Heavyweight

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Heavyweight is a weight class in combat sports.

Boxing[edit]

Boxers who weigh over 200 pounds (14 st 4 lb, 90 kg) are considered heavyweights by the major professional boxing organizations: the International Boxing Federation,[1] the World Boxing Association,[2] the World Boxing Council,[3] and the World Boxing Organization.[4] The maximum weight for a cruiserweight is 200 pounds.

Joe Louis holds the record for most consecutive title defenses at this division, with 25 defenses of the Universal title. This is also the record for most consecutive title defenses in boxing history.

Only six boxers in the history of the heavyweight division have been world heavyweight champion on three separate occasions: Muhammad Ali, (Lineal title) Evander Holyfield, Michael Moorer, Lennox Lewis, Vitali Klitschko and Ruslan Chagaev.

Five boxers have also regained the Lineal heavyweight title: Floyd Patterson, Muhammad Ali, Evander Holyfield, George Foreman and Lennox Lewis.

Historical development[edit]

Because this division had no weight limit, it has been historically vaguely defined. In the 19th century, for example, many heavyweight champions weighed 170 pounds (12 st 2 lb, 77 kg) or less (although others weighed 200 pounds).

The first heavyweight champion under the Marquess of Queensberry rules was John L. Sullivan, known as "The Boston Strong Boy". He weighed around 200 pounds when in shape and was a bare-knuckle champion. He was defeated by Jim Corbett on September 7, 1892, in 21 rounds.

In 1920, the light heavyweight division was formed, with a maximum weight of 175 pounds (12 st 7 lb, 79 kg). Any fighter weighing more than 175 pounds was a heavyweight. In the 1980s, the various boxing organizations recognized the cruiserweight division, with a maximum weight of either 190 pounds of 195 pounds. Later these organizations increased the cruiserweight limit to 200 pounds.

Since 1975, the Amateur Athletic Union of the United States and the Soviet Sports Committee established a new concept in international boxing, called "Heavy Duals," an all-heavyweight team contest between the United States and the Soviet Union.[5]

Professional champions[edit]

Current champions

Sanctioning Body Reign Began Champion Record Defenses
WBA (Super) December 7, 2019 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 23–1 0
WBC January 17, 2015 United States Deontay Wilder 42–0–1 (41 KO) 10
IBF December 7, 2019 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 23–1 0
WBO December 7, 2019 United Kingdom Anthony Joshua 23–1 0

Current interim champions

Sanctioning Body Reign Began Champion Record Defenses
WBA August 11, 2018 United States Trevor Bryan 20–0 (14 KO) 0
WBC July 20, 2019 United Kingdom Dillian Whyte 26–1 (18 KO) 0

All-time tables[edit]

Most opponents beaten in title fights[edit]

These lists do not include The Ring and lineal championship fights after 1921, although they only include heavyweight champions that have also captured The Ring or lineal title.

Keys:

     Active title reign
     Reign has ended
Note 1: WBA (Regular) champions are not included
Note 2: WBO heavyweight title bouts before August 1997 are not included[6]
Pos. Name Reign began-ended Recognition Beaten opponents
1. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 1. October 14, 2000 — March 8, 2003
2. April 22, 2006 — November 28, 2015
1. WBO
2. IBF, WBO, WBA
23
2. United States Joe Louis June 22, 1937 — March 1, 1949 NYSAC, NBA 22
3. United States Muhammad Ali 1. February 25, 1964 – March 11, 1969
2. October 30, 1974 — February 15, 1978
3. September 15, 1978 — October 18, 1979
1. WBA, WBC
2. WBA, WBC
3. WBA
21
4. United States Larry Holmes June 9, 1978 — September 21, 1985 WBC, IBF 20
5. United KingdomCanada Lennox Lewis 1. December 14, 1992 — September 24, 1994
2. February 7, 1997 — April 22, 2001
3. November 17, 2001 — February 6, 2004
1. WBC
2. WBC, WBA, IBF
3. WBC, IBF
15
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 1. June 26, 1999 — April 1, 2000
2. April 24, 2004 — November 9, 2005
3. October 11, 2008 — December 15, 2013
1. WBO
2. WBC
3. WBC
15
7. United States Mike Tyson 1. November 22, 1986 — February 11, 1990
2. March 16, 1996 — November 9, 1996
1. WBC, WBA, IBF
2. WBC, WBA
11
8. United States Joe Frazier March 4, 1968 — January 22, 1973 NYSAC, WBA, WBC 10
9. United States Evander Holyfield 1. October 25, 1990 — November 13, 1992
2. November 6, 1993 — April 22, 1994
3. November 9, 1996 — November 13, 1999
4. August 12, 2000 — March 3, 2001
1. WBC, WBA, IBF
2. WBA, IBF
3. WBA, IBF
4. WBA
9
9. Canada Tommy Burns February 23, 1906 — December 26, 1908 lineal 9
11. United States Ezzard Charles September 27, 1950 — July 18, 1951 NBA, NYSAC 8
12. United States Floyd Patterson 1. November 30, 1956 — June 26, 1959
2. June 20, 1960 — September 25, 1962
NYSAC, NBA 7
12. United States Jack Johnson December 26, 1908 — April 5, 1915 lineal 7
14. United States James J. Jeffries June 9, 1899 — May 13, 1905 lineal 6
14. United States Jack Dempsey July 4, 1919 — September 23, 1926 lineal-to-NBA and NYSAC 6

Most wins in title fights[edit]

These lists do not include The Ring and lineal championship fights after 1921, although they only include heavyweight champions that have also captured The Ring or lineal title.

Keys:

     Active title reign
     Reign has ended
Note 1: WBA (Regular) champions are not included
Note 2: WBO heavyweight title bouts before August 1997 are not included[6]
Pos. Name Reign began-ended Recognition Title fight wins
1. United States Joe Louis June 22, 1937 — March 1, 1949 NYSAC, NBA 27
2. Ukraine Wladimir Klitschko 1. October 14, 2000 — March 8, 2003
2. April 22, 2006 — November 28, 2015
1. WBO
2. IBF, WBO, WBA
25
3. United States Muhammad Ali 1. February 25, 1964 – March 11, 1969
2. October 30, 1974 — February 15, 1978
3. September 15, 1978 — October 18, 1979
1. WBA, WBC
2. WBA, WBC
3. WBA
22
4. United States Larry Holmes June 9, 1978 — September 21, 1985 WBC, IBF 20
5. United KingdomCanada Lennox Lewis 1. December 14, 1992 — September 24, 1994
2. February 7, 1997 — April 22, 2001
3. November 17, 2001 — February 6, 2004
1. WBC
2. WBC, WBA, IBF
3. WBC, IBF
15
5. Ukraine Vitali Klitschko 1. June 26, 1999 — April 1, 2000
2. April 24, 2004 — November 9, 2005
3. October 11, 2008 — December 15, 2013
1. WBO
2. WBC
3. WBC
15
7. United States Mike Tyson 1. November 22, 1986 — February 11, 1990
2. March 16, 1996 — November 9, 1996
1. WBC, WBA, IBF
2. WBC, WBA
12
8. Canada Tommy Burns February 23, 1906 — December 26, 1908 lineal 11
9. United States Joe Frazier March 4, 1968 — January 22, 1973 NYSAC, WBA, WBC 10
9. United States Evander Holyfield 1. October 25, 1990 — November 13, 1992
2. November 6, 1993 — April 22, 1994
3. November 9, 1996 — November 13, 1999
4. August 12, 2000 — March 3, 2001
1. WBC, WBA, IBF
2. WBA, IBF
3. WBA, IBF
4. WBA
10
11. United States Ezzard Charles September 27, 1950 — July 18, 1951 NBA, NYSAC 9
12. United States Floyd Patterson 1. November 30, 1956 — June 26, 1959
2. June 20, 1960 — September 25, 1962
NYSAC, NBA 8
12. United States James J. Jeffries June 9, 1899 — May 13, 1905 lineal 8
14. United States Jack Johnson December 26, 1908 — April 5, 1915 lineal 7
14. United States Rocky Marciano September 23, 1952 — April 27, 1956 NYSAC, NBA 7

Kickboxing[edit]

  • In kickboxing, a heavyweight fighter generally weighs between 88 kg (196 lb) and 100 kg (220 lb). The Fighters over 100 kg (220 lb) are considered super heavyweights.
  • International Kickboxing Federation (IKF) Heavyweight (Pro & Amateur) 215.1 – 235 lb. or 97.8 – 106.8 kg.
  • In Glory promotion, a heavyweight division is over 95 kg (209 lb) and no upper weight limit.

Mixed martial arts[edit]

The heavyweight division in MMA generally groups fighters between 205 and 265 lb (93 and 120 kg).

Heavyweight is also the title of a documentary film that documented the fight camp of Fabricio Werdum when he became the UFC Heavyweight Champion. [7]

Professional wrestling[edit]

The term "world heavyweight" in modern wrestling generally refers to a champion wrestler who is seen as a prominent competitor, rather than an adherent to a particular weight class. The World Heavyweight Championship in wrestling is usually considered the main title in a given promotion. Prior to the wrestling industry publicly acknowledging the predetermined nature of the sport, a Heavyweight title was generally competed for by larger wrestlers while smaller wrestlers competed as (among other names and classifications) "Junior Heavyweights" and "Light-Heavyweights".

Analogous uses[edit]

The word "heavyweight" is sometimes used in other fields (e.g. politics) to denote a person who is especially powerful or influential. In this context, "big beast" has a similar meaning. Other boxing analogies include "punching above his [their] weight" to denote a person or entity (e.g. a country) whose influence is arguably greater than his/its basic attributes would suggest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "4. Weight Classes". IBO and also the sumo board of control. But Championship Rules & Regulations. International Boxing Organization. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200 lbs.
  2. ^ "11. Weight Category" (PDF). World Bpxing Association World Championships Regulations. World Boxing Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-09. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavy More than 200 Lbs.
  3. ^ "Ratings Heavyweight (over 200-90.719)". World Boxing Council. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
  4. ^ "3. Weight Classes" (PDF). Regulations of World Championship Contests. World Boxing Organization. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2007-09-26. Retrieved 2007-08-11. Heavyweight Over 200lbs or 90.91 kg.
  5. ^ 'Heavy' Date, AAU News, 1975, v. 45, p. 10.
  6. ^ a b James B. Roberts, Alexander G. Skutt: The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book, p. 331–32. The record of Ricardo Lopez indicates his opponent Alex Sanchez as WBO "World Champion" on August 23, 1997, meanwhile Michael Carbajal's opponent Josue Camacho (fought on July 15, 1994) didn't receive the same recognition, thus suggesting that WBO title hadn't been viewed by IBHOF as a major title prior to (at least) August 1997, when Herbie Hide (won the title on June 28, 1997) was WBO heavyweight champion
  7. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4380142/

External links[edit]