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AliasesHOXD10, HOX4, HOX4D, HOX4E, Hox-4.4, homeobox D10
External IDsOMIM: 142984 MGI: 96202 HomoloGene: 1619 GeneCards: HOXD10
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 2 (human)
Chr.Chromosome 2 (human)[1]
Chromosome 2 (human)
Genomic location for HOXD10
Genomic location for HOXD10
Band2q31.1Start176,108,790 bp[1]
End176,119,942 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HOXD10 207373 at fs.png
More reference expression data
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)



Location (UCSC)Chr 2: 176.11 – 176.12 MbChr 2: 74.69 – 74.7 Mb
PubMed search[3][4]
View/Edit HumanView/Edit Mouse

Homeobox D10, also known as HOXD10, is a protein which in humans is encoded by the HOXD10 gene.[5]


This gene is a member of the Abd-B homeobox family and encodes a protein with a homeobox DNA-binding domain. It is included in a cluster of homeobox D genes located on chromosome 2. The encoded nuclear protein functions as a sequence-specific transcription factor that is expressed in the developing limb buds and is involved in differentiation and limb development.

Clinical significance[edit]

Mutations in this gene have been associated with Wilms' tumor and congenital vertical talus (also known as "rocker-bottom foot" deformity or congenital convex pes valgus) and/or a foot deformity resembling that seen in Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.[5][citation needed]


The HOXD10 gene is repressed by the microRNAs miR-10a and miR-10b.[6][7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000128710 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000050368 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  5. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: HOXD10 homeobox D10".
  6. ^ Lund AH (Feb 2010). "miR-10 in development and cancer". Cell Death and Differentiation. 17 (2): 209–14. doi:10.1038/cdd.2009.58. PMID 19461655.
  7. ^ Ma L, Teruya-Feldstein J, Weinberg RA (Oct 2007). "Tumour invasion and metastasis initiated by microRNA-10b in breast cancer". Nature. 449 (7163): 682–8. doi:10.1038/nature06174. PMID 17898713.
  8. ^ Han L, Witmer PD, Casey E, Valle D, Sukumar S (Aug 2007). "DNA methylation regulates MicroRNA expression". Cancer Biology & Therapy. 6 (8): 1284–8. doi:10.4161/cbt.6.8.4486. PMID 17660710.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.