Foreign relations of Trinidad and Tobago

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Modern Trinidad and Tobago maintains close relations with its Caribbean neighbors and major North American and European trading partners. As the most industrialized and second-largest country in the English-speaking Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago has taken a leading role in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and strongly supports CARICOM economic integration efforts. It also is active in the Summit of the Americas process and supports the establishment of the Free Trade Area of the Americas, lobbying other nations for seating the Secretariat in Port of Spain.

As a member of CARICOM, Trinidad and Tobago strongly backed efforts by the United States to bring political stability to Haiti, contributing personnel to the Multinational Force in 1994. After its 1962 independence, Trinidad and Tobago joined the United Nations and Commonwealth of Nations. In 1967, it became the first Commonwealth country to join the Organization of American States (OAS). In 1995, Trinidad played host to the inaugural meeting of the Association of Caribbean States and has become the seat of this 35-member grouping, which seeks to further economic progress and integration among its states.

In international forums, Trinidad and Tobago has defined itself as having an independent voting record, but often supports U.S. and EU positions.

Trinidad and Tobago has historically been a trans-shipment point for South American drugs destined for the United States and Europe. This has created much tension in the country's politics.

Trinidad and Tobago is also a member-state of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the U.S. military (as covered under Article 98)

Bilateral relations[edit]

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Australia 7 January 1974 See Australia–Trinidad and Tobago relations
 Barbados See Barbados–Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Barbados maintains non-resident representation to Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago maintains non-resident representation to Bridgetown.
 Belize 21 September 1981
 Brazil

Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago enjoy a cordial and active relation. The establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries started in 1942 with the establishment of a Brazilian Vice-Consulate in Port-of-Spain, where later the Brazilian Embassy was open in 1965. Several mutual visits of Heads of State have occurred starting in 2008, when a MOU for cooperation on energy industry was signed.[2]

 Canada August 31, 1962 See Canada–Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both Countries established diplomatic relations in August 1962. Canada currently has 68,000 Trinidad and Tobagians immigrants.

  • Canada has a high commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Toronto.
 Croatia 14 December 2011

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 14, 2011.[3][4]

 Cuba 8 December 1972 See Cuba–Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Cuba has an embassy in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Havana.
 Cyprus
 France See France–Trinidad and Tobago relations

Bilateral relations between the countries France and Trinidad and Tobago have existed for about two hundred years.[6] Currently, France has an embassy in Port of Spain. Trinidad and Tobago is represented in France through its embassy in Brussels (Belgium). Trinidad and Tobago also has bilateral investment agreements with France.[7]

 Georgia

Georgia is represented in Trinidad and Tobago by its embassy in Brasilia.[8]

 India See India–Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both nations formally established diplomatic relations in 1962.[9] Republic of India operates a High Commission in Port of Spain,[10] whilst Republic of Trinidad and Tobago operates a High Commission in New Delhi.[11]

 Israel 1962

Both countries established diplomatic relations in January 1962. The country is among the staunchest supporters of Israel in the Caribbean[12]

 Jamaica See Jamaica–Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Jamaica has a high commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in Kingston.
 Malta 24 September 2009
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 24, 2009.[13]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
 Mexico 30 April 1966 See Mexico–Trinidad and Tobago relations
  • Mexico has an embassy in Port of Spain.[14]
  • Trinidad and Tobago is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[15]
 Nigeria
  • Nigeria has a high commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in Abuja.
 Russia 6 June 1974 See Russia–Trinidad and Tobago relations

Both countries have signed diplomatic missions on June 6, 1974. Russia is represented in Trinidad and Tobago through a non-resident embassy in Georgetown (Guyana). Both countries have interests with each other since the Soviet Union. In August 1992, Trinidad recognized Russia as the USSR's successor. In 2004, Sergey Lavrov and Knowlson Gift signed the protocol on the political consultations between the two Ministries. In April 2005 the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation and the Chamber of Industry and Commerce of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago signed the cooperation agreement.[16] In 2004, the Russian Cossack folk dance had nine concerts in Port of Spain, San Fernando, Couva, and Tobago.

 Serbia 1974
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1974.[17]
  • Both countries have a number of bilateral agreements.[18]
 Solomon Islands 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 2014.[19]

 South Korea 23 July 1985

The establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea and Trinidad and Tobago started 23 July 1985.[20]

 South Africa
  • South Africa has a high commission in Port of Spain.
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in Pretoria.
 Turkey
  • Turkey has an embassy in Port of Spain.
 United Kingdom 31 August 1962
  • Trinidad and Tobago has a high commission in London.
  • United Kingdom has a high commission in Port of Spain.
 United States See Trinidad and Tobago–United States relations
United States embassy in Port of Spain.

The United States and Trinidad and Tobago enjoy cordial relations. U.S. interests there and throughout the hemisphere focus on increasing investment and trade, and ensuring more stable supplies of energy. They also include enhancing Trinidad and Tobago's political and social stability and positive regional role through assistance in drug interdiction, health issues, and legal affairs. The U.S. embassy was established in Port of Spain in 1962, replacing the former consulate-general.

  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Washington, D.C..
  • United States has an embassy in Port of Spain.
 Venezuela
  • Trinidad and Tobago has an embassy in Caracas.
  • Venezuela has an embassy in Port of Spain.

International organisations[edit]

On its 1962 independence, Trinidad and Tobago joined the United Nations and Commonwealth of Nations. In 1967, it became the first Commonwealth country to join the Organization of American States (OAS).

In 1995, Trinidad played host to the inaugural meeting of the Association of Caribbean States and has become the seat of this 35-member grouping, which seeks to further economic progress and integration among its states.

As the most industrialized and second-largest country in the English-speaking Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago has taken a leading role in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), and strongly supports CARICOM economic integration efforts. It also is active in the Summit of the Americas process and supports the establishment of the Free Trade Area of the Americas, lobbying other nations for seating the Secretariat in Port of Spain. As a member of CARICOM, Trinidad and Tobago strongly backed efforts by the United States to bring political stability to Haiti, contributing personnel to the Multinational Force in 1994.

Trinidad and Tobago is also a member-state of the International Criminal Court, without a Bilateral Immunity Agreement of protection for the U.S. military (as covered under Article 98).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ http://www.itamaraty.gov.br/pt-BR/ficha-pais/6486-republica-de-trinidad-e-tobago
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ [3]
  5. ^ [4]
  6. ^ Sahadeo Basdeo and Graeme Mount (2001). The Foreign Relations of Trinidad and Tobago (1962-2000). Lexicon. ISBN 976-631-023-8. The French presence in Trinidad and Tobago dates back two centuries. It is not surprising that French influence ...CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ World trade and arbitration materials v. 11, nos. 1-3 (Werner Pub. Co., 1999), 24.
  8. ^ [5]
  9. ^ "About Trinidad and Tobago - The High Commission of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago". Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
  10. ^ High Commission of India in Port of Spain
  11. ^ Trinidad and Tobago High Commission in New Delhi Archived 2015-04-29 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2014-07-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Trinidad and Tobago
  15. ^ Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago in the United States
  16. ^ Embassy of the Russian Federation in Georgetown about relations with Trinidad and Tobago
  17. ^ [7]
  18. ^ [8]
  19. ^ [9]
  20. ^ http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/latinamerica/countries/20070803/1_24567.jsp?menu=m_30_30

External links[edit]