Foreign relations of Senegal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Coat of arms of Senegal.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal portal

President Léopold Senghor advocated close relations with France and negotiation and compromise as the best means of resolving international differences. To a large extent, the two succeeding presidents have carried on Senghor's policies and philosophies. Senegal has long supported functional integration among French-speaking West African states through the West African Economic and Monetary Union.

Senegal has a high profile in many international organizations and was a member of the UN Security Council in 1988–89. It was elected to the UN Commission on Human Rights in 1997. Friendly to the West, especially to France and to the United States, Senegal also is a vigorous proponent of more assistance from developed countries to the Third World.

Senegal enjoys mostly cordial relations with its neighbors. In spite of clear progress on other fronts with Mauritania (border security, resource management, economic integration, etc.), there remains the problem of an estimated 30,000 Afro-Mauritanian refugees living in Senegal.

Senegal is also a member of the International Criminal Court with a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the US-military (as covered under Article 98).

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia April 8, 2004

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 8, 2004.

 Canada 1962 See Canada–Senegal relations
 China See China–Senegal relations

From 1996 to 2005, Senegal maintained relations with the Republic of China (Taiwan) instead of the People's Republic of China. On October 25, 2005, People's Republic of China re-established foreign relations with Senegal.[3]

 France 1960 See France–Senegal relations
 Guyana November 10, 2009

Both countries established diplomatic relations on November 10, 2009[6].

 Iran See Iran–Senegal relations

Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and his Senegalese counterpart Abdoulaye Wade had a joint press conference along with a close meeting in Feb 2008 in the city of Mashhad, both side pledged to expand the bilateral ties in the fields of economy, tourism and politics in addition to increase the efforts for empowering the OIC.[7]

Also the giant Iran-based automaker Iran Khodro established[8] an assembly line to produce Iranian cars in Senegal and dispatch them to the African markets directly from Dakar. This Iranian-Senegalese company has the capacity to produce 10,000 Samand cars annually.[9]

In 2011, Senegal cut ties with Iran, accusing Tehran of supplying separatist rebels in the Casamance region with weapons. They purport that these weapons were used in the killing of three Senegalese soldiers.[10]

 Malaysia See Malaysia–Senegal relations
 Mauritania See Mauritania–Senegal relations

In the years following independence, Mauritania's principal friend in sub-Saharan Africa was Senegal, although the two countries have espoused different strategies for development.[13] The growing split between blacks and Maures in Mauritania has, however, affected ties with Senegal, which sees itself as championing the rights of Mauritania's black minority.[13] Under Taya, relations between the two countries were correct, even though each accused the other of harboring exiled dissidents.[13]

In May 1987, Senegal extradited Captain Moulaye Asham Ould Ashen, a former black member of the Haidalla government accused of corruption, but only after veiled threats from Nouakchott that failure to do so would result in Mauritania's allowing Senegalese dissidents a platform from which to speak out against the government of President Abdou Diouf.[13] At the same time, Senegal and Mauritania have cooperated successfully with Mali under the Senegal River Development Office (Organisation pour la Mise en Valeur du Fleuve Sénégal—OMVS), which was formed in 1972 as a flood control, irrigation, and agricultural development project.[13]

 Mexico May 1962 See Mexico–Senegal relations
  • Mexico is accredited to Senegal from its embassy in Rabat, Morocco.[14] and maintains an honorary consulate in Dakar.[15]
  • Senegal is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States and maintains an honorary consulate in Mexico City.[16]
 Russia June 14, 1962 See Russia–Senegal relations

Russia has an embassy in Dakar and Senegal has an embassy in Moscow. The Soviet Union established diplomatic relations with Senegal on June 14, 1962.

 Serbia 1961

Both countries have established diplomatic relations in 1961.[17]

 South Korea October 19, 1962

Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Republic of Korea and the Republic of Senegal was on October 19, 1962.[18]

 United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates established an Embassy in Dakar in March 2018, which was unveiled by Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.[19] The Abu Dhabi Fund for Development loaned Senegal $13 million to invest in rural solar energy.[19]

 United States 1960 See Senegal–United States relations

Senegal enjoys an excellent relationship with the United States. The Government of Senegal is known and respected for its able diplomats and has often supported the U.S. in the United Nations, including with troop contributions for peacekeeping activities. The United States maintains friendly relations with Senegal and provides considerable economic and technical assistance.

  • Senegal has an embassy in Washington, DC and a consulate-general in New York City.[20]
  • United States has an embassy in Dakar.[21]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Department of State document "Senegal".

Disputes – international[edit]

A short section of the boundary with the Gambia is undefined.

Illicit drugs[edit]

Transshipment point for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin moving to Europe and North America; illicit cultivator of cannabis[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Embassy of Canada in Senegal
  2. ^ Embassy of Senegal in Ottawa (in French)
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved July 5, 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Embassy of France in Dakar (in French)
  5. ^ Embassy of Senegal in Paris (in French)
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ Iran, Senegal presidents urge OIC to support Muslims
  8. ^ Iranian car assembly line in Senegal
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2009. Retrieved February 19, 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Senegal severs ties with Iran – Africa – Al Jazeera English
  11. ^ "Official Website of Embassy of Malaysia, Dakar". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  12. ^ "Ambassade (Malaisie)" (in French). Gourvernement du Senegal. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
  13. ^ a b c d e Handloff, Robert E. "Relations with Other African States". In Mauritania: A Country Study (Robert E. Handloff, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (June 1988). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  14. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Morocco (in Spanish)
  15. ^ Honorary consulate of Mexico in Dakar, Senegal
  16. ^ Embassy of Senegal in the United States (in French)
  17. ^ [2]
  18. ^
  19. ^ a b "Abdullah opens new UAE Embassy in Senegal". Gulf News. March 6, 2018.
  20. ^ Embassy of Senegal in Washington, DC (in French) Archived July 15, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Embassy of the United States in Dakar (in English and French)