|Birth name||Jelena Ana Milcetic |
|Born||July 21, 1930|
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Associated acts||Clifford Brown, Gil Evans, Oscar Pettiford|
Helen Merrill (born Jelena Ana Milcetic July 21, 1930) is an American jazz vocalist. Her first album, the eponymous 1955 release Helen Merrill, was an immediate success and associated her with the first generation of bebop jazz musicians. After a prolific 1950s and '60s when she recorded with Charlie Parker and Clifford Brown, Merrill spent time recording and touring in Europe and Japan, falling into obscurity in the United States. In the 1980s and '90s, a contract with Verve Records and high-profile performances in America returned her to prominence. Noted for her emotional, sensual vocal performances, her career continues in its sixth decade with concerts and recordings.
Early life and career
Jelena Ana Milcetic was born in New York City in 1930 to Croatian immigrant parents. She began singing in jazz clubs in the Bronx in 1944 when she was fourteen. By the time she was sixteen, Merrill had taken up music full-time. In 1952, Merrill made her recording debut when she was asked to sing "A Cigarette For Company" with the Earl Hines Band; the song was released on the D'Oro label, created specifically to record Hines' band with Merrill. Etta Jones  was in Hines' band at the time and she too sang on this session, which was reissued on the Xanadu label in 1985. At this time Merrill was married to musician Aaron Sachs. They divorced in 1956.
Merrill was signed by Mercury Records to their EmArcy label. In 1954, Merrill recorded her first LP, an eponymous record featuring trumpeter Clifford Brown and bassist Oscar Pettiford. The album was produced and arranged by Quincy Jones, who was twenty-one years old. The success of Helen Merrill prompted Mercury to sign her for an additional four-album contract.
Merrill's follow-up to Helen Merrill was the 1956 LP, Dream of You, which was produced and arranged by arranger and pianist Gil Evans. His arrangements for Merrill laid the foundation for his work with Miles Davis.
After recording sporadically through the late 1950s and 1960s, Merrill spent much of her time touring Europe, where she enjoyed more commercial success than she had in the United States. She settled for a time in Italy, recording an album there and doing concerts with jazz musicians Piero Umiliani, Chet Baker, Romano Mussolini, and Stan Getz. In 1960 arranger and composer Ennio Morricone, noted for his film scores, worked with Merrill on an EP, Helen Merrill Sings Italian Songs, on the RCA Italiana label.
Parole e Musica: Words and Music was recorded in Italy with Umiliani's orchestra in the early 1960s while Merrill was living there. The LP features the unusual additions preceding each song, of spoken translations of eloquent Italian word lyrics, complementing the ballads and torch songs.
She returned to the U.S. in the 1960s, but moved to Japan in 1966, staying after touring there and marrying Donald J. Brydon (of United Press International) in April 1967. She developed a following in Japan that remains strong to this day. In addition to recording while in Japan, Merrill became involved in other aspects of the music industry, producing albums for Trio Records  and co-hosting a show on FEN (Armed Forces Radio and Television Service) with Bud Widom in Tokyo.
Merrill returned to the U.S. in 1972. She recorded a bossa nova album, a Christmas album, and a Rodgers and Hammerstein album. In 1987, she and Gil Evans recorded fresh arrangements of Dream of You released under the title Collaboration, becoming the most critically acclaimed of Merrill's albums in the 1980s.
In 1987 she co-produced Billy Eckstine Sings with Benny Carter. In 1995 she recorded Brownie: Homage to Clifford Brown. Jelena Ana Milcetic a.k.a. Helen Merrill (2000) draws from her Croatian heritage as well as her American upbringing. The album combines jazz, pop, and blues songs with traditional Croatian songs sung in Croatian. She released the album Lilac Wine in 2003.
She has one child from her first marriage, known professionally as Alan Merrill, who is a singer and songwriter who wrote and recorded the original (1975) version of the rock classic "I Love Rock N Roll" as lead vocalist of the British band Arrows.
- Helen Merrill (EmArcy, 1954)
- Helen Merrill with Strings (EmArcy, 1955)
- Dream of You (EmArcy, 1956)
- Merrill at Midnight (EmArcy, 1957)
- You've Got a Date with the Blues (MetroJazz, 1958)
- The Nearness of You (EmArcy, 1958)
- American Country Songs (Atco, 1959)
- Helen Merrill Sings Italian Songs (RCA Italiana, 1960)
- The Artistry of Helen Merrill (Mainstream, 1965)
- The Feeling Is Mutual with Dick Katz (Milestone, 1967)
- A Shade of Difference (Milestone, 1968)
- Helen Swings, Teddy Swings! with Teddy Wilson (Catalyst, 1970)
- John Lewis/Helen Merrill (Mercury, 1977)
- Autumn Love (Catalyst, 1977)
- Something Special (Inner City, 1978)
- Chasin' the Bird (Inner City, 1980)
- Casa Forte (Inner City, 1981)
- Rodgers & Hammerstein Album (DRG, 1982)
- The Complete Helen Merrill on Mercury (Mercury, 1985)
- No Tears, No Goodbyes with Gordon Beck (Owl, 1985)
- Music Makers (Owl, 1986)
- Collaboration with Gil Evans (EmArcy, 1988)
- Sings Jerome Kern (PAR, 1988)
- Duets with Ron Carter (EmArcy, 1989)
- Just Friends (EmArcy, 1989)
- Christmas Song Book (JVC, 1991)
- Clear Out of This World (Antilles, 1992)
- Brownie: Homage to Clifford Brown (Verve, 1994)
- You and the Night and the Music (Verve, 1997)
- Jelena Ana Milcetic a.k.a. Helen Merrill (Gitanes, 2000)
- Lilac Wine (Sunnyside, 2003)
- Billy Eckstine Sings with Benny Carter (Verve, 1986)
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