4, A30 and A316 roads run close to a significant minority of homes. Many local initiatives seek to abate pollution in the Borough and other have successfully attracted major retail and leisure into Feltham and Hounslow, both of which were large villages rather than market towns in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The seat has been held by the Labour Party from 1992 onwards, with their highest share of the vote being 35% in 2001, and lowest share being 3.3%, in 1992. The Conservatives have finished in second place at each general election since.
The current MP Seema Malhotra (Labour Co-operative) was first elected at the 2011 by-election after the death of the previous Labour MP Alan Keen, who had won the seat from Patrick Ground of the Conservatives in 1992.
Feltham and Heston covers the western half of the London Borough of Hounslow. Feltham occupies the southern part of the L-shape formed by the borough. Heston occupies the far north bounded by the M4 motorway. In the south of the constituency is Hanworth, with Bedfont in the far west — both are postally parts of Feltham.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Bedfont, Cranford, Feltham North, Feltham West, Hanworth, Hanworth Park, Heston Central, Heston East, Heston West and Hounslow West in the London Borough of Hounslow[n 3]
The London Borough of Hounslow's eastern half is the Brentford and Isleworth seat.
The constituency is lower on the socio-economic scales than those in neighbouring Brentford and Isleworth. There is higher proportion of social housing, though unemployment is proportionally low by London standards. The seat also includes the western part of the slightly larger urban centre, Hounslow.
To the northwest is London Heathrow Airport where many local constituents work, and small storage, distribution businesses are a feature of this half of the borough, as well as light industry and office accommodation. Next to Cranford on the A4 Bath Road are most of the luxury airport hotels,[n 4] and an imposing 1998 conversion of an office tower into a hotel in Feltham's linear town centre. The seat includes a Young Offenders Institution, small business and industrial park and a motorway service station. Across all wards, car ownership is much higher than the London average; for the small proportion of people (who work in the City), Feltham railway station, Hounslow West Underground station, Hounslow Central Underground station and Hatton Cross Underground station provide good links from several areas to the capital.
Members of Parliament
|Feb 1974||Russell Kerr||Labour|
|2011 by-election||Seema Malhotra||Labour|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Hina Malik||1,387||2.6||-0.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Crouch||1,579||3.2||−10.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Roger Crouch||1,364||5.9||−7.8|
|English Democrat||Roger Cooper||322||1.4||N/A|
|London People Before Profit||George Hallam||128||0.6||N/A|
|Bus-Pass Elvis||David Bishop||93||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op||Alan Keen||21,174||43.6||−4.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Munira Wilson||6,669||13.7||−2.9|
|Workers Revolutionary||Matthew Linley||78||0.2||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−4.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Alan Keen||17,741||47.6||−11.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Satnam Kaur Khalsa||6,177||16.6||+2.8|
|National Front||Graham Kemp||975||2.6||N/A|
|UKIP||Leon S. Mullett||612||1.6||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−8.4|
|Labour Co-op||Alan Keen||21,406||59.2||−0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew S. Darley||4,998||13.8||+4.7|
|Socialist Labour||Surinder Cheema||651||1.8||N/A|
|Independent||Asa Singh Khaira||169||0.5||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+1.1|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||Alan Keen||27,836||59.7||+14.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Colin D. Penning||4,264||9.1||−2.4|
|Referendum||Rupert A. Stubbs||1,099||2.4||N/A|
|Natural Law||David J. Fawcett||177||0.4||N/A|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||+15.40|
|Labour Co-op||Alan Keen||27,660||46.1||+8.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Michael F. Hoban||6,700||11.2||−3.9|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.3|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||James Daly||9,623||15.1||−0.8|
|Liberal||Alex V. Alagappa||8,706||15.9||+7.4|
|National Front||Stuart A. Glass||696||1.3||−0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.5|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Josephine Reid||898||1.5||−2.2|
|Workers Revolutionary||R. Lugg||168||0.3||N/A|
|National Front||Josephine Reid||1,984||3.7||−0.7|
|National Front||Josephine Reid||2,653||4.4||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- All but Heston and Hounslow West are in the Feltham post town
- see Heathrow
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Labour announces byelection date". Press Association. 24 November 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
- Waugh, Paul. "Winter by-election". Politics Home. Archived from the original on 28 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011.
- "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk.
- "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap.
- The Heathrow St Giles Hotel Archived 2013-02-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "F"
- "Feltham & Heston parliamentary constituency". BBC News.
- House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report http://researchbriefings.files.parliament.uk/documents/CBP-7979/CBP-7979.pdf House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report Check
|url=value (help). Missing or empty
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-08-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) 3Aug15
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.