Gogodala–Suki languages

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Gogodala–Suki
Suki – Aramia River
Geographic
distribution
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationPapuan Gulf ?
  • Gogodala–Suki
Subdivisions
Glottologsuki1244[1]
Gogodala-Suki languages.svg
Map: The Gogodala–Suki languages of New Guinea
  The Gogodala–Suki languages
  Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages
  Uninhabited

The Gogodala–Suki languages are a family of Trans–New Guinea languages in the classification of Malcolm Ross. The four language are clearly related.

Languages[edit]

The languages are:

Gogodala–Suki languages and respective demographic information listed by Evans (2018) are provided below.[2]

List of Gogodala-Suki languages
Language Location Population
Suki north-central Morehead Rural LLG 3,500
Gogodala Gogodala Rural LLG 26,000
Ari Gogodala Rural LLG ?
Waruna Gogodala Rural LLG ?

Pronouns[edit]

Pronouns are:

sg pl
1 *ne ?
2 *a *de

Evolution[edit]

Gogodalic-Suki reflexes of proto-Trans-New Guinea (pTNG) etyma are:[3]

Gogodala language:

  • omo ‘breast’ < *amu
  • magata ‘mouth, jaw’ < *maŋgat[a]
  • mele-pila ‘tongue’ < *mele-mbilaŋ
  • imu ‘eye’ < *(ŋg,k)amu
  • mi ‘louse’ < *iman, *niman
  • kadepa ‘sun’ < *kand(a,e)pa
  • ila ‘tree, fire’ < *inda
  • na- ‘eat’ < *na-
  • mana- ‘sit, stay’ < *mVna-

Suki language:

  • gigoa ‘cassowary’ < *ku(y)a
  • na- ‘eat’ < *na-

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Suki–Gogodala". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Evans, Nicholas (2018). "The languages of Southern New Guinea". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 641–774. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  3. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.