George L. Shoup
|United States Senator |
December 18, 1890 – March 3, 1901
|Preceded by||None (statehood)|
|Succeeded by||Fred Dubois|
|1st Governor of Idaho|
October 1, 1890 – December 18, 1890
|Lieutenant||N. B. Willey|
(Governor of Idaho Territory)
|Succeeded by||N. B. Willey|
|12th Governor of Idaho Territory|
April 30, 1889 – July 3, 1890
|Preceded by||Edward A. Stevenson|
(as Governor of Idaho)
|Born||June 15, 1836|
|Died||December 21, 1904 (aged 68)|
|Resting place||Pioneer Cemetery, Boise|
|Spouse(s)||Magdalena "Lena" Darnutzer Shoup (1844–1927)|
(m. 1868–1904, his death)
|Children||3 sons, 3 daughters |
|Profession||Miner, merchant, rancher|
|Years of service||1861–1864 |
|Unit||3rd Colorado Cavalry|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
George Laird Shoup (June 15, 1836 – December 21, 1904) was the first Governor of Idaho, and also its last territorial governor. He served several months after statehood in 1890 and then became one of the state's first United States Senators.
Born in western Pennsylvania at Kittanning, northeast of Pittsburgh, Shoup was educated in the public school system. He moved to Galesburg, Illinois, in 1852 and farmed with his father. He married Magdelena "Lena" Darnutzer of Iowa on June 15, 1868, and they had three sons and three daughters, Lena, Laura and Margaret.
During the Civil War he enlisted with the independent scouts working in New Mexico Territory, Colorado Territory, and Texas. Shoup was commissioned as a second lieutenant when the Third Colorado Cavalry was formed in 1861 and was mustered out as a colonel in December 1864. He took part in the Battle of Apache Canyon in New Mexico Territory during the Civil War and the Sand Creek massacre during the Colorado War.
After the war, Shoup moved to Virginia City, Montana Territory, and then settled across the continental divide in Salmon, a city in Idaho Territory that he helped found. He owned general merchandise stores in both locations. Shoup was appointed commissioner to organize Lemhi County, and in 1874 he was elected to the territorial legislature. With few interruptions, he served on the Republican National Committee for Idaho from 1880 to 1904.
In April 1889, President Benjamin Harrison appointed Shoup governor of Idaho Territory, a position he held until July 1890, when Idaho became a state and Idaho Territory ceased to exist. Shoup was elected the state's first governor in October. He served as governor of the new state for only a few weeks. In November 1890 the Idaho Legislature elected him to the U.S. Senate. Shoup resigned as governor in December to take his Senate seat and was succeeded by lieutenant governor N. B. Willey.
In the U.S. Senate for over a decade, from 1890 to 1901, Shoup had many interests, including pensions, education, and military affairs. He was chairman of the Committee on Territories. In that position he advocated liberal and just treatment of the Native Americans. Shoup was reelected to a full six-year term in the Senate by the state legislature in January 1895, but was defeated in January 1901 by Democrat Fred Dubois, and retired from public life and resided in Boise.
Two years later at age 66, Shoup made a final attempt to return to the U.S. Senate, but bowed out of the four-man race for the Republican nomination in the legislature in January 1903. He gave his support to fellow Pennsylvania native Weldon Heyburn of the Silver Valley, who defeated Boise attorney William Borah for the nomination and Democrat James Hawley of Boise for the seat. Four years later, Borah easily won the other U.S. Senate seat, and served for nearly 33 years.
Shoup died in Boise at age 68 on December 21, 1904, and was given a state funeral in Idaho. He is interred in Boise's Pioneer Cemetery, alongside his wife Lena, who died at Salmon in 1927.
In 1910, the state of Idaho donated a marble statue of Shoup to the National Statuary Hall Collection at the U.S. Capitol. It was joined by a statue of Senator Borah (1865–1940) in 1947.
The unincorporated community of Shoup on the Salmon River, northwest and downstream of Salmon, was named for him in 1882. During World War II, a Liberty ship named S.S. George L. Shoup (hull #2004) was launched at the Oregon Shipbuilding Corporation in Portland in May 1943. A new men's dormitory at the University of Idaho in Moscow was named for him in 1958.
- "George L. Shoup passes away". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. December 22, 1904. p. 2.
- "George L. Shoup". University of Idaho Library. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
- Baily, Joe, Jr. (February 26, 1950). "Giant of the early West". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. This Week section. p. 7.
- Page 148 and pages 162 and 163, Life of George Bent: Written From His Letters, by George E. Hyde, edited by Savoie Lottinville, University of Oklahoma Press (1968), hardcover, 390 pages; trade paperback, 280 pages (March 1983) ISBN 0-8061-1577-7 ISBN 978-0806115771
- "Masonic temple to be preserved as monument". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. (photo). September 27, 1939. p. 10.
- "George L. Shoup". National Governors Association. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- "George L. Shoup". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved September 14, 2012.
- "Dubois lands the prize". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. January 16, 1901. p. 1.
- "Dubois chosen on first ballot". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 16, 1901. p. 1.
- "Caucus tonight on Senator". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 7, 1903. p. 1.
- "Heyburn to be Senator from Idaho". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 9, 1903. p. 1.
- "Elect Heyburn U.S. Senator". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 14, 1903. p. 3.
- "Weldon Brinton Heyburn, 1852-1912, Papers, 1889-1911". University of Idaho Library. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
- "How Heyburn got it". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 17, 1903. p. 4.
- "Borah wins long fight". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. January 16, 1907. p. 3.
- "Joint session ratifies Borah". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. January 17, 1907. p. 1.
- "Idaho bestows toga on Borah". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 18, 1907. p. 1.
- "Veterans' tribute to Shoup". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. December 29, 1904. p. 4.
- "Mrs. George L. Shoup dead". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Idaho. Associated Press. June 19, 1927. p. 1.
- "She dwelt in Idaho for 60 years". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. June 21, 1927. p. 4.
- "Plan statue to Shoup". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. July 17, 1907. p. 1.
- "Idaho honors pioneer". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. August 1, 1909. p. 8.
- "Idaho's tribute to Geo. L. Shoup". Deseret News. Salt Lake City, Utah. January 21, 1910. p. 9.
- "Statue of Borah unveiled today". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. Associated Press. June 6, 1947. p. 1.
- Barrette, Keith (November 23, 1958). "Historic town has new owner". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. p. 20.
- "Shoup and Ulysses" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Reference Series #386. 1980. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
- "New ship named for first governor of Idaho". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. Associated Press. May 3, 1943. p. 2.
- "Hansen & Parr bid low on repair of Gault Hall". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. Associated Press. July 2, 1957. p. 6.
- "Work started on Shoup Hall". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. November 30, 1957. p. 5.
- "Dorm to open". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. (photo). August 14, 1958. p. b3.
- "Shoup Hall". Gem of the Mountains, University of Idaho yearbook. 1959. p. 167.
- "First governor's papers given Idaho". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Washington. January 11, 1958. p. 6.
- "Gift rich in lore of Idaho's past". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. January 13, 1958. p. 6.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to George L. Shoup.|
- "Architect of the Capitol at www.aoc.gov". Archived from the original on October 25, 2004. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
United States Congress. "SHOUP, George Laird (id: S000382)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- National Governors Association
- University of Idaho Library
- Idaho State Historical Society, Reference Series #550 (1971)
- George L. Shoup at Find a Grave
| U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Idaho
Served alongside: William J. McConnell, Fred T. Dubois, Henry Heitfeld
Fred T. Dubois
| Governor of Idaho
N. B. Willey