Frederick Robie

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Frederick Robie
Frederick Robie (Maine Governor).jpg
39th Governor of Maine
In office
January 3, 1883 – January 5, 1887
Preceded byHarris M. Plaisted
Succeeded byJoseph R. Bodwell
Member of the Maine Senate
In office
Member of the Maine House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
BornAugust 12, 1822
Gorham, Maine, USA
DiedFebruary 3, 1912(1912-02-03) (aged 89)
Political partyRepublican
Alma materBowdoin College

Frederick Robie (August 12, 1822 – February 3, 1912) was an American physician and politician who most notably served as the 39th Governor of Maine.

Early life[edit]

Robie was born in Gorham, Maine and studied at the Gorham Academy. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1841. After graduation, he taught at academies in the Southern states and served as a tutor to the family of Dennis DuPont Hankins, a plantation owner in the Territory of Florida. He then took a medical course at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, and received his medical degree in 1844. He had a successful medical career and established medical practices in Biddeford, Maine, and then in Waldoboro, Maine. He later practiced medicine in his hometown of Gorham.

Civil War[edit]

During the American Civil War, Robie accepted an appointment from President Abraham Lincoln as Paymaster of United States Volunteers. He served with the Army of the Potomac from 1861 to 1863. Robie then was transferred to Boston as Chief Paymaster of the Department of New England. He later served in Maine administering the final payments of discharged soldiers.


Robie was elected to the Maine House of Representatives in 1859. Re-elected in 1860, he left office to serve in the Union Army. At the end of the war, Robie was elected to the Maine Senate in 1866 and 1867. He was Speaker of the Maine House of Representatives in 1872 and 1876. He served as a member of the Executive Council of Maine in 1880 and from 1881 to 1882. In 1882 he was the Republican nominee for Governor and was elected by a popular vote. He was re-elected in 1884 by nearly 20,000 votes. He left office on January 5, 1887.

Later years[edit]

After leaving office, Robie continued his medical practice. He also served on the boards of directors of the First National Bank of Portland and the Portland and Rochester Railroad Company. He died on February 3, 1912.


  • Sobel, Robert and John Raimo. Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States, 1789-1978. Greenwood Press, 1988. ISBN 0-313-28093-2
  • "Governor Frederick Robie". Retrieved 2007-12-08.


Political offices
Preceded by
Harris M. Plaisted
Governor of Maine
Succeeded by
Joseph R. Bodwell