Fixed drug reaction

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Fixed drug reaction
Other namesDrug eruption
SpecialtyDermatology Edit this on Wikidata

Fixed drug reactions, are common and so named because they recur at the same site with each exposure to a particular medication.[1] Medications inducing fixed drug eruptions are usually those taken intermittently.[1]

Signs and symptoms[edit]

A painful and itchy reddish/purple patch of skin that occurs in the same location with repeated exposures to the culprit drug is the classic presentation of a fixed drug reaction. The lips, genitals, and hands are often involved.

Cause[edit]

Medications that are commonly implicated as a cause of fixed drug eruptions include the following:

  1. Fluconazole
  2. Ciprofloxacin
  3. Doxycycline
  4. Clarithromycin
  5. NSAIDs (e.g., ibuprofen)
  6. Trimethoprim
  7. Cotrimoxazole
  8. Phenytoin
  9. Cetirizine
  10. Pseudoephedrine[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (10th ed.). Saunders. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6.
  2. ^ Vidal, Carmen; Pérez-Carral, Celsa; Armisén, Margarita; Prieto, Azucena (1998). "Nonpigmenting Fixed Drug Eruption due to Pseudoephedrine". Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. 80 (4): 309–10. doi:10.1016/S1081-1206(10)62974-2. PMID 9564979.

External links[edit]

Classification