Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company

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The Guangzhou Peugeot Automobile Company (GPAC) is a former automobile manufacturer located in Guangzhou, China. It was a joint venture between the Guangzhou municipal government and the Peugeot brand of the French automobile manufacturer PSA Peugeot Citroën.[1]

The company was founded on 26 September 1985 and was defunct by March 1997 when Peugeot sold their stake in the joint venture.[2]

Citroën, a sister brand in PSA Peugeot Citroën, already had a successful joint venture which began production in 1992, (Dongfeng-Citroën). In 2002, the Peugeot brand was reintroduced to China through Dongfeng.[3]

After the company had gone defunct, Honda joined with the Guangzhou government to establish its own joint venture company, Guangqi Honda Automobile.


A locally developed crew cab version of the Peugeot 504 pickup

One of the first foreign-Chinese joint auto-making ventures,[4] over its eleven-year lifespan the company only recorded production of about 100,000 cars.[5]

Manufacturing two models originally sold via fleet sales, its products were mostly used as taxis or by government employees.[6] Fleet sales commenced in 1989, with a model line comprising the Peugeot 505 (1980 design) and 504 (1968 design).[6]


Component localization targets, set to encourage creation of a local supply chain, exacerbated tensions. They were met late if at all, and while the French initially profited from parts sales, Chinese consumers saw increased component localization from inexperienced suppliers lead to inferior products.[7] In spite of Chinese resistance, Peugeot repatriated profits,[8] and cultural conflicts continued throughout.[9] By 1993, a soured Peugeot saw its now-inferior models out-completed by better offerings[9] with sales dropping to 2,544 while competing Shanghai VW built no less than 146,000 cars—fifty percent of the overall market.[5] By 1996, the Guangzhou government decided it no longer wanted a French foreign partner.[4] Peugeot removed itself in 1997,[10] and Guangzhou Automotive chose to begin a new joint venture with Honda.[11]


PSA Peugeot Citroën held 22% ownership, with a total foreign ownership of 26% to 30%.[1][10]

Model gallery[edit]


  1. ^ a b Fernandez, Juan Antonio; Liu, Shengjun (2007), China CEO: a case guide for business leaders in China, Singapore: John Wiley and Sons, p. 78, ISBN 978-0-470-82224-1
  2. ^ PSA Peugeot Citroën in China (Press Kit) (PDF), PSA Peugeot Citroën, June 2004, p. 4
  3. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007, p. 230
  4. ^ a b Fernandez and Liu, p. 91
  5. ^ a b Fernandez and Liu, p. 86
  6. ^ a b Fernandez and Liu, p. 79
  7. ^ Fernandez and Liu, p. 83
  8. ^ Fernandez and Liu, p. 81
  9. ^ a b Fernandez and Liu, p. 85
  10. ^ a b Thun, Eric (March 2008), Changing lanes in China: foreign direct investment, local government, and auto sector development, Cambridge University Press, p. 137, ISBN 9780521724098
  11. ^ World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. 2006. p. 234.