Heathen Front

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Flag of the All-Germanic Heathens Front with Algiz rune

The Allgermanische Heidnische Front (AHF) was an international neo-Nazi organisation, active during the late 1990s and early 2000s, that espoused a form of neo-völkisch Germanic Neopaganism.

It was associated with musician Varg Vikernes.

History[edit]

Norsk Hedensk Front (Norwegian Heathen Front) was founded in 1993 based on Vargsmål, a racist and anti-Semitic book by Norwegian black metal musician and convicted arsonist and murderer Varg Vikernes. According to the 2003 book Lords of Chaos, the organization officially denied that Vikernes was in charge, although this may have been to protect him, as Norwegian prisoners were prohibited from leading political groups. The organization's listed address was the same PO box Vikerness used in prison.[1]

The Swedish Heathen Front (Svensk Hednisk Front) was a small group formed around 1996.[2]

Flag of the Russian Heathen Front with Algiz rune

The German chapter, Deutsche Heidnische Front, was founded in 1998 by Hendrik Möbus.[citation needed] In 2001, the AHF claimed chapters in Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, the United States, Canada, Russia[3] and Flanders.[4]

There was also a short-lived English Heathen Front closely associated during its inception with the British Movement but later linked by Searchlight, the anti-fascist monthly, to Tom Gowers, an officer of the British National Party based in the East Midlands, and to the militant odinist group Woden's Folk.[5]

By 1999, Heathen Front's website was selling Vargsmål.[6]

In a 2009 interview with Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet, Vikernes states: "I have never formed or been a member of such organisations".[7]

The organisation with time became a forum for neo-Nazis and heathen nationalists. In 2005 the Allgermanische Heidnische Front was closed down. Its members spread to other organisations.[2]

Ideology[edit]

The group's ideology was part of the loosely defined Neo-völkisch movement sometimes known as Odinism. The organization described its specific ideas as "Odalism", derived from the Germanic rune Odal (ᛟ). This movement rejects conventional academic research on history and archaeology, instead interpreting Germanic mythology as esoterically transmitted via ancestry.[8]

The Heathen Front espoused neo-Nazism, white supremacism and anti-semitism.[9][10][11] A 2001 report by the Stephen Roth Institute for the Study of Contemporary Antisemitism and Racism describes the Svensk Hednisk Front (Swedish Heathen Front – SHF) as "an emerging Nazi organization" with an ideology blending "Odinism, anti-Christianity and antisemitism."[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Moynihan, Michael J.; Søderlind, Didrik (2003). Lords of chaos : the bloody rise of the satanic metal underground (New ed.). Feral House. p. 177. ISBN 9781932595529. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b Western Esotericism in Scandinavia, 2016, p.384, p.621
  3. ^ Website about the Russian Heathen Front in Russian language. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  4. ^ Gardell, p. 307, referring to the now defunct homepage: http://www.heathenfront.org/chap.htm
  5. ^ The English Heathen Front, Searchlight "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-04. Retrieved 2012-02-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Ward, Eric K.; Lunsford, John; Massa, Justin (Fall 1999). "Black Metal Spreads Neo-Nazi Hate Message". Intelligence Report. Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  7. ^ Midtskogen, Rune (4 July 2009). ""Greven" angrer ingenting" ["The Count" regrets nothing] (in Norwegian). Retrieved 25 August 2009.
  8. ^ Gregorius, Frederik (2006). "The "Allgermanische Heidnische Front" and Old Norse Religion". In Andrén, Anders (ed.). Old Norse religion in long-term perspectives : origins, changes, and interactions : an international conference in Lund, Sweden, June 3-7, 2004. Nordic Academic Press. pp. 389–392. ISBN 9789189116818. Retrieved 25 March 2019.
  9. ^ Searchlight Magazine: Nazi black metal leader arrested in the US
  10. ^ Turn It Down Archived 2007-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-18. Retrieved 2006-07-10.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ Antisemitism Worldwide 2000/1 - Sweden Archived 2011-11-05 at the Wayback Machine