Cow urine

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Cow urine

Cow urine, also referred to as gomutra or gaumutra (Sanskrit: गोमूत्र Gōmūtra; cow urine) is used for therapeutic purposes in ancient Ayurvedic medicine.[1][2] Urine of a pregnant cow is considered special; it is claimed to contain special hormones and minerals.[1] While cow urine and cow dung has benefits as fertilizers, researchers debunk any other claim of curing diseases and consider it pseudo-science.[3][4][5]

Cow urine is also used in folk medicine in India, Myanmar and Nigeria.

Claimed benefits and usage[edit]

In religious rituals[edit]

Some hindus claim that cow urine has a special significance as a medicinal drink.[6][7] The sprinkling of cow urine is said to have a spiritual cleansing effect as well.[8][9] Cattle were a basic economic unit in ancient India, and cows are holy for some Hindus and their slaughter is considered to be sin.

For pharmaceutical purposes[edit]

Cow's urine used as a medical treatment in India. A sick man is held over a cow's hindquarters, so that the cow's urine streams onto his face.

In Ayurveda, Gomutra is claimed to be helpful in the treatment of leprosy, fever, peptic ulcer, liver ailments, anaemia and cancer.[2][10]

Cow urine is also used in Myanmar and Nigeria as a folk medicine.[11][12] In Nigeria, a concoction of leaves of tobacco, garlic and lemon basil juice, rock salt and cow urine is used to treat convulsions in children.[12] This has resulted in the death of several children from respiratory depression.[13]

As a floor cleaner[edit]

A floor-cleaning fluid called Gaunyle is marketed by an organisation called Holy Cow Foundation.[14] Maneka Gandhi, Women and Child Development Minister, has proposed that Gaunyle be used instead of Phenyl in government offices.[15] In May 2015, Rajendra Singh Rathore, Medical and Health Minister of Rajasthan, inaugurated a 40 million (US$580,000) cow-urine refinery in Jalore.[16][17] The refinery was set up by Parthvimeda Gau Pharma Pvt. Ltd. which produces a floor cleaner called Gocleaner.[17]

In organic farming[edit]

Jeevamrutha storage cans

Gomutra is used as a manure for production of rice.[18] Jeevamrutha is a fertilizer made from a mixture of cow urine, cow dung, jaggery, pulse flour and rhizosphere soil.[19] A mixture of gomutra, custard apple leaves and neem leaves after boiling is said to serve as a biopesticide.[18]

Scientific studies[edit]

A 1975 study on mice found that cow urine causes death in high doses.[20] A similar 1976 study on dogs showed that repeated administration of cow urine concoction as used in Nigerian folk medicine, resulted in hypotension and tachypnea, and also death.[21] A 2001 study found prions in detectable amount in the urine of cows suffering from bovine spongiform encephalopathy.[22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b N. H. Sahasrabudhe; R. D. Mahatme (2000). Mystic Science of Vastu. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. p. 68. ISBN 978-81-207-2206-4. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b T V Sairam (16 January 2008). The Penguin Dictionary of Alternative Medicine. Penguin Books Limited. p. 311. ISBN 978-93-5118-127-9. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  3. ^ Paliwal, Ankur (3 March 2018). "From cure in cow urine to 'superior child', pseudoscience inviting research". Business Standard India – via Business Standard.
  4. ^ RAMACHANDRAN, R. "Of 'cowpathy' & its miracles". Frontline.
  5. ^ Prabhala, Achal; Krishnaswamy, Sudhir (16 June 2016). "Mr. Modi, Don't Patent Cow Urine". The New York Times.
  6. ^ Ben Burrows (13 January 2014). "Pictured: A very few Indian Hindu worshippers drink COW URINE to help prevent cancer". Mirror. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  7. ^ Dean Nelson (11 February 2009). "India makes cola from cow urine". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Kamadhenu Sutra". Outlook India. 10 March 2003. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  9. ^ "Teachers "purify" students with cow urine". Reuters. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  10. ^ "Cow urine aids treatment of cancer, asthma?". The Economic Times. 12 July 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  11. ^ "An amazing cow's urine therapy practice in Myanmar". University of Toyama. hdl:10110/1993. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ a b "Effects of cow urine concoction and nicotine on the nerve-muscle preparation in common African toad Bufo regularis". Biomedical Research. 16 (3): 205–211. 2005.
  13. ^ "Don't use cow urine to treat infant epilepsy, Kwara warns mothers". Premium Times. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  14. ^ "Use cow urine to clean offices, says Maneka Gandhi". The Times of India. 25 March 2015.
  15. ^ "Cow urine cleaner to replace phenyl in government offices". India Today. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  16. ^ "Cow-urine refinery inaugurated at Jalore". Deccan Herald. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  17. ^ a b "Cow urine to be used to clean Rajasthan government hospitals". India Today. 5 May 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Farmer cultivates paddy with cow urine, dung". The Hindu. 13 December 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  19. ^ T. Satyanarayana; Bhavdish Narain Johri; Anil Prakash (2 January 2012). Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Biotechnology. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 63. ISBN 978-94-007-2214-9. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
  20. ^ DD Oyebola; RA Elegbe (1975). "Cow's urine poisoning in Nigeria. Experimental observations in mice". Tropical and Geographical Medicine. 27 (2): 194–202. PMID 1179485.
  21. ^ R. A. Elegbe; D. D. O. Oyebola (1977). "Cow's urine poisoning in Nigeria: cardiorespiratory effects of cow's urine in dogs". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 71 (2): 127–132. doi:10.1016/0035-9203(77)90076-1. PMID 877988.
  22. ^ GM Shaked; Y Shaked; Z Kariv-Inbal; M Halimi (2001). "A protease-resistant prion protein isoform is present in urine of animals and humans affected with prion diseases". Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276 (34): 31479–31482. doi:10.1074/jbc.c100278200. PMID 11423531. Retrieved 29 March 2015.