Hammad ibn Salamah

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Hammad ibn Salamah
TitleMufti al-Basra
Died167 AH/783 CE
Main interest(s)Hadith, Arabic language
Muslim leader

Abu Salma Hammad ibn Salamah ibn Dinar al-Basri (Arabic: حماد بن سلمة بن دينار البصري‎; died 167 AH/783 CE[1]), the son of Salamah ibn Dinar, was Basra's mufti, a prominent narrator of hadith and one of the earliest grammarians of the Arabic language, who had a great influence on his student, Sibawayh.[1]

He was a client (mawla) of either Banu Tamim or Quraysh.[1] He was from the generation of the Tabi‘ al-Tabi‘in, one of the early generations of Islam.[2]


Ibn Salamah was born roughly in AH 82 (701/702) and died of natural causes in AH 167 (783/784). In hadith, or recorded statements and actions of the Muslim prophet Muhammad, he was a narrator for later scholars Ibn Jurayj, Sufyan al-Thawri and Abdullah ibn Mubarak.[2] His status was considered by many Muslim scholars to be of the highest rank in regard to biographical evaluation,[3] and he is quoted in both Sahih Muslim and Sahih al-Bukhari, the two most significant collections for Sunni Muslims.[2] He is also considered to have been a teacher of both Abu Dawud at-Tayalisi and Yunus ibn Habib.[4]

Ibn Salamah held a noticeably negative opinion of Muslim jurist Abū Ḥanīfa.[5] He was also critical of Sufism, in its early stages during Ibn Salamah's life.[6]


  1. ^ a b c Sībawayh, ʻAmr ibn ʻUthmān (1988), Hārūn, ʻAbd al-Salām Muḥammad (ed.), Al-Kitāb Kitāb Sībawayh Abī Bishr ʻAmr ibn ʻUthmān ibn Qanbar, Introduction (3rd ed.), Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī, pp. 8–9
  2. ^ a b c 20021 – Hammad bin Salama (Abu Salma, Abu Sakhar) at Muslim Scholars Database. Copyright (c) 2011 & beyond, Arees Institute.
  3. ^ Israr Ahmed, Authentication of Hadith: Redefining the Criteria, pg. 24. Herndon: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2010. ISBN 9781565644489
  4. ^ Ibn Khallikan, Deaths of Eminent Men and History of the Sons of the Epoch, vol. 4, pg. 586. Trns. William McGuckin de Slane. London: Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland, 1871.
  5. ^ Ignác Goldziher, The Zahiris, pg. 15. Volume 3 of Brill Classics in Islam. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2008. ISBN 9789004162419
  6. ^ Rashid Ahmad Jullundhry, Qur'anic Exegesis in Classical Literature, pg. 56. New Westminster: The Other Press, 2010. ISBN 9789675062551