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Location of Hakkâri Province in Turkey
|Region||Central East Anatolia|
|• Electoral district||Hakkâri|
|• Total||7,121 km2 (2,749 sq mi)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
Hakkâri Province (Turkish: Hakkâri ili, Arabic: هكاري), is a province in the south east corner of Turkey. The administrative centre is located in the city of Hakkâri (Kurdish: Colemêrg). The province covers an area of 7,121 km² and has a population of 251,302 (2010 est). The province had a population of 236,581 in 2000. The province was created in 1936 out of part of Van Province. Its adjacent provinces are Şırnak to the west and Van to the north. The majority of the province's population is Kurdish.
Hakkâri province is divided into 4 districts (capital district in bold):
The area has been ruled by Gutians, Hurrians, Akkadians, Hittites, Assyrians, Babylon, Macedonians, Persians, Greeks, Armenians, Parthians, Rome, Byzantium, the Sassanids, Arabs, Seljuks, Mongols, and Ottomans in its long history. Despite widespread massacres of Hakkari Assyrians by Kurds in the 19th century, the region retained a mixed population of Assyrians and Kurds until the Assyrian genocide. The following list concerns the Assyrian tribes that inhabited Hakkari (note: this list is incomplete):
- Jilu Tribe
- Dez Tribe
- Baz Tribe
- Tkhuma Tribe
- Tyari Tribe (Lower)
- Tyari Tribe (Upper)
- "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
- Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). University of Washington Press. ISBN 9780295990507.
- Becker, Adam H. (2015). Revival and Awakening: American Evangelical Missionaries in Iran and the Origins of Assyrian Nationalism. University of Chicago Press. p. 47. ISBN 9780226145457.
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