Grand Army Plaza (IRT Eastern Parkway Line)

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 Grand Army Plaza
 "2" train​​"3" train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Grand Army Plaza art vc.jpg
Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel artwork on the mezzanine level of the station
Station statistics
AddressPlaza Street West, St. Johns Place, & Flatbush Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11238
BoroughBrooklyn
LocalePark Slope
Coordinates40°40′29″N 73°58′14″W / 40.674584°N 73.970518°W / 40.674584; -73.970518Coordinates: 40°40′29″N 73°58′14″W / 40.674584°N 73.970518°W / 40.674584; -73.970518
DivisionA (IRT)
LineIRT Eastern Parkway Line
Services      2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      4 late nights (late nights)
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B41, B69
StructureUnderground
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Other information
OpenedOctober 10, 1920; 98 years ago (1920-10-10)
Station code340[1]
Wireless serviceWi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[2]
Former/other namesGrand Army Plaza – Prospect Park
Traffic
Passengers (2017)2,265,097[3]Decrease 6.6%
Rank218 out of 425
Station succession
Next northBergen Street: 2 all times3 all except late nights4 late nights
Next southEastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum: 2 all times3 all except late nights4 late nights

Grand Army Plaza is a local station on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line of the New York City Subway. It is located in Park Slope, Brooklyn, underneath Flatbush Avenue at its intersection with Plaza Street West and St. Johns Place, on the northwest side of Grand Army Plaza. It is served by the 2 at all times, the 3 at all times except late nights, and the 4 train during late nights.

History[edit]

Track layout

The Bergen Street, Grand Army Plaza, and Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum stations opened on October 9, 1920.[4] Service on the IRT Eastern Parkway Line had been extended from Atlantic Avenue to Utica Avenue in August 1920,[5] but the three stations were not ready to open with the rest of the line.[4] This extension was part of an expansion of the subway system known as the Dual Contracts which built not only IRT lines in Brooklyn but also those for the BMT. The BMT Brighton Line was already in use at the time but used trackage that is now part of the Franklin Avenue Shuttle; the opening of the subway line beneath Flatbush Avenue provided a more direct route to Downtown Brooklyn and, eventually, Manhattan.[4][6]

The construction of the station and tunnels resulted in the removal of Frederic W. Darlington's 1897 Electric Fountain[7] from the center of Grand Army Plaza, which was dug up for the cut-and-cover construction and replaced with a grass oval. Construction began on a new fountain, known as the Bailey Fountain, in 1928, and it was completed in 1932.[8]

During the 1964–1965 fiscal year, the platforms at Grand Army Plaza, along with those at four other stations on the Eastern Parkway Line, were lengthened to 525 feet to accommodate a ten-car train of 51-foot IRT cars.[9]

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
B2 Northbound local "2" train toward Wakefield–241st Street (Bergen Street)
"3" train toward Harlem–148th Street ("4" train toward Woodlawn late nights) (Bergen Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound local "2" train toward Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College (Eastern Parkway–Brooklyn Museum)
"3" train ("4" train late nights) toward New Lots Avenue (Eastern Parkway – Brooklyn Museum)
B3 Northbound express "4" train "5" train do not stop here
Northbound Brighton Line "B" train "Q" train do not stop here (Seventh Avenue)
Southbound Brighton Line "B" train "Q" train do not stop here (Prospect Park)
Southbound express "4" train "5" train do not stop here →
Inside the station

At platform level, Grand Army Plaza has a simple island platform layout with two tracks.[10] Southbound (eastern Brooklyn-bound) trains use track E1 while northbound (Manhattan-bound) trains use track E4. Underneath the platform are four tracks, the center two, A4 (north) and A3 (south) carrying the BMT Brighton Line with tracks E2 and E3 carrying southbound and northbound express IRT Eastern Parkway Line trains on either side of the Brighton Line tracks, respectively.[11][12] These track designations are only displayed on small emergency placards on either end of the platform for use by train and emergency personnel; they are not used in everyday conversation.

The only mosaic in the Grand Army Plaza station is a small "P".[10] A permanent art installation in the station's entrances and mezzanine entitled Wings for the IRT: The Irresistible Romance of Travel was created in 1995 by Jane Greengold, who used the station regularly when she lived in Park Slope. The bronze and terra cotta pieces of art are modeled on the original Interborough Rapid Transit Company logo, and references the Soldiers' and Sailors' Arch in the plaza above with its Winged Victories. The MTA's Arts for Transit program held an opening ceremony for the artwork on June 19, 1997.[13][14]

Exits[edit]

The station has four entrances and exits, all of which are staircases:[15]

  • 2 on the northeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street East
  • 1 on the southwest corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West
  • 1 on the southeast corner of Flatbush Avenue and Plaza Street West

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2012–2017". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Subway Stations Opened: Last Three in Eastern Parkway Branch of I.R.T. Put Into Service" (PDF). New York Times. October 11, 1920. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
  5. ^ "More Interborough Service for Brooklyn 2 New Lines". pudl.princeton.edu. Interborough Rapid Transit Company. August 23, 1920. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  6. ^ "IRT Brooklyn Line Opened 90 Years Ago". New York Division Bulletin. New York Division, Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (9). September 2010. Retrieved August 31, 2016 – via Issuu.
  7. ^ "Our Newest Electric Toy". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. August 8, 1897. p. 13.
  8. ^ New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
  9. ^ Annual Report 1964–1965. New York City Transit Authority. 1965.
  10. ^ a b Grand Army Plaza (Brooklyn IRT) NYCSubway Retrieved July 5, 2009
  11. ^ Brooklyn IRT: Grand Army Plaza
  12. ^ Brooklyn IRT: Map 2, Brooklyn IRT Dual Contracts
  13. ^ MTA – Arts for Transit: Grand Army Plaza, accessed April 20, 2007
  14. ^ MTA Headquarters Press Release, MTA Installs Art In Grand Army Plaza Station, June 19, 1997, accessed April 20, 2007
  15. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Park Slope/Prospect Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.

External links[edit]