Fennoscandia in March 2002
Map highlighting the Fennoscandian, Scandinavian and the Kola Peninsulas
|Adjacent bodies of water||Arctic Sea, Atlantic Ocean|
|Highest elevation||2,469 m (8,100 ft)|
|Whole or part of the mainland area of Murmansk Oblast, Republic of Karelia, and Leningrad Oblast|
Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Swedish: Fennoskandien; Norwegian: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula. It encompasses Finland, Norway and Sweden, as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (Finland) and Scandia (Scandinavian). The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898. Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.
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- Cap of the North
- Nordic countries – Geographical and cultural region in Northern Europe and the North Atlantic
- Scandinavia – Region in Northern Europe
- The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
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- Bulletin - Canadian Library Association, Volume 20. Canadian Library Association., 1963. p. 179.
- Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.
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