Laird Hamilton, a prominent figure in the invention of big wave tow-in surfing, later discovered the foilboard's capability to harness swell energy with the use of a jet ski, pulling the rider into a wave. Mango Carafino, a big wave tow surfing athlete and water sport instructor from the Hawaiian Island of Maui, is the original innovating developer of the hydrofoil board design for stand-up hydro foil boarding (kitesurfing) and behind boat applications. The stand-up design allows the rider to glide with the moving wave by harnessing the kinetic energy with the underwater swell. Hydrofoil kiteboards allow the rider to achieve the same result with the use of a kite. The hydrofoil minimizes the effects of choppy or rough conditions. Due to the hydrofoil's underwater characteristics, the rider can angle higher into the wind than on traditional kiteboards which ride on the surface of the water.
Foils are used on wind-surfboards through design development from Neil Pryde Maui, inventors of hydrofoil sailing "windsurfing" boards. Using a moderately sized sail, a foil windboard can achieve speeds over 6 knots faster than the apparent wind.
In 2017, Lift Foils, a small company from Puerto Rico, introduced to the world to the first commercially available electric powered hydrofoil surfboard. 
- TonyKlarich (2012). "Stand Up Guys". Adventures in Water Skiing: Part 4, Hydrofoiling. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Scott Bass (2009). "Laird Hamilton: A Surfermag.com exclusive interview". Surfer Magazine. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
- "Carafino Hydrofoils".
- Nicholas Leason (2017). "How We Built an Electric Flying Surfboard from the Ground Up". Liftfoils. Retrieved Aug 14, 2017.
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