Hawkesbury, Ontario

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Town of Hawkesbury
Ville de Hawkesbury (French)
Skyline of Hawkesbury as seen from the Long-Sault Bridge.
Skyline of Hawkesbury as seen from the Long-Sault Bridge.
Coat of arms of Hawkesbury
Coat of arms
"Vaillant et Veillant" (French)
"Valiant and Vigilant"
Hawkesbury is located in Southern Ontario
Coordinates: 45°36′N 74°36′W / 45.600°N 74.600°W / 45.600; -74.600Coordinates: 45°36′N 74°36′W / 45.600°N 74.600°W / 45.600; -74.600
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyPrescott and Russell
 • TypeTown
 • MayorPaula Assaly
 • Governing BodyHawkesbury Town Council
 • MPFrancis Drouin (LP)
 • MPPAmanda Simard (Ind.)
 • Total9.62 km2 (3.71 sq mi)
33 m (108 ft)
 • Total10,263
 • Density1,067.3/km2 (2,764/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code
Area code(s)613

Hawkesbury is a town in Eastern Ontario, Canada, on the Ottawa River, near the Quebec-Ontario border.

It lies on the south shore of the Ottawa River about halfway between Downtown Ottawa and Downtown Montreal in United Counties of Prescott and Russell. The Long-Sault Bridge (replacing the Perley Bridge) links it to Grenville, Quebec, to the north. It is located 25 km west of Lachute, Quebec.

Hawkesbury is touted as the third most bilingual town in Ontario, with about 70% of its inhabitants being fluent in English and French, the two official languages of Canada. (Sturgeon Falls is first with 73.4% followed by Hearst at 71%.) 89% of the population is made up of French speaking Franco-Ontarians.


Founded in 1798, Hawkesbury was named after Charles Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury.[2]

Thomas Mears and David Pattee, two Americans, entered into a partnership in 1805 to harness the power of the lower Ottawa River and built the first sawmill on the Upper Canada side of the river. The town of Hawkesbury developed around this mill.[3] Mears also built the Union, the Ottawa River's first steamer. Demand for timber during the Napoleonic Wars created a boom. The mill complex continued to grow for at least the next half century, and by 1870 it included 145 different saws and created over 35 million board feet of lumber per year.[4]

Timber and pulp-and-paper industries have been supplanted by textiles, synthetic fibres, metal extrusions, steel, glass and plastics. Hawkesbury has also become the business and service centre of the county of Prescott-Russell, although recently Rockland has become the largest community.[5] The Grenville Canal on the Quebec side of the Ottawa River opposite Hawkesbury is an important link in the river's transportation system. The only interprovincial bridge between Ontario and Quebec east of Ottawa is located here. Part of Hawkesbury was submerged by a Hydro-Québec dam built between 1950 and 1962. New developments today are happening due to baby boomers from Ottawa, Montreal and area purchasing some of the many new condos in town.


Hawkesbury and area are served primarily by local media, media from Montreal and by media from Ottawa. The town does, however, have two radio stations which broadcast at least partially from local studios in Hawkesbury.


Le Carillon is a French-language newspaper that covers Hawkesbury and the Prescott-Russell region and is published by the Edition André Paquette Group.

La/The Tribune Express is a bilingual French/English language newspaper that covers Hawkesbury and the Prescott-Russell region and is published by the Edition André Paquette Group.

The Review is an English-language weekly newspaper that covers the Glengarry-Prescott-Russell area, which includes Hawkesbury.





Hawkesbury is located along Prescott and Russell County Road 17, a former routing of Highway 17 and the Trans-Canada Highway with connects with Highway 417 eastwards to Montreal. Hawkesbury also connects to Highway 417 westward to Ottawa through a 17-kilometer spur of Highway 34.

The Long Sault Interprovincial Bridge between Hawkesbury, Ontario and Grenville, Quebec means that Hawkesbury is within minutes of Highway 50 and Route 148.

The town is served by two small airports:


Census Population
1841 250
1871 1,671
1881 1,920
1891 2,042
1901 4,150
1911 4,400
1921 5,544
1931 5,177
1941 6,249
1951 7,194
1961 8,661
1971 9,276
1981 9,877
1991 9,706
2001 10,314
2006 10,869
2011 10,551
Canada census – Hawkesbury, Ontario community profile
2011 2006
Population: 10,551 (-2.9% from 2006) 10,869 (5.3% from 2001)
Land area: 9.46 km2 (3.65 sq mi) 9.46 km2 (3.65 sq mi)
Population density: 1,115.6/km2 (2,889/sq mi) 1,149.3/km2 (2,977/sq mi)
Median age: 49.2 (M: 47.6, F: 50.9) 46.2 (M: 44.3, F: 48.1)
Total private dwellings: 5256 4974
Median household income: $39,981 $34,893
References: 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]


The 2006 census found that French was the mother tongue of 77% of the population, while English was the mother tongue of 16%. A very high percentage (2.7%) claim both French and English as their mother tongues. In 2006, this was the highest proportion in Canada.[9][10]

According to the 2011 census, the percentage of the population declaring solely French as a mother tongue grew to 78.6% while the proportion of the population declaring solely English as a mother tongue declined to 15.3%. The percentage claiming both French and English as their mother tongues declined below 2.00% by 2011 [11]

First official language spoken Population Percentage
French 8,280 78.6%
English 1,915 15.3%
Non-official languages 380 4%

Ethnocultural ancestries[edit]

In parallel to the responses to the census question about ethnocultural ancestries, which are shown below, 1.0% of the population also reported having an Aboriginal identity, while 3.1% reported having a visible minority status (including 2.0% who identified as South Asian).[12]

Single responses: 42.4% of respondents gave a single response of 'Canadian', while a further 25.3% identified with both 'Canadian', and one or more other ancestries. 13.4% of respondents gave a single response of French, 1.9% gave a single response of Irish, 1.9% gave a single response of English and 1.1% gave a single response of North American Indian.

Multiple responses: Counting both single and multiple responses, the most commonly identified ethnocultural ancestries were:

Canadian 67.8%
French 38.7%
English 7.9%
Irish 6.7%
Scottish 4.8%
North American Indian 3.3%
German 1.7%
Italian 1.3%
Greek 1.0%

Percentages are calculated as a proportion of the total number of respondents and may total more than 100% due to dual responses.
All ethnocultural ancestries of more than 1% are listed in the table above according to the exact terminology used by Statistics Canada.[13]


Hawkesbury hosts many establishments in the field of education, from elementary schools to colleges and an adult campus.

Elementary Schools:
Paul VI
Nouvel Horizon

Secondary Schools:
ESCRH Le Sommet

Post-secondary Establishments:
La Cité collégiale

And other educational-based establishments:
Adult Campus of Hawkesbury

Notable people from Hawkesbury[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Hawkesbury census profile". 2011 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  2. ^ "Hawkesbury". thecanadianencyclopedia.com. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  3. ^ David Pattee, Dictionary of Canadian Biography online
  4. ^ Roger, Charles (1871). Ottawa Past & Present. Ottawa: Times Printing & Publishing. p. 119.
  5. ^ According to "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-11. Retrieved 2006-12-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Rockland has a population of 12,637, while according to [1], Hawkesbury has a population of 10,314
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-27.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  9. ^ "Hawkesbury, T (Ont)". Population by mother tongue and age groups, percentage distribution (2006), for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities) with 5,000-plus population. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  10. ^ "Hawkesbury, T". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  11. ^ Census Profile Hawkesbury Population in 2011
  12. ^ "Hawkesbury, Ontario (Town)". 2006 Community Profiles. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-08-08.
  13. ^ "Hawkesbury, T". Ethnic Origin (247), Generation Status (4), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population 15 Years and Over of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. Retrieved 2008-08-08.

External links[edit]