Four Comprehensives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Four Comprehensives, or the Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy[1] (Chinese: 四个全面战略布局) is a list of political goals for China, put forward by Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in 2014. They are:

  1. Comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society
  2. Comprehensively deepen reform
  3. Comprehensively govern the nation according to law
  4. Comprehensively strictly govern the Party.[2]

Some scholars argue that as a matter of fact, there are exactly the same or very similar statements of the “four comprehensives” in Deng Xiaoping Theory. [3]

Comprehensively build a moderately prosperous society (Xiaokang society)

The term "moderately prosperous society" dated back to 1979, when Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping said to visiting Japanese Prime Minister Masayoshi Ōhira that "Xiaokang society was the goal of Chinese modernization".[4]

In 1997, the term "building a moderately prosperous society" was officially adopted in General Secretary Jiang Zemin's report to the 15th CPC National Congress. [5]

In 2002, the term was changed to "comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society" in the report to the 16th CPC National Congress. [6]

In 2012, "Completing the Building of a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects" was first introduced in Hu Jintao's report to the 18th CPC National Congress.[7]

Timeline[edit]

The Four Comprehensives have been developed incrementally during the early years of Xi's tenure:[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "今年首批中央文献重要术语"外语版"出炉 共30个". www.guancha.cn. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  2. ^ "China's Xi Jinping unveils new 'four comprehensives' slogans - BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved April 8, 2016.
  3. ^ "党媒造势"四个全面" 中共举新理论大旗_中国-多维新闻网". news.dwnews.com. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  4. ^ 1097. "1979年12月6号 邓小平谈"小康"--资料中心--中国共产党新闻网". cpc.people.com.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  5. ^ "江泽民在中国共产党第十五次全国代表大会上的报告". www.gov.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  6. ^ "江泽民提出全面建设小康社会的奋斗目标". www.people.com.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  7. ^ 陈霞. "Full text: Report of Hu Jintao to the 18th CPC National Congress". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  8. ^ "港媒:"四个全面"凸显治国总体方略顶层设计". China News Service. Retrieved October 28, 2016.

See also[edit]