Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri

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Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri
Giovan francesco de' rossi, monumento al cardinale francesco cennini, 1668, 03.jpg
Tomb of Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri
ChurchCatholic Church
Consecration21 Oct 1612
by Giovanni Garzia Mellini
Personal details
Born21 November 1566
Sarteano, Italy
Died2 October 1645 (age 78)

Francesco Cennini de' Salamandri (21 November 1566 – 2 October 1645) was an Italian Catholic Cardinal.


Cennini de' Salamandri was born 21 November 1566 in Sarteano into a noble family of Marquises of Castiglioncello del Trinoro.[1] He received a Doctorate utroque iure and was ordained a priest in 1591 at age 24.

He was named the parish priest of Sarteano, and Archpriest and Vicar-General of the Diocese of Chiusi before going to Rome to work as a legal advocate. In 1612, he was elected the Bishop of Amelia and became a Signatory of the Apostolic Penitentiary and served as Governor of Rome for eight years. On 21 October 1612, he was consecrated bishop by Giovanni Garzia Mellini, Cardinal-Priest of Santi Quattro Coronati, with Alessandro Ludovisi, Archbishop of Bologna, and Lorenzo Landi, Bishop of Fossombrone, serving as co-consecrators.[1][2] In 1618, he was named Nuncio to Spain and remained there until 1621 and the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem - a title he retained until 1645.

Cennini de' Salamandri was elevated to Cardinal in 1621 but did not participate in the Papal conclave that year. He did participate in the conclave of 1623 that elected Pope Urban VIII and was made Bishop of Faenza later that year where he served for 18 years.

He was appointed the Cardinal-Priest of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto in 1641, resigned as Bishop of Faenza in 1643 and participated in the Papal conclave of 1644 that elected Pope Innocent X. He was named Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy[3] and Vice-Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals later in 1644.

The following year, 1645, he was appointed Cardinal-Priest of Porto e Santa Rufina but he died on 2 October, only six months later. He was buried at the foot of the tomb of Pope Pius V in the Cappella Paolina.

While bishop, he was the principal co-consecrator of Mario Sassi, Archbishop of Rossano (1612); Giovanni Francesco Guidi di Bagno, Titular Archbishop of Patrae and Apostolic Nuncio to Flanders (1614); and Domenico Bonzi, Titular Bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia and Coadjutor Bishop of Béziers (1616).[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Miranda, Salvador. "CENNINI DE' SALAMANDRI, Francesco (1566-1645)". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Florida International University. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b Cheney, David M. "Francesco Cardinal Cennini de' Salamandri". Retrieved June 16, 2018. [self-published]
  3. ^ Congregation for the Clergy
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Antonio Maria Franceschini
Bishop of Amelia
1612 – 1623
Succeeded by
Domenico Pichi
Preceded by
Antonio Caetani (iuniore)
Apostolic Nuncio to Spain
1618 – 1621
Succeeded by
Alessandro di Sangro
Preceded by
Scipione Gonzaga
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem
1618 – 1645
Succeeded by
Preceded by
François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis
Cardinal-Priest of San Marcello
1621 – 1641
Succeeded by
Pierdonato Cesi (iuniore)
Preceded by
Marco Antonio Gozzadini
Bishop of Faenza
1623 – 1643
Succeeded by
Carlo Rossetti
Preceded by
Felice Centini
Cardinal-Priest of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto
1641 – 1645
Succeeded by
Carlo de' Medici
Preceded by
Giambattista Pamphilj
Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy
1644 – 1645
Succeeded by
Pier Luigi Carafa
Preceded by
Pier Paolo Crescenzi
Cardinal-Priest of Porto-Santa Rufina
Succeeded by
Giulio Roma