Herb Ritts

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Herb Ritts
Herb Ritts.jpg
Born
Herbert Ritts Jr.

(1952-08-13)August 13, 1952
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
DiedDecember 26, 2002(2002-12-26) (aged 50)
Los Angeles, California
NationalityAmerican
Alma materBard College
OccupationPhotographer
AwardsGLAAD Media Awards
Pioneer Award 2008

Herbert "Herb" Ritts Jr. (August 13, 1952 – December 26, 2002) was an American fashion photographer and director prolific for his photographs of celebrities, models, and other cultural figures throughout the 1980s and 1990s. His work concentrated on black and white photography and portraits, often in the style of classical Greek sculpture, which emphasized the human shape.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Los Angeles, to a Jewish family,[2] Ritts began his career working in the family furniture business. His father, Herb Ritts Sr., was a businessman, while his mother, Shirley Ritts, was an interior designer. He moved to the East Coast to attend Bard College in New York, where he majored in economics and art history, graduating in 1975.[1]

Later, while living in Los Angeles, he became interested in photography when he and friend Richard Gere, then an aspiring actor, decided to shoot some photographs in front of an old jacked up Buick.[1] The picture gained Ritts some coverage and he began to be more serious about photography. He photographed Brooke Shields for the cover of the October 12, 1981 edition of Elle and he photographed Olivia Newton-John for her Physical album in 1981. Five years later, he would replicate that cover pose with Madonna for her 1986 release True Blue.

Ritts was openly gay.[3]

Later notable photographs[edit]

During the 1980s and 1990s, Ritts prominently photographed celebrities in various locales throughout California.[4] Some of his subjects during this time included Elizabeth Taylor,[5] Vincent Price,[6] Madonna,[7] Denzel Washington,[8] Johnny Depp,[9] Ronald Reagan,[10] David Bowie,[11] Courtney Love,[12] Liv Tyler,[13] Matthew McConaughey,[14] Britney Spears,[15] and Michael Jackson.

He also took many fashion and nude photographs of fashion models Naomi Campbell, Stephanie Seymour, Tatjana Patitz, Christy Turlington, and Cindy Crawford, including "Tatjana, Veiled Head, Tight View, Joshua Tree, 1988."

Ritts' work with them ushered in the 1990s era of the supermodel and was consecrated by one of his most celebrated images, "Stephanie, Cindy, Christy, Tatjana, Naomi, Hollywood, 1989" taken for Rolling Stone Magazine.

He also worked for Interview, Esquire, Mademoiselle, Glamour, GQ, Newsweek, Harper's Bazaar, Rolling Stone,[4] Time, Vogue, Allure, Vanity Fair, Details, and Elle. Ritts took publicity portraits for Batman, Batman Forever and Batman & Robin which appeared on magazine covers and merchandise throughout the 1990s.

He published books on photography for fashion designers including, Giorgio Armani, Revlon, Ralph Lauren, Chanel, Gianni Versace, Calvin Klein, Elizabeth Arden, Donna Karan, Cartier, Guess, Maybelline, TAG Heuer, Lacoste, Gianfranco Ferré, Levi's, Victoria's Secret, Gap, Acura, CoverGirl, Lancôme, and Valentino.

From 1996 to 1997 his work was displayed at the Boston Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, attracting more than 250,000 people to the exhibit,[16] and in 2003 a solo exhibition was held at the Daimaru Museum, in Kyoto, Japan.

Music videos[edit]

The first video he directed was Madonna in "Cherish" in 1989. In 1991, he won two MTV Video Awards for his work on music videos by Janet Jackson and Chris Isaak. Ritts also directed the music video for Michael Jackson's "In the Closet", which featured supermodel Naomi Campbell. Ritts also worked on other projects, including directing and acting, on Mariah Carey's video collection #1's (1999), Jennifer Lopez's sepia video "Ain't It Funny", Janet Jackson's Design of a Decade: 1986–1996 (1996), Intimate Portrait: Cindy Crawford (1998), Murder in the First (1995), Britney Spears' "Don't Let Me Be The Last To Know" (2001) and Shakira's "Underneath Your Clothes".

Death[edit]

On December 26, 2002, Ritts died of complications from pneumonia at the age of 50.[17] According to Ritts' publicist, "Herb was HIV-positive, but this particular pneumonia was not PCP (pneumocystis pneumonia), a common opportunistic infection of AIDS. But at the end of the day, his immune system was compromised."[18]

Works[edit]

Commercial[edit]

Music videos[edit]

Year Title Artist Notes
1989 "Cherish" Madonna
1990 "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" Janet Jackson with Antonio Sabàto, Jr. and Djimon Hounsou
1991 "Wicked Game" Chris Isaak second version of music video; with Helena Christensen
"Way of the World" Tina Turner
1992 "In The Closet" Michael Jackson with Naomi Campbell
1994 "Please Come Home for Christmas" Jon Bon Jovi with Cindy Crawford
1996 "Let It Flow" Toni Braxton
1998 "My All" Mariah Carey
1999 "Baby Did a Bad Bad Thing" Chris Isaak Remix version, with Laetitia Casta
2000 "Telling Stories" Tracy Chapman
2001 "Don't Let Me Be the Last to Know" Britney Spears
"Ain't It Funny" Jennifer Lopez
"Gone" NSYNC
2002 "Underneath Your Clothes" Shakira

Books[edit]

  • Pictures, Twin Palms Publishers, 1988
  • Men/Women, Twin Palms Publishers, 1989
  • Duo, Twin Palms Publishers, 1991
  • Notorious, Little, Brown and Company/Bulfinch Press, 1992
  • Africa, Little, Brown and Company/Bulfinch Press, 1994
  • Work, Little, Brown and Company/Bulfinch Press, 1996
  • Herb Ritts, Fondation Cartier pour l'Art Contemporain, 1999
  • Herb Ritts L.A. Style, Getty Publications, 2012

Exhibitions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bellafante, Ginia (December 27, 2002). "Herb Ritts, Photographer of Celebrities, Is Dead at 50". The New York Times. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  2. ^ Abrams, Melanie (June 23, 2011). "Lens that defined a generation". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  3. ^ https://www.poz.com/article/Putting-On-The-Ritts-542-3918
  4. ^ a b Loder, Kurt (April 23, 1987), "Stardust Memories", Rolling Stone (498): 74–77, 80, 82, 168, 171
  5. ^ "Elizabeth Taylor, Malibu, 1991". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  6. ^ "Vincent Price, Los Angeles, 1989". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  7. ^ "Madonna I, San Pedro, 1990". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  8. ^ "Denzel Washington, Malibu, 1995". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  9. ^ "Johnny Depp, Beverly Hills, 1991". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  10. ^ "Ronald Reagan, Los Angeles, 1993". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  11. ^ "David Bowie, Los Angeles, 1993". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  12. ^ "Courtney Love, Culver City, 1995". HerbRitts.com. March 6, 1995. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  13. ^ "Liv Tyler, El Mirage, 1996". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  14. ^ "Matthew McConaughey, Palmdale, 1996". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  15. ^ "Britney Spears, Los Angeles, 2001". HerbRitts.com. Retrieved December 23, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  16. ^ Edgers, Geoff (April 5, 2007). "Breaking: Herb Ritts Money, Art to MFA50". Boston Globe. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  17. ^ Bellafante, Ginia (December 27, 2002). "Herb Ritts, Photographer of Celebrities, Is Dead at 50". The New York Times. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  18. ^ Signorile, Michelangelo (January 22, 2001). "Ritts Coverage: Don't Hide the AIDS Truths". windycitymediagroup.com. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
  19. ^ "Chrysler Museum of Art". chrysler.org. Retrieved March 7, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  20. ^ "Exhibits". rockhall.com. Retrieved March 7, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  21. ^ a b Christian, Scott (March 13, 2015). "Herb Ritts: old-school glamour's last stand". The Guardian. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  22. ^ "Herb Ritts". mfa.org. February 12, 2015. Retrieved March 7, 2017. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  23. ^ "Exhibition HERB RITTS: SUPER – artist, news & exhibitions". photography-now.com. Retrieved March 7, 2017.
  24. ^ "Herb Ritts' Iconic Photographs of the '90s "Supers" Are Back". Vogue. January 29, 2017. Retrieved March 7, 2017.

External links[edit]