Frank Owen (politician)
Photo of Owen published in 1929
|Born||4 November 1905|
|Died||23 January 1979(aged 73)|
|Alma mater||Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge|
Grace Stewart McGillivray
(m. 1939; died 1968)
Humphrey Frank Owen OBE (4 November 1905 – 23 January 1979) was a British journalist, author, and radical Liberal Member of Parliament. He was Liberal MP for Hereford between 1929 and 1931. He was editor of the Evening Standard and the Daily Mail. He was awarded the OBE in 1946.
He was born in Hereford on 4 November 1905, the son of an innkeeper Thomas Humphrey Owen and Cicely Hannah Green. He was educated at Monmouth School and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. He graduated from Cambridge with honours in history. He married, in 1939, Grace Stewart McGillivray of Boston, USA. She died in 1968.
Journalism and books
He worked as a journalist on the South Wales Argus, 1928–29, and the Daily Express, 1931–37. He was editor of the Evening Standard from 1938 to 1941. He was a fierce anti-Nazi, and during the years of appeasement he made a feature of rewriting Mein Kampf week after week to sound the alarm. In 1940, along with Michael Foot and Peter Howard he was one of the authors of Guilty Men, a denunciation of appeasement and an attack on Neville Chamberlain and Lord Halifax, amongst others.
During the Second World War he served with the Royal Tank Regiment 1942–43 and was commissioned in September 1943. He served with South East Asia Command 1944–46; editing SEAC, the services newspaper of South East Asia Command, at the request of Louis Mountbatten. For his services in South East Asia Lt-Col Owen was made an OBE. He was editor of the Daily Mail from 1947–50.
His other books include: The Three Dictators: Mussolini, Stalin, Hitler (1941), The Fall of Singapore, The Campaign in Burma (1946), The Eddie Chapman Story (with Eddie Chapman, 1953), and Tempestuous Journey: Lloyd George His Life and Times (1954).
In 1929 he volunteered to assist Liberal Party headquarters in London with election propaganda. At the eleventh hour he was selected as Liberal candidate for his home constituency of Hereford at the 1929 General Election. It was a supposedly safe Unionist seat that the Liberals had not won since 1892.
|Liberal||Humphrey Frank Owen||14,208||48.7|
|Unionist||Frederic Carnegie Romilly||13,087||44.8|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing|
He was elected at the age of 23 years, 245 days. Upon taking his seat in the House of Commons he became the Baby of the House (the youngest member of the House of Commons). In 1931, when Liberal Party leader David Lloyd George decided to leave the National Government, Owen was the only Liberal MP who was not related to Lloyd George to remain loyal to his leader. Owen fought the 1931 General Election therefore as an official Liberal candidate opposed to the National government. He was comfortably defeated;
|Conservative||James Purdon Lewes Thomas||19,418||60.9||+12.2|
|Liberal||Humphrey Frank Owen||12,465||39.1||-5.7|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.0|
He stepped away from politics to concentrate on his journalistic career. He wrote a sympathetic biography of his former leader Lloyd George, Tempestuous Journey: Lloyd George His Life and Times (Hutchinson of London; 1954). After a break of 24 years he again fought the Hereford seat in 1955. The Liberal party was very weak at the time, but he managed to achieve one of their better results, significantly pushing Labour into third place;
|Conservative||James Purdon Lewes Thomas||18,058||51.8||-9.5|
|Liberal||Humphrey Frank Owen||8,658||24.8||n/a|
His Conservative opponent was then elevated to the House of Lords causing a vacancy. Owen was chosen again as Liberal candidate for the 1956 Hereford by-election. The Liberal campaign was able to present him as the main challenger, having won second place in 1955. This helped him increase his vote and come to within 2,000 votes of the Tory candidate;
|Conservative||James David Gibson-Watt||12,129||44.3||-7.5|
|Liberal||Humphrey Frank Owen||9,979||36.4||+11.6|
|Labour||Bryan Capewell Stanley||5,277||19.3||-4.1|
After this attempt he declined to stand for parliament again. He was replaced as Hereford Liberal candidate by Robin Day.
He was once asked whether it were true that he had been a Member of Parliament. "Yes," he said, "I was elected by the highly intelligent, far-sighted people of the constituency of Hereford in 1929 – and thrown out by the same besotted mob two years later." This is often misquoted.
In 1993 a biography Firebrand, the Frank Owen Story by Gron Williams was published by Square One Publications.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Frank Owen
- entry in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/31521
- "Owen, (Humphrey) Frank". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31521.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- "Owen, Frank, (H. F. Owen)". Who Was Who. ukwhoswho.com. 1920–2016 (April 2014 online ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U158180. Retrieved 21 June 2019. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
- London Gazette, Issue 36234 published on 2 November 1943. Page 1
- The Times House of Commons, 1955
- London Gazette Issue 37576 published on 21 May 1946. Page 2 amended by Gazette Issue 40426 published on 8 March 1955. Page 2
- The Times House of Commons 1929
- British parliamentary election results 1885–1918, Craig, F. W. S.
- British parliamentary election results 1918–1949, Craig, F. W. S.
- Quoted in 1997 by Paul Keetch (the next Liberal MP for Hereford) in his maiden speech
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Member of Parliament for Hereford
| Editor of the Evening Standard
| Editor of the Daily Mail