Health in Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka scores higher than the regional average in healthcare having a high Life expectancy and a lower maternal and infant death rate than its neighbors.[1][2] In 2018 life expectancy was 72.1 for men and 78.5 for women ranking the country 70th in the world.[3]


Sri Lankans eat a variety of foods that can form a wholesome and healthy diet. The long history of vegetarianism on the island has led to a variety of vegetable dishes, while a long-standing commitment to using natural sweeteners such as kithul (treacle) means Sri Lanka has avoided the issues related to the overuse of sugar in diets. A substantial use of fish, instead of other meats, has also increased the healthiness of the Sri Lankan diet.[citation needed]

While Sri Lankans tend to eat food that should achieve a healthy diet, the manner in which they casually choose how much food to eat often results in diet-related health problems.

The diet can often contain too much carbohydrates, due to a cultural preference for finding rice and other staples appetizing, increasing the chance of diabetes, while disproportionately leaving out vegetable-based side dishes, and often completely leaving out dairy-based dishes. An overuse of oil and coconut oil has also been identified as a cause of diet-related problems.[4]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Sri Lanka tops in healthcare deliver in South Asia-UNFPA".
  3. ^ "SRI LANKA : LIFE EXPECTANCY". World Life Expectancy. 2018. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Diet of Sri Lanka".