Grady v. Corbin

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Grady v. Corbin
Seal of the United States Supreme Court
Argued March 21, 1990
Decided May 29, 1990
Full case nameWilliam V. Grady, District Attorney of Dutchess County v. Thomas J. Corbin
Citations495 U.S. 508 (more)
110 S. Ct. 2084; 109 L. Ed. 2d 548; 1990 U.S. LEXIS 2698
Case history
PriorCertiorari to the Court of Appeals of New York
Holding
The Double Jeopardy Clause bars a subsequent prosecution if, to establish an essential element of an offense charged in that prosecution, the government will prove conduct that constitutes an offense for which the defendant has already been prosecuted.
Court membership
Chief Justice
William Rehnquist
Associate Justices
William J. Brennan Jr. · Byron White
Thurgood Marshall · Harry Blackmun
John P. Stevens · Sandra Day O'Connor
Antonin Scalia · Anthony Kennedy
Case opinions
MajorityBrennan, joined by White, Marshall, Blackmun, Stevens
DissentO'Connor
DissentScalia, joined by Rehnquist, Kennedy
Laws applied
U.S. Const. amend. V
Overruled by
United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993).

Grady v. Corbin, 495 U.S. 508 (1990), was a United States Supreme Court decision holding that: "the Double Jeopardy Clause bars a subsequent prosecution if, to establish an essential element of an offense charged in that prosecution, the government will prove conduct that constitutes an offense for which the defendant has already been prosecuted."[1]

Background[edit]

In the fall of 1987, Thomas Corbin was driving under the influence as he drove his automobile across the center line of a New York highway and collided with two oncoming vehicles. Brenda Dirago, the driver of the second vehicle, died in this accident while her husband was seriously injured. Later that same day, Corbin was charged with DUI and pleaded guilty.

Opinion of the Court[edit]

In an opinion by Justice Brennan, the Supreme Court ruled that to subsequently try him for homicide would constitute double jeopardy.[2]

Aftermath[edit]

Grady was only valid law for three years. It was overturned by United States v. Dixon,[3] which rejected the same conduct test in favor of the longstanding same element test. The same element test had been the law since Blockburger v. United States.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grady v. Corbin, 495 U.S. 508 (1990).
  2. ^ Foderaro, Lisa W. (1990-06-02). "Double-Jeopardy Ruling Compounds Grief". New York Times.
  3. ^ United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993).
  4. ^ Blockburger v. United States, 284 U.S. 299 (1932).

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]