|Guizhou FTC-2000 at Zhuhai airshow 2016|
|Role||Supersonic advanced Trainer/attack|
|Manufacturer||Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC)|
|Designer||Aero Engine Research Institute of Guizhou Aviation Industry Corporation|
|First flight||13 December 2003|
|Primary user||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
|Developed from||Chengdu JJ-7|
The Guizhou JL-9, also known as the FTC-2000 Mountain Eagle (Shanying), is a two-seat supersonic fighter-trainer developed by the Guizhou Aviation Industry Import/Export Company (GAIEC) for the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) and the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF).
The FTC-2000 started as a GAIEC private venture to develop an inexpensive trainer for fourth generation aircraft. The trainer was revealed at the 2001 China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition. The aircraft are reported to be produced at a GAIC assembly line in Anshun, Guizhou.
The FTC-2000, as the JL-9, competed with the Hongdu JL-10 to meet the advanced trainer requirements of the PLAAF and PLANAF. The JL-10 is more technologically advanced, but also more expensive, than the JL-9. In 2013, both had entered production.
A carrier-landing trainer variant was revealed by Chinese state media in 2011. Designated the JL-9G, it has strengthened undercarriage, enlarged wing and diverterless supersonic inlets, but has proved to be unsuitable for arrested landings and is limited to land-based operations.
On 5 September 2018, Chinese state-run Xinhua News Agency reported that GAIC had begun mass production of the FTC-2000G variant., on 28 September it was reported that the first mass-produced FTC-2000G performed its maiden flight.
The FTC-2000G is a multi-role combat fighter aircraft and one of the cheapest multirole fighters on the market with the aim to replace old legacy fighters like the J-7/F-7. It has 7 hardpoints. It also features a diverterless supersonic inlet. It made its first flight in September 2018. Compared to the FTC-2000 trainer variant, the FTC-2000G is heavier, slower due to new wing design, and has less endurance than the FTC-2000.
The PLANAF had a regiment of JL-9s in 2014.
The PLAAF began using the JL-9 for training on 18 October 2015.
- FTC-2000: Original model and export designation.
- FTC-2000G: Variant with improved multi-role capabilities.
- JL-9: Initial PLA variant.
- JL-9G: PLANAF carrier-trainer variant.
- People's Republic of China
- Crew: 2
- Length: 47.9 feet (14.5 meters)
- Wingspan: 27.4 feet (8.3 meters)
- Height: ()
- Powerplant: × Guizhou Liyang WP-13 afterburning turbojet
- Maximum speed:
- Cruise speed: 870 kilometres per hour (540 mph)
- Stall speed: 125 kilometres per hour (78 mph) ()
- Range: 2600km (hi-hi-hi) (1970km (hi-lo-hi))
- Combat radius: 850km (hi-hi-hi) (550km (hi-lo-hi))
- Ferry range: 3200km ()
- Endurance: 3 hours
- Guns: 1 x 23 mm cannon
- Hardpoints: 5 with a capacity of FTC-2000 (5 hard points) FTC-2000G (7 hard points) and provisions to carry combinations of:
- Other: up to 3 x fuel tanks
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Hongdu L-15
- BAE Systems Hawk
- Alenia Aermacchi M-346 Master
- Aero L-159 Alca
- KAI T-50 Golden Eagle
- Yakovlev Yak-130
- HAL HJT-36 Sitara
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guizhou JL-9.|
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Commenting on the development, the State Administration of Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (SASTIND) – the agency responsible for Chinese defence industrial development – said the aircraft represented the first export aircraft produced at GAIC’s assembly line in city of Anshun in Guizhou province.
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