George Mason V

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George Mason V
George Mason V

(1753-04-30)April 30, 1753
Virginia, US
DiedDecember 5, 1796(1796-12-05) (aged 43)
Resting placeGunston Hall, Fairfax County, Virginia
ResidenceGunston Hall, Fairfax County, Virginia
Lexington, Fairfax County, Virginia
Occupationplanter, businessperson, militia leader
Spouse(s)Elizabeth "Betsey" Mary Ann Barnes Hooe
Children6, including George Mason VI and Richard Barnes Mason
Parent(s)George Mason IV
Ann Eilbeck

George Mason V of Lexington (30 April 1753 – 5 December 1796) was a planter, businessman, and militia leader. Mason was the eldest son of United States patriot, statesman, and delegate from Virginia to the U.S. Constitutional Convention, George Mason IV and his wife Ann Eilbeck.[1] He received his early education from private tutors at Gunston Hall[1] and was given Lexington plantation on Mason's Neck by his father in 1774.[1] In 1775, he named his plantation to commemorate the Battle of Lexington in Massachusetts.[1]

Mason joined the Fairfax County Independent Militia in 1775 and was elected Ensign.[1] He developed a rheumatic disorder that plagued him for the remainder of his life.[1] In 1776, he commanded a militia company sent to Hampton, Virginia to protect the coast from Lord Dunmore's assaults, but was forced to quit the military on account of his increasingly poor health.[1] He travelled to France between 1779 and 1783 for business purposes and to improve his health.[1] At his father's request, George Washington wrote Mason letters of introduction to the marquis de Lafayette and Benjamin Franklin in Paris.[1] While in France, he settled in Nantes, where he became involved in the tobacco trade and occasionally arranged for shipments of goods to his father.[1]

Upon the death of his father in 1792, Mason inherited the entirety of Mason's Neck.[2] He died four years later at Lexington, on 5 December 1796, after suffering from chronic ill health for his entire adult life.[1] He was interred in the Mason family graveyard at Gunston Hall. In 1803, his widow Betsey married George Graham.[1]

His will divided Mason's Neck into two approximately equal tracts along a north-south axis from Causeway Point to Martin Cockburn's south boundary line.[2] His eldest son George Mason VI received the eastern tract with the ownership privilege of either Lexington or Gunston Hall, of which he chose the latter.[2] Another of his sons, William Eilbeck Mason, received the western half of the Neck.[2]


Gravestone at Mason's interment site in the Mason Family Cemetery at Gunston Hall.

Mason married Elizabeth "Betsey" Mary Ann Barnes Hooe, daughter of Gerard Hooe and Sarah Barnes of Barnesfield, King George County, on 22 April 1784.[1] They had six children:[1]

  • Elizabeth Mary Ann Barnes Mason Hooe (9 March 1785–25 March 1827)[1]
  • George Mason VI (11 August 1786–21 August 1834)[1]
  • William Eilbeck Mason (3 February 1788–22 November 1820)[1]
  • Ann Eilbeck Mason Grymes (1 April 1791–5 November 1864)[1]
  • Sarah Barnes Hooe Mason Stith (27 May 1794–11 September 1877)[1]
  • Richard Barnes Mason (16 January 1797–26 July 1850)[1]

He was a son of George Mason (1725–1792);[1] nephew of Thomson Mason (1733–1785);[1] first cousin of Stevens Thomson Mason (1760–1803), John Thomson Mason (1765–1824), and William Temple Thomson Mason (1782–1862);[1] father of George Mason VI (1786–1834) and Richard Barnes Mason (1797–1850);[1] uncle of Thomson Francis Mason (1785–1838) and James Murray Mason (1798–1871);[1] first cousin once removed of Armistead Thomson Mason (1787–1819), John Thomson Mason (1787–1850), and John Thomson Mason Jr. (1815–1873);[1] and first cousin twice removed of Stevens Thomson Mason (1811–1843).[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa Gunston Hall. "Family of George Mason of Gunston Hall: George Mason (V) of Lexington". Gunston Hall. Archived from the original on 2008-02-11. Retrieved 2008-02-15.
  2. ^ a b c d Robert Morgan Moxham (1975). "FThe Colonial Plantations of George Mason". Gunston Hall. Archived from the original on February 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-15.