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GAZ-61V / GAZ-61B
( ГАЗ-61B / ГАЗ-61Б )
Production238 (1938–1945)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size car
LayoutF4 layout
Engine3485 cc 6-cyl 4-stroke, 85 hp at 3,600 rpm
Wheelbase2,845 mm (112.0 in)
Length4,670 mm (183.9 in)
Width1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height1,905 mm (75.0 in)
Curb weight1,650 kg (3,638 lb)
PredecessorGAZ M21 - GAZ M25

GAZ-61 was a four wheel drive car from USSR manufacturer GAZ first introduced in 1938 by designer V. A. Gratchev, to replace his too-complex model GAZ-M2. It is the world's first off-road vehicle of its class in production.


It was made by putting the GAZ M2 body on a four-wheel-drive chassis (one of the world's first all-wheel drive passenger cars). It could climb angles up to 38 degrees and cross water up to 72 cm (28 in) deep.

The first version, produced from 1940 to 1941, was a 5-seated 4-door phaeton. It was powered by a 3,485 cc (212.7 cu in) 6-cyl 4-stroke engine with 85 hp (63 kW) and a top speed of 100 km/h (62 mph). Many supreme commanders of the Red Army headquarters used this car in 1941.

In 1941, the updated GAZ-61-73 was introduced. It was now a 5-seat, 4-door 6-light saloon with the same engine, but now rated at a top speed of 107 km/h (66 mph).

The GAZ-61 was produced not only in civilian black but also in blue and Russian 4BO green, together with the typical cross-country tread tires.

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