George E. P. Box
George Box  

Born  Gravesend, Kent, England  18 October 1919
Died  28 March 2013  (aged 93)
Residence  United Kingdom, United States 
Alma mater  University College London 
Known for  
Awards 

Scientific career  
Fields  
Institutions  
Thesis  Departures from Independence and Homoskedasticity in the Analysis of Variance and Related Statistical Analysis (1953) 
Doctoral advisor 

Doctoral students  John F. MacGregor^{[2]} Greta M. Ljung 
Influences  Ronald Fisher 
Influenced  Norman Draper George C. Tiao 
George Edward Pelham Box FRS^{[1]} (18 October 1919 – 28 March 2013) was a British statistician, who worked in the areas of quality control, timeseries analysis, design of experiments, and Bayesian inference. He has been called "one of the great statistical minds of the 20th century".^{[3]}^{[4]}^{[5]}^{[6]}
Contents
Education and early life[edit]
He was born in Gravesend, Kent, England. Upon entering university he began to study chemistry, but was called up for service before finishing. During World War II, he performed experiments for the British Army exposing small animals to poison gas. To analyze the results of his experiments, he taught himself statistics from available texts. After the war, he enrolled at University College London and obtained a bachelor's degree in mathematics and statistics. He received a PhD from the University of London in 1953, under the supervision of Egon Pearson.^{[2]}^{[7]}
Career and research[edit]
From 1948 to 1956, Box worked as a statistician for Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI). While at ICI, he took a leave of absence for a year and served as a visiting professor at North Carolina State University at Raleigh. He later went to Princeton University where he served as Director of the Statistical Research Group.
In 1960, Box moved to the University of Wisconsin–Madison to create the Department of Statistics. He was appointed Vilas Research Professor of Statistics (the highest honor accorded to any faculty member at the University of Wisconsin–Madison) in 1980.^{[8]} Box and Bill Hunter cofounded the Center for Quality and Productivity Improvement at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1984. Box officially retired in 1992, becoming an Emeritus Professor.
Box published books including Statistics for Experimenters (2nd ed., 2005), Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control (4th ed., 2008, with Gwilym Jenkins and Gregory C. Reinsel) and Bayesian Inference in Statistical Analysis. (1973, with George C. Tiao).
Box cofounded anomaly.io ^{[9]}, a company which provides realtime anomaly detection and alerting services.^{[10]}
Awards and honours[edit]
Box served as President of the American Statistical Association in 1978 and of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics in 1979. He received the Shewhart Medal from the American Society for Quality Control in 1968, the Wilks Memorial Award from the American Statistical Association in 1972, the R. A. Fisher Lectureship in 1974, and the Guy Medal in Gold from the Royal Statistical Society in 1993. Box was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1974 and a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1985.^{[1]}
His name is associated with results in statistics such as Box–Jenkins models, Box–Cox transformations, Box–Behnken designs, and others. Additionally, Box famously wrote, in various books and papers, that "all models are wrong, but some are useful".^{[11]}^{[12]}^{[13]}
Personal life[edit]
Box married Joan Fisher, the second of Ronald Fisher's five daughters. In 1978, Joan Fisher Box published a biography of Ronald Fisher, with substantial collaboration with Box.^{[14]} Box married Claire Quist in 1985.
Box died on 28 March 2013. He was 93 years old.^{[1]}^{[15]}
References[edit]
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} ^{d} Smith, A. F. M. (2015). "George Edward Pelham Box. 10 October 1919 — 28 March 2013". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 61. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2015.0015. ISSN 00804606.
 ^ ^{a} ^{b} ^{c} George E. P. Box at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
 ^ Julian Champkin, "George Box, (19192013): a wit, a kind man and a statistician Archived 15 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine", Significance.
 ^ Morris H. DeGroot (August 1987). "A Conversation with George Box". Statistical Science. 2 (3): 239–258. doi:10.1214/ss/1177013223. JSTOR 2245757.
 ^ Daniel Peña (2001). "George Box: An interview with the International Journal of Forecasting" (PDF). International Journal of Forecasting. 17: 1–9.^{[permanent dead link]}
 ^ Colin Beveridge (5 April 2013). "George E. P. Box (19192013)". The Aperiodical.
 ^ O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "George E. P. Box", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
 ^ George Box University of Wisconsin–Madison home page
 ^ https://anomaly.io/
 ^ "About  Anomaly". Anomaly. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
 ^ Box, G. E. P. (1976), "Science and Statistics" (PDF), Journal of the American Statistical Association, 71: 791–799, doi:10.1080/01621459.1976.10480949.
 ^ Box, G. E. P.; Draper, N. R. (1987), Empirical ModelBuilding and Response Surfaces, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 74, 274.
 ^ Box, G. E. P.; Hunter, J. S.; Hunter, W. G. (2005), Statistics for Experimenters (2nd ed.), John Wiley & Sons, pp. 208, 384, 440.
 ^ Box, Joan Fisher (1978) R. A. Fisher: The Life of a Scientist Preface, ISBN 0471093009
 ^ Bradley Jones. "George Box: A remembrance". SAS Institute Inc. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
External links[edit]
Wikiquote has quotations related to: George E. P. Box 
 BoxBehnken designs from a handbook on engineering statistics at NIST
 ASQ: George E.P. Box Accomplishments in statistics
 Articles and Reports by George Box
 Statistics for Experimenters  Second Edition, 2005 by George Box, William G. Hunter and Stuart Hunter
 Biography of George E. P. Box from the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences
 https://anomaly.io/about/
 1919 births
 People from Gravesend, Kent
 Alumni of University College London
 Imperial Chemical Industries people
 British Army personnel of World War II
 English statisticians
 American statisticians
 Bayesian statisticians
 Fellows of the Royal Society
 Presidents of the American Statistical Association
 Presidents of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics
 University of Wisconsin–Madison faculty
 Fellows of the American Statistical Association
 Probability theorists
 ISI highly cited researchers
 2013 deaths
 Guggenheim Fellows