Glenwood Shale

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Glenwood Shale
Stratigraphic range: Ordovician
UnderliesPlatteville Formation
OverliesSt. Peter Sandstone
CountryUnited States
Paleozoic Stratigraphy of the Upper Midwest, USA
Dates are approximate, and deposition occurred at slightly different times in different areas
Platteville Limestone / Group (455–454 Ma)
Ancell Group (454–455 Ma)
Glenwood Shale (~455 Ma)
St. Peter Sandstone (~459–~455 Ma)
--- Major Erosional Unconformity ---


Potsdam Supergroup/Potsdam Sandstone Megagroup
Munising Group
Davis Formation
Franconia Formation
Ironton Sandstone
Galesville Sandstone
Eau Claire Formation
Mount Simon Sandstone

The Glenwood shale cropping out in Minneapolis, Minnesota. In this photo, it is the thin, darker layer that lies between the Platteville Limestone (above: the less-eroded, layered unit that constitutes the majority of the photo) and the St. Peter Sandstone (below: a thin, white stripe of in-place rock followed by a slope of eroded St. Peter Sandstone material).

The Glenwood Shale is a thin Ordivician shale formation in the sedimentary sequence characteristic of the upper Midwestern United States.

It lies under the Platteville Limestone and above the Saint Peter Sandstone. Together, these three units represent a sequence of sea-level rise during Ordovician time. Because it is often very thin (~10 cm or less in the Twin Cities), it is often ignored in the general stratigraphy.


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