Heinkel He 45
|Heinkel He 45|
The Heinkel He 45 was a light bomber produced in Germany in the early 1930s, one of the first aircraft adopted by the newly formed Luftwaffe. Its appearance was that of a conventional biplane and included seating for pilot and gunner in tandem, open cockpits. Developed in parallel with the He 46, it appeared in 1931 as a general-purpose biplane and was employed mainly as a trainer, but was also used by the Luftwaffe for reconnaissance and light bombing duties. Production of this plane totalled 512 aircraft, including those built under licence by Gotha, Focke-Wulf, and BFW.
- He 45a
- First prototype, powered by a BMW VI 7,3Z piston engine.
- He 45b
- Second prototype, fitted with four-blade propeller.
- He 45c
- Third prototype, armed with one 7.92 mm (.312 in) forward-firing MG 17 machine gun, and one 7.92 mm MG 15 machine gun in the rear cockpit.
- He 45A
- Initial production version.
- He 45A-1
- Training version.
- He 45A-2
- Reconnaissance version.
- He 45B
- Improved production version.
- He 45B-1
- Reconnaissance version, armed with a 7.92 mm (0.312 in) machine gun.
- He 45B-2
- Able to carry a 100 kg (220 lb) bombload.
- He 45C
- Production version of the He 45c.
- He 45D
- Slightly improved version. Similar to the He 45C.
- HD 61a
- Reconnaissance export version of He 45B intended for China, powered by a 492 kW (660 hp) BMW VI piston engine.
- One HD 61a tested and crashed during a demonstration on 22 August 1931.
Specifications (He 45C)
Data from Warplanes of the Third Reich
- Crew: Two
- Length: 10.60 m (34 ft 9⅓ in)
- Wingspan: 11.50 m (37 ft 8¾ in)
- Height: 3.60 m (11 ft 9¾ in)
- Wing area: 34.60 m² (372.32 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 2,110 kg (4,641 lb)
- Loaded weight: 2,751 kg (6,052 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × BMW VI 7,3 water-cooled V12 engine, 560 kW (750 hp)
- Maximum speed: 290 km/h (157 knots, 180 mph) at sea level
- Cruise speed: 221 km/h (119 knots, 137 mph) at sea level
- Range: 1,200 km (649 nmi, 746 mi)
- Service ceiling: 5,500 m (18,045 ft)
- Climb to 1,000 m (3,280 ft): 2.4 min
- Guns: 1 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) forward firing MG 17 machine gun and one MG 15 machine gun in rear cockpit
- Bombs: 300 kg (660 lb) bombs
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heinkel He 45.|
- Green, William (1972). Warplanes of the Third Reich. New York: Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-05782-2.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 499.
- World Aircraft Information Files. London: Bright Star Publishing. File 896 Sheet 24.