Geraldo Majella Agnelo

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His Eminence

Geraldo Majella Agnelo
Cardinal, Archbishop Emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia
Cardinal Agnelo in 2006
Appointed13 January 1999
Term ended12 January 2011
PredecessorLucas Moreira Neves
SuccessorMurilo Sebastião Ramos Krieger
Other postsCardinal-Priest of S. Gregorio Magno alla Magliana Nuova
Ordination29 June 1957
by Antônio Maria Alves de Siqueira
Consecration6 August 1978
by Paulo Evaristo Arns
Created cardinal21 February 2001
Personal details
Birth nameGeraldo Majella Agnelo
Born (1933-10-19) 19 October 1933 (age 86)
Juiz de Fora, Brazil
DenominationRoman Catholic
MottoCaritas cum Fide
Coat of armsGeraldo Majella Agnelo's coat of arms

Geraldo Majella Agnelo (born 19 October 1933) is a Brazilian Roman Catholic Cardinal. He is Archbishop Emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia and Primate Emeritus of Brazil.

Early life and ordination[edit]

Agnelo was born in Juiz de Fora. He was ordained for the Archdiocese of São Paulo on 29 June 1957, and holds a doctorate in liturgy from the Pontifical Athenaeum of St Anselm,[which?] Rome.

Agnelo was director of the philosophical seminary, Aparecida. He was spiritual director and professor at Immaculate Conception Seminary, Ipiranga. He was professor of liturgical and sacramental theology at Pius XI Theological Institute, and rector of Our Lady of the Assumption Seminary.


On 5 May 1978, Agnelo was appointed the second Bishop of Toledo, Paraná, and was consecrated on 6 August. On 4 October 1982, he was promoted to Archbishop of Londrina. Agnelo was President of the Brazilian Bishops' Liturgical Commission. On 16 September 1991, he was appointed Secretary of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments. Agnelo was named Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia on 13 January 1999.


Styles of
Geraldo Majella Agnelo
Coat of arms of Geraldo Majella Agnelo.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeSão Salvador da Bahia

In May 1999 Agnelo was nominated Vice President of the General Conference of Latin American Bishops (CELAM). He was Elected president of the National Conference of Brazilian Bishops in May 2003, and was made Cardinal-Priest of San Gregorio Magno alla Magliana Nuova (St. Gregory the Great at Magliana Nuova) by Pope John Paul II in the consistory of 21 February 2001.

Agnelo was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that selected Pope Benedict XVI, and was considered papabile himself at the time.

Agnelo resigned as Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia on 12 January 2011, and was succeeded by Murilo Sebastião Ramos Krieger.

He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that selected Pope Francis.

Curial membership (held until his 80th birthday):


2005 conclave[edit]

In April 2005, he said that he was very happy at the selection of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger as the new Pope of the Catholic Church.[1]

Catholic-Lutheran dialogue[edit]

Agnelo has supported efforts to improve dialogue between Lutherans and Catholics.[2]


Cardinal Agnelo expressed concern with Brazilian politicians over a plan to legalize abortion in the country.[3]


External links[edit]

  • "Agnelo Card. Geraldo Majella". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  • Cardinal Agnelo bio
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Lucas Moreira Neves
Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia
13 January 1999–12 January 2011
Succeeded by
Murilo Sebastião Ramos Krieger
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Dias Toffoli
as President of the Supreme Federal Court
Brazilian order of precedence
6th in line
as Brazilian cardinal
Followed by
Ministers of State