George D. Wise

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George Douglas Wise
GeorgeDWise.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byEdmund Waddill, Jr.
Succeeded byTazewell Ellett
In office
March 4, 1881 – April 10, 1890
Preceded byJoseph E. Johnston
Succeeded byEdmund Waddill, Jr.
Chairman of the House Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce
In office
March 28, 1892 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byRoger Quarles Mills
Succeeded byWilliam Peters Hepburn
Chairman of the House Committee on Manufactures
In office
March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1889
Preceded byJohn Holroyd Bagley, Jr.
Succeeded byHenry Bacon
Personal details
BornJune 4, 1831
Deep Creek, Accomack County, Virginia
DiedFebruary 4, 1906(1906-02-04) (aged 74)
Richmond, Virginia
Resting placeHollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materIndiana University
College of William and Mary
Professionlawyer
Military service
Allegiance Confederate States of America
Branch/service Confederate States Army
RankConfederate States of America Captain.png Captain
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

George Douglas Wise (June 4, 1831 – February 4, 1906) was a U.S. Representative from Virginia, cousin of John Sergeant Wise and Richard Alsop Wise and nephew of Henry Alexander Wise.

Biography[edit]

The son of Tully Robinson and Margaret Douglas Pettitt (Wise) Wise, he was born at "Deep Creek," the Wise estate in Accomack County, near Onancock, Virginia, Wise was graduated from Indiana University at Bloomington. He studied law in the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia. He was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Richmond, Virginia. He served as captain in the Confederate States Army during the Civil War. He was Commonwealth's attorney of the city of Richmond from 1870 to 1889, when he resigned.

Wise was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-seventh and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1889). He served as chairman of the Committee on Manufactures (Forty-ninth Congress). Presented credentials as a Member-elect to the Fifty-first Congress and served from March 4, 1889, to April 10, 1890, when he was succeeded by Edmund Waddill, Jr., who contested his election.

Wise embraced ideas of a master race, once telling the House of Representatives that "if I could I would not have the mingling of Caucasian blood with that of any inferior race."[1] He referred to Chinese immigrants as "this indigestible mass . . . inferior in mental and moral qualities . . . a continual menace to the existence of republican institutions.”[2]

Wise was elected to the Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses (March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1895). He served as chairman of the committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce (Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses). Wise was a delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1901-1902. He died in Richmond, Virginia, February 4, 1906. He was interred in Hollywood Cemetery.

Electoral History[edit]

  • 1880; Wise was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives with 55.94% of the vote, defeating Readjuster John Sergeant Wise and Republican H.L. Pelonze.
  • 1882; Wise was re-elected with 57.12% of the vote, defeating Readjuster John Ambler Smith.
  • 1884; Wise was re-elected with 52.4% of the vote, defeating Republican Robert T. Hubbard.
  • 1886; Wise was re-elected with 52.73% of the vote, defeating Republican Edmund Waddill, Jr.
  • 1888; Wise was re-elected with 50.42% of the vote, however the results were contested and Republican Waddill, Jr. was seated.
  • 1890; Wise was re-elected unopposed.
  • 1892; Wise was re-elected with 63.94% of the vote, defeating Republican Walter E. Grant.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 13 Cong. Rec Appendix 64
  2. ^ 13 Cong. Rec Appendix 64

Sources[edit]

  • United States Congress. "George D. Wise (id: W000648)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Joseph E. Johnston
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd congressional district

1881–1890
Succeeded by
Edmund Waddill, Jr.
Preceded by
Edmund Waddill, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 3rd congressional district

1891–1895
Succeeded by
Tazewell Ellett
Political offices
Preceded by
Roger Quarles Mills
Texas
Chairman of the House Interstate and Foreign Commerce Committee
1892–1895
Succeeded by
William Peters Hepburn
Iowa
Preceded by
John Holroyd Bagley, Jr.
New York
Chairman of the House Manufactures Committee
1887–1889
Succeeded by
Henry Bacon
New York