Greater Rio de Janeiro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Satellite image of the metropolitan area, with the capital from the center below, Baixada Fluminense on the north-west and Niterói and São Gonçalo east of the Guanabara Bay
Cities of the Greater Rio de Janeiro in Red, in the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Greater Rio de Janeiro, officially the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Region (Grande Rio, officially Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro, in Portuguese) is a large metropolitan area located in Rio de Janeiro state in Brazil, the second largest in Brazil and third largest in South America. It consists of 22 municipalities, including the state capital, Rio de Janeiro.

The metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro is known as a historical, cultural and economic centre of Brazil, with a total population of 13 million inhabitants. The region was first officially defined on July 1, 1974, less than 1 year before the fusion of Guanabara into Rio de Janeiro. Several municipalities show a high level of conurbation, with Rio de JaneiroBaixada Fluminense and NiteróiSão Gonçalo being the most clear examples. It was changed several times to include or remove different cities in different moments of the history, in the years 1993, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2013 and 2018.

The water supply plans of the region are coordinated, and transportation in the area is heavily interconnected with urban intermunicipal buses to all municipalities in the area, trains over the capital to some Baixada Fluminense municipalities, ferry boats to some of the Guanabara Bay municipalities and major inter-city freeways such as the Rio–Niterói Bridge, Red Line, President Dutra freeway and Niterói-Manilha freeway. Most transportation methods are integrated with the capital inner-transportation system of buses, trains, metro, freeways and expressways.

Cities by Population (2018)[edit]

+ 1,000,000

400,000 – 999,999

100,000 – 399,999

-100,000

Statistics[edit]

  • Population: 13,005,430 (2018 est.)[1][2]
  • Nominal GDP: R$413.93 Billion[3]
    • Largest GDP City: Rio de Janeiro City: R$282.5 billion (2013 est.)
  • Nominal GDP per capita: R$33,856.54 (2013 est.)
  • HDI: 0,771 (2010 est.)
    • Highest HDI City: Niterói: 0,837 (2010 est.)

Municipalities[edit]

The 22 municipalities of the area are:[4]

Municipality Area (km²) Population (2000 Census) Population (2010 Census)[5] Population (2018 est.) Population density 2018 (/km²)
Belford Roxo 77.815 434,474 469,261 508,614 6,536.19
Cachoeiras de Macacu 953.801 48,543 54,273 58,560 61.40
Duque de Caxias 467.620 775,456 855,046 914,383 1,955.40
Guapimirim 360.766 37,952 51,487 59,613 165.24
Itaboraí 430.374 187,479 218,090 238,695 554.62
Itaguaí 274.433 82,003 109,091 125,913 458.81
Japeri 81.869 83,278 95,391 103,960 1,269.83
Magé 388.496 205,830 228,150 243,657 627.18
Maricá 362.571 76,737 12,761 157,789 435.19
Mesquita 41.477 no data 168,403 175,620 4,234.15
Nilópolis 19.393 153,712 157,483 162,269 8,367.40
Niterói 133.916 459,451 487,327 511,786 3,821.69
Nova Iguaçu 519.159 920,599 797,212 818,875 1,577.31
Paracambi 179.772 40,475 47,124 51,815 288.23
Petrópolis 791.144 286,537 295,917 305,687 386.39
Queimados 75.695 121,993 137,938 149,265 1,971.93
Rio Bonito 465.455 49,691 55,551 59,814 128.51
Rio de Janeiro 1,199.828 5,857,904 6,323,037 6,688,927 5,574.90
São Gonçalo 247.709 891,119 1,013,901 1,077,687 4,350.62
São João de Meriti 35.216 449,476 459,356 471,888 13,399.82
Seropédica 283.766 65,260 78,183 86,743 305.68
Tanguá 145.503 26,057 30,731 33,870 232.78
Metropolitan Rio Janeiro 6,744.634 10,670,040 12,603,936 13,005,430 1,725.82

Notes and references[edit]

Coordinates: 22°54′10″S 43°12′28″W / 22.9028°S 43.2078°W / -22.9028; -43.2078