Finswimming World Championships

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The Finswimming World Championships is the peak international event for the underwater sport of finswimming. These are conducted on behalf of the sport's governing body, Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques (CMAS) by an affiliated national federation.

Scheduling[edit]

The championship is split into two events on the basis of age for both male and female swimmers - seniors (i.e. 18 years and older) and juniors (i.e. 12 to 17 years old).[1] The senior championship was first held in 1976 while the junior championship was first held in 1989.[2] From 1976 to 1990, the senior championships were held every four years, except for the championship held in Moscow during 1982, and from 1990 to 2006 it was held every two years.[2] The junior championship has been held every two years from 1993, with the exception of the years 2005 and 2006.[2] As of 2007, the championships have been held every two years, with the senior age group event being held in the odd years starting with 2007, while the junior age group event is held in even years starting with 2008.[1]

Organisation[edit]

A world championship is conducted at two sites within a geographical locality - one being an olympic-size swimming pool (also known as a long course pool) and the other being an open water site suitable for long distance finswimming.[1]

The pool competition is carried out over five days with qualifying heats held in the morning and finals held in the afternoon. Races are conducted in the following techniques and distances for both male and female swimmers:

  • Surface finswimming (SF) - individual races for distances of 50m, 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m and 1500m, and relays for 4 × 100 m, 4 × 200 m and 4×50 (mixed).
  • Bi-Fins (BF, also known as ‘Stereo-fins’) - 50m, 100m, 200m and 400m, and relays for 4×100 (mixed).
  • Apnoea finswimming (AP also known as ‘apnea’) - 50m while juniors younger than 14 years old swim only 25m.
  • Immersion finswimming (IM) - 100m and 400m.[1]

As of 2014, the long distance competition is held over one day for senior and juniors swimmers with the following schedule: Morning - 4 x 2 km mixed team relay (2 men and 2 women) and Afternoon - 6 km individual swim. National federations may register a maximum of one relay team and a maximum of four individuals for the 6 km race. Long distance swimming is only open to SF and BF techniques.[1][3]

History[edit]

Senior championship[edit]

Year Date Championship Location event # Athletes # Events
1976 August 30 – September 5 1st Finswimming World Championships West Germany Hannover, West Germany[4] 11(m), 10(w)
1980 August 5 – 10 2nd Finswimming World Championships Italy Bologne, Italy[5] 11(m), 10(w)
1982 August 24 – 29 3rd Finswimming World Championships Soviet Union Moscow, USSR[6] 10(m), 10(w)
1986 August 3 – 10 4th Finswimming World Championships West Germany West Berlin, West Germany[7] 11(m), 10(w)
1990 August 28 – September 2 5th Finswimming World Championships Italy Rome, Italy 11(m), 11(w)
1992 August 17 – 24 6th Finswimming World Championships Greece Athens, Greece 11(m), 11(w)
1994 October 24 – 31 7th Finswimming World Championships China Dongguan, China 12(m), 12(w)
1996 August 18 – 25 8th Finswimming World Championships Hungary Dunaújváros, Hungary 12(m), 12(w)
1998 August 29 – September 6 9th Finswimming World Championships Colombia Cali, Colombia 12(m), 12(w)
2000 October 1 – 09 10th Finswimming World Championships Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain 12(m), 12(w)
2002 September 7 – 16 11th Finswimming World Championships Greece Patras, Greece 12(m), 12(w)
2004 October 21 – 29 12th Finswimming World Championships China Shanghai, China 12(m), 12(w)
2006 July 2 – 12 13th Finswimming World Championships Italy Turin, Italy 15(m), 15(w)
2007 July 27 – August 6 14th Finswimming World Championships Italy Bari, Italy 18(m), 18(w)
2009 August 20 – 30 15th Finswimming World Championships Russia St. Petersburg, Russia 212 18(m), 18(w)
2011 July 28 – August 7 16th Finswimming World Championships Hungary Hódmezővásárhely, Hungary[8] 350 18(m), 18(w)
2013 August 11 – 21 17th Finswimming World Championships Russia Kazan, Russia 18(m), 18(w)
2015 July 15 – 22 18th Finswimming World Championships[9] ChinaYantai China 15(m), 15(w), 1 (mixed)
2016 June 23 – 28 19th Finswimming World Championships Greece Volos, Greece[citation needed] 15(m), 15(w), 1 (mixed)
2018 June 14 – 21 20th Finswimming World Championships Serbia Belgrade, Serbia 16(m), 16(w), 3 (mixed)
2020 July 21st Finswimming World Championships Russia Tomsk, Russia

Junior championship[edit]

Year Date Championship Location event # Athletes # Events
1989 July 16 – 18 1st Finswimming Junior World Championship Hungary Dunaújváros, Hungary[10]
1993 September 2 – 5 2nd Finswimming Junior World Championships France Lyon, France[11]
1995 July 24 – 30 3rd Finswimming Junior World Championships Slovakia Bratislava, Slovakia[12]
1997 August 18 – 24 4th Finswimming Junior World Championships Hungary Balatonfűzfő, Hungary[13]
1999 August 4– 8 5th Finswimming Junior World Championships France Strasbourg, France[14]
2001 July 23 – 30 6th Finswimming Junior World Championships Mexico Aguascalientes, Mexico[15]
2003 August 30 – September 7 7th Finswimming Junior World Championships Korea Jeju, South Korea[16]
2005 August 1 – 8 8th Finswimming Junior World Championships Poland Ostrowiec, Poland[17]
2006 July 24 – August 2 9th Finswimming Junior World Championships Russia Moscow, Russia[18]
2008 July 2 – 12 10th Finswimming Junior World Championships Colombia Neiva, Colombia[19]
2010 July 5 – 12 11th Finswimming Junior World Championships Spain Palma de Mallorca, Spain[20] 200 23 nations
2012 July 16 – 22 12th Finswimming Junior World Championships Austria Graz, Austria[21]
2014 June 25 – July 1 13th Finswimming Junior World Championships Greece Chania, Greece[22] 198 24 nations
2016 July 4 – 11 14th Finswimming Junior World Championships France Annemasse, France
2017 July 31 – August 7 15th Finswimming Junior World Championships Russia Tomsk, Russia
2019 July 28 – August 4 16th Finswimming Junior World Championships Egypt Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e FINSWIMMING - CMAS RULES VERSION 2012/03 In force as from January 1st 2013 (BoD179 - 22/11/2012). Rome: Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. 2012. pp. 7–9.
  2. ^ a b c "Finswimming Championships Archive". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Some Changes in "Open Water" for CMAS Championships 2014". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 19 January 2014.
  4. ^ "1st World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  5. ^ "2nd World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  6. ^ "3rd World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  7. ^ "4th World Championship". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  8. ^ "Finswimming World Championship in Hódmezővásárhely". 18 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  9. ^ "Finswimming World Championship (Swimming pool and LD)". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 22 July 2015.
  10. ^ "1st World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  11. ^ "2nd World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  12. ^ "3rd World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  13. ^ "4th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  14. ^ "5th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  15. ^ "6th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  16. ^ "7th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  17. ^ "8th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  18. ^ "9th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  19. ^ "10th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  20. ^ "11th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  21. ^ "12th World Championship - Juniors". Confédération Mondiale des Activités Subaquatiques. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  22. ^ "The competition - 13th CMAS Finswimming Junior World Championship". Retrieved 17 July 2014.

External links[edit]