Fengyuan District

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Fengyuan

豐原區

Fongyuan
Fengyuan District
豐原中正路.JPG
Fengyuan TC.svg
Coordinates: 24°15′N 120°43′E / 24.250°N 120.717°E / 24.250; 120.717Coordinates: 24°15′N 120°43′E / 24.250°N 120.717°E / 24.250; 120.717
CountryTaiwan
Special municipalityTaichung
Area
 • Total41.1845 km2 (15.9014 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2017)
 • Total166,800
 • Density4,031/km2 (10,440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
WebsiteFengyuan District
Fengyuan District
Traditional Chinese豐原區
Alternative Chinese name
Traditional Chinese葫蘆墩
Fengyuan District office

Fengyuan District (Chinese: 豐原區) is a district located in north-central Taichung, Taiwan on the south bank of the Dajia River. Fengyuan district is the third most populated district among former Taichung County, ranking after Dali and Taiping district. Fengyuan is recognized as Huludun in early times, meaning "gourd" in Chinese, for a gourd-shape pile of mud was found in Fengyuan by the aborigines. The rice yielded from Fengyuan is famous for its high quality and the bakery industry prospered in later decades. Because of the extraordinary location of the intersection of Taiwan railway west trunk and Dongshi branch line, Fengyuan quickly expanded after World War II. It soon became one of the political, economic and communication centers of central Taiwan, playing an important role in the development of the central part of this island. Recently, Fengyuan faces the challenge of being marginalized after the amalgamation of Taichung County and Taichung City in December 2010.

History[edit]

Before the arrival of the Han Chinese, the area of Fengyuan city was inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines. Their name for the area, meaning "thriving pine forest", which was transcribed into Chinese characters as 泰耶爾墩. Before the mid-18th century, the area was a territory of the Pazeh people, which they called Haluton. This name was adapted into Hokkien as Haloton (Chinese: 葫蘆墩; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Hô͘-lô͘-tun; literally: 'gourd mound').

Han immigration to the area began during late Qing rule. Liu Mingchuan gave the area a nickname of "little Suzhou" due to its prosperity and scenic beauty.

Empire of Japan[edit]

In 1905, during Japanese rule, the Holotun Station was erected, putting the area along a main thoroughfare. In 1920, the Governor-General of Taiwan gave the town its name, Toyohara (Japanese: 豐原), meaning flourishing plain. Emperor MeijiEmperor TaishōHirohito ate rice supplied from Fengyuan City.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Fengyuan was organized as an urban township of Taichung County and was made the capital of the county. On 1 March 1973, Fengyuan was upgraded to a county-administered city due to its population. On 25 December 2010, Taichung County was merged with Taichung City and Fengyuan was upgraded to a district of the city with Xitun District was made as the capital of the city.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Fengyuan, Fengrong, Dingjie, Zhongshan, Xiajie, Zhongyang, Danan, Beinan, Tungnan, Xinan, Fengxi, Zunliao, Fengzun, Fuchun, Hulu, Xian, Xishi, Zhongxing, Shepi, Sancun, Tungshi, Minsheng, Tianxin, Fengtian, Liancun, Yangming, Nanyang, Beiyang, Tungyang, Nancun, Nantian, Nansong, Wengming, Wengzi, Wengshe and Pozi Village.[1][obsolete source]

Tourism[edit]

Golf course[edit]

Eastern hill part of Fengyuan.

Night market of Miao Dong[edit]

In the 1970s, citizens created the Night market of Miao Dong (廟東夜市), there are full of Taiwanese street foods.

Economy[edit]

The restaurant chain KLG has its headquarters in Fengyuan District.[2]

Industrial products[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Fengyuan District is accessible from TRA Fengyuan Station.

Road[edit]

Fengyuan Bus Station

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Local Elections". vote2014.nat.gov.tw (in Chinese). 27 December 2014. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2019.
  2. ^ ""Contact Us". KLG. Retrieved March 7, 2016. 快樂雞股份有限公司 台中市豐原區西勢路154號

External links[edit]