Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge

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Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge.jpg
Map showing the location of Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge
LocationGrays Harbor County, Washington, United States
Nearest cityHoquiam, Washington
Coordinates46°58′26″N 123°55′50″W / 46.97389°N 123.93056°W / 46.97389; -123.93056Coordinates: 46°58′26″N 123°55′50″W / 46.97389°N 123.93056°W / 46.97389; -123.93056
Area1,471.38 acres (595.45 ha)[1]
Established1990 (1990)[2]
Governing bodyU.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
WebsiteGrays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge

Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge is located within Grays Harbor, at the mouth of the Chehalis River, which makes up the second largest watershed in Washington. It is one of four major staging areas for migrating shorebirds in the Pacific Flyway. Up to one million shorebirds gather here in spring and fall to feed and rest.[3]

Grays Harbor is designated as a Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network Site, recognizing this internationally significant shorebird habitat. Although the refuge occupies only two percent of the intertidal habitat of Grays Harbor, it hosts up to 50 percent of the shorebirds that stage in the estuary. As many as 24 species of shorebirds use Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge, with the most abundant species being western sandpiper and dunlin. Semipalmated plover, least sandpiper, red knot, and black-bellied plover are also common during migration. The refuge is also used by peregrine falcon, bald eagle, northern harrier, Caspian tern, great blue heron, songbirds, and a variety of waterfowl.[3]

The accessible boardwalk offers a means to develop and implement interpretation and education programs for the more than one million travelers that pass by each year on their way through the gateway to the Olympic Peninsula.[3]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

  1. ^ "Annual Report of Lands as of September 30, 2013" (PDF). United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
  2. ^ "About the Refuge". Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  3. ^ a b c "Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Profile". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

External links[edit]